Jaswant Singh of Bharatpur

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The young Maharaja of Bharatpur Jashwant Singh, aged about eleven, in his durbar or court in 1862. The young prince sits in the centre of his guddee or royal seat, which is of velvet richly embroidered with gold. Behind him are four servants, two of whom hold merchauls of peacocks' feathers, and the chouree of yak's tail hair. In two rows on either side of the Rajah, the nobles and sirdars of the state are seated; they may be relatives, or officers in various parts of the state services.

Jashwant Singh (Hindi: महाराजा जशवन्त सिंह; 1851–1893) was the ruling Jat Maharaja of the princely state Bharatpur from 1853 to 1893 in Rajasthan, India. His successor was Maharaja Ram Singh.

Early Life[edit]

Maharaja Jaswant Singh was born at Deeg on 1 March 1851. He was the only son of Maharaja Balwant Singh. He was educated privately. He had knowledge of the Hindi, English and Persian languages.

Ascended the throne[edit]

Jashwant Singh succeeded on the death of his father on 21 March 1853. He ascended the gaddi (throne) on 8 July 1853, reigning under a Council of Regency until he came of age. He assumed limited ruling powers on 10 June 1869 and was invested with full ruling powers on 28 March 1872.

He married at Patiala on December 1859 with Maharani Bishan Kaur, the third daughter of Narendra Singh of Maharaja Patiala. His second marriage was at Deeg in 1870 with Darya Kaur, the sister of Chaudhari Birbal Singh of Jagina in Bharatpur.

He received a sanad of adoption on 11 March 1862 like the other Maharajas of India. He attended the Imperial Durbar at Delhi in January 1877. The Maharaja Phaltan Regiment of Infantry was raised in his name in 1857. Bharatpur supported British rule in the 1857 war of independence.

A popular ruler[edit]

Jashwant Singh received the Prince of Wales's gold medal (1876) and the KIH gold medal (1877). He did manage the affairs of state with success in the interest of the public. The people of Bharatpur still remember his love and justice to the people.[citation needed] He removed the levy on all items except intoxicating items. He got surveyed the land titled maphi by the patwaris in 1886.

He donated Rs 50000 for the establishment of Mayo College Ajmer. He also helped the Maharaja Shyaudan Singh of Alwar to get a loan of Rs 3 lakhs from the Seths of Mathura.

Death and Succession[edit]

He died at the Deeg Palace on 12 December 1893, having had issue, four sons and three daughters. His successor was Maharaja Ram Singh.

Name and titles[edit]

His official full name and title was: His Highness Shri Maharaja Jashwant Singh, 11th Maharaja of Bharatpur, GCSI.

See also[edit]


  • Thakur Deshraj: Jat Itihas (Hindi), Maharaja Suraj Mal Smarak Shiksha Sansthan, Delhi, 1934, 2nd edition 1992.
  • Dr Natthan Singh: Jat - Itihas (Hindi), Jat Samaj Kalyan Parishad Gwalior, 2004

External links[edit]

Jaswant Singh of Bharatpur
Sinsiniwar Jat Dynasty
Born: 1 March 1851 Died: 12 December 1893
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Maharaja Balwant Singh
Maharaja of Bharatpur
Succeeded by
Maharaja Ram Singh