|Founded||1898 (first establishment)
1916 (first re-establishment)
1939 (second re-establishment)
|Founded by||Galician immigrants (1898)
Poale Zion members (1916)
Yodfat members (1939)
Mahanayim (Hebrew: מחניים, מַחֲנַיִם) is a kibbutz in northern Israel. Located around three kilometres northeast of Rosh Pina, it falls under the jurisdiction of Upper Galilee Regional Council. In 2015 it had a population of 686.
The land on which Mahanayim stands was purchased in 1892 by the Ahavat Zion (Love of Zion) Hovevei Zion organisation, with the aim of establishing a moshava in the area. In 1898 a number of families from Galicia settled in the area, naming it Mahanayim after the biblical city in Gilead, where Jacob stayed before he met again with his brother Esau and saw angels, therefore calling it Mahanayim (camps) of God (Genesis 32,2). However, it was not a success, largely due to the settlers' lack of familiarity with the region, a shortage of money, and a lack of professionalism, resulting in the community disintegrating. The Jewish Colonization Association ran a trial of growing tobacco in the area, but it too was a failure, and the village was abandoned in 1912.
In 1916 a kvutza of Poale Zion members arrived in the area, establishing the first working settlement in the Upper Galilee. According to a census conducted in 1922 by the British Mandate authorities, Mahanayim had a population of 30 Jews. In the same year it became a moshav, but was abandoned in 1928. The village was established for a third time in 1939 by members of kibbutz "Yodfat" from Safed.
Kibbutz Mahanaim operates a guesthouse offering alternative medical treatments. A sculpture studio and stained glass workshop on the grounds of the kibbutz are open to guests.
Ben Ya'akov Airport is located to the south of the kibbutz.
- "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
- Chirping birds on the way to the old dining hall Haaretz, 24 July 2001
- Three Brits with Israeli ties on Queen's honours list Haaretz, 4 January 2013