Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania

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Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania
city
Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania
Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania
Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania is located in Pennsylvania
Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania
Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 40°48′45″N 76°08′28″W / 40.81250°N 76.14111°W / 40.81250; -76.14111Coordinates: 40°48′45″N 76°08′28″W / 40.81250°N 76.14111°W / 40.81250; -76.14111
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Schuylkill
Settled 1859
Incorporated December 16, 1863
Government
 • Type Borough Council
 • Mayor George F. Krall
Area
 • Total 0.5 sq mi (1 km2)
Elevation 1,240 ft (380 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 4,647
 • Density 9,060.8/sq mi (3,498.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 17948
Area code(s) 570 Exchange: 773
Website Mahanoy City

Mahanoy City (pronounced MA-ha-noy) is a Borough located 38 miles (61 km) southwest of Wilkes-Barre and 13 miles southwest of Hazleton, in northern Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania in the southern Coal Region. The name "Mahanoy" is believed to be a variation of the Native American word 'Maghonioy', or "the salt deposits".

History[edit]

Mahanoy City, originally a part of Mahanoy township, was settled in 1859 and incorporated as a borough by decree of the Court of Quarter Sessions of Schuylkill County on December 16, 1863.[citation needed] The borough was a major center of anthracite production and the region was embroiled in the Molly Maguires incidents.[citation needed] It was served by branches of the Lehigh Valley and the Philadelphia & Reading railways.[citation needed]

The valley is located in the anthracite coal region of Pennsylvania. Fire clay also abounds in the vicinity. The borough's principal industries are still the mining and shipping of coal, although the demand for it has steadily declined since its peak in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Aside from coal, the manufacturing of shirts, bedding and foundry products is also fairly prominent.[citation needed]

In 1930 the St. Nicholas Coal Breaker was built and went into operation in 1932 but was slated to be demolished in 2015, but as of July 27th, 2016, it is still standing..[1]

In 1948, Mahanoy City became the first municipality in the country to have Cable TV.[2]

Geography[edit]

Mahanoy City is located at 40°48′45″N 76°8′25″W / 40.81250°N 76.14028°W / 40.81250; -76.14028 (40.812413, -76.140223).[3] The borough is situated in the valley of Mahanoy Creek, approximately 4 miles (6.4 km) southeast of Shenandoah and 11 miles (18 km) northwest of Tamaqua. Mahanoy City lies at an elevation of 1240 feet above sea level; Broad Mountain (1795 ft), a ridge extending through Schuylkill County, overlooks it on the southeast.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 5,533
1880 7,181 29.8%
1890 11,286 57.2%
1900 13,504 19.7%
1910 15,936 18.0%
1920 15,599 −2.1%
1930 14,784 −5.2%
1940 13,442 −9.1%
1950 10,934 −18.7%
1960 8,536 −21.9%
1970 7,257 −15.0%
1980 6,167 −15.0%
1990 5,209 −15.5%
2000 4,647 −10.8%
2010 4,162 −10.4%
Est. 2015 4,070 [4] −2.2%
Sources:[5][6][7]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 4,647 people, 2,113 households, and 1,210 families residing in the borough. The population density was 9,060.8 people per square mile (3,518.1/km²). There were 2,595 housing units at an average density of 5,059.8 per square mile (1,964.6/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 98.79% White, 0.22% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.22% from other races, and 0.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.29% of the population.

There were 2,113 households out of which 22.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.2% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.7% were non-families. 39.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 24.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the borough the population was spread out with 21.3% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 26.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.6 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $24,347, and the median income for a family was $32,033. Males had a median income of $29,628 versus $20,288 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $14,369. About 12.6% of families and 17.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.3% of those under age 18 and 20.9% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Mahanoy Area School District serves the borough and Mahanoy Township. The District operates: Mahanoy Area Elementary School (K-4), Mahanoy Area Middle School (5th-8th) and Mahanoy Area High School (9th-12). The District has provided full day kindergarten since 2004. In 2015, the Mahanoy Area School District's enrollment declined to 1,004 students.[8] Mahanoy Area School District was ranked 433rd out of 493 Pennsylvania school districts, in 2015, by the Pittsburgh Business Times.[9] Mahanoy Area High School has been listed on the Commonwealth's annual lowest achieving schools list.[10] In 2015, Mahanoy Area School District’s graduation rate was 91%. In 2012, Mahanoy Area School District declined to Warning Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) status, due to a low graduation rate and lagging student academic achievement.[11]

Map of Schuylkill County, public school districts showing Mahanoy Area SD in orange

High school aged students living in Mahanoy City, can attend the taxpayer funded Schuylkill Technology Centers for training in the building trades, auto mechanics, culinary arts, allied health careers and other areas. The closest campus STC AirportI Campus is located in Pottsville.

Schuylkill Intermediate Unit IU29 provides a variety of services to children living in Mahanoy City. Early screening, special education services, speech and hearing therapy, autistic support, preschool classes and many other services like driver education are available. Services for children during the preschool years are provided without cost to their families when the child is determined to meet eligibility requirements. Intermediate units receive taxpayer funding: through subsidies paid by member school districts; through direct charges to users for some services; through the successful application for state and federal competitive grants and through private grants.[12]

Mahanoy City residents may also apply to attend any of the Commonwealth's 13 public cyber charter schools (in 2015) at no additional cost to the parents. The resident’s public school district is required to pay the charter school and cyber charter school tuition for residents who attend these public schools.[13][14] The tuition rate that Mahanoy Area School District must pay for high school pupils was $11,194.03 in 2015.[15] For elementary it was $9,485. By Commonwealth law, when the District provides transportation for its own students, then the District must provide transportation to any school that lies within 10 miles of its borders. Gillingham Charter School is located in Pottsville. Residents may also seek admission for their school aged child to any other public school district. When accepted for admission, the student's parents are responsible for paying an annual tuition fee set by the Pennsylvania Department of Education.

Community members have access to the Mahanoy City Public Library. Through it Pennsylvania residents have access to all POWER Library [1] online resources.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rubinkam, Michael (28 May 2015). "Massive coal breaker, Pennsylvania's last, is coming down". The Morning Call. Allentown, PA. Associated Press. Retrieved 20 July 2015. 
  2. ^ Mayer, Mary Alice (21 July 1970). "Oral history interview with Cable Television Pioneer John Walson". The Cable Center, Barco Library. Retrieved 25 May 2016. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  6. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  8. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (December 4, 2015). "District Fast Facts - Mahanoy Area School District". 
  9. ^ Pittsburgh Business Times (April 10, 2015). "Guide to Pennsylvania Schools Statewide School District Ranking 2015". 
  10. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (May 2014). "Opportunity Scholarship Tax Credit Program". 
  11. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 21, 2012). "Mahanoy Area School District AYP Overview 2012". 
  12. ^ Schuylkill Intermediate Unit 29 Administration, About the SIU, 2015
  13. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2013). "Charter Schools". 
  14. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2013). "What is a Charter School?". 
  15. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Tuition Rate Calculation, 2015
  16. ^ Smith, Geoffrey (3 September 1998). "Fixing Fidelity". Business Week. 

External links[edit]