Manindra Chandra Nandy

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Manindra Chandra Nandy
Maharaja Manindra Chandra Nandy.jpg
Born Manindra Chandra Nandy
(1860-05-29)29 May 1860
Died 12 November 1929(1929-11-12) (aged 69)
Nationality Indian
Title Maharaja Sir Manindra Chandra Nandy

Maharaja Sir Manindra Chandra Nandy KCIE (29 May 1860 – 12 May 1929) was the Maharaja of Cossimbazar Raj from 1898 to 1929 and a philanthropist and reformist in the period of the Bengal Renaissance.

Family[edit]

Manindra Chandra Nandy was born on 29 May 1860 into the royal family of Cossimbazar. His mother, Gobinda Sundari (sister of Raja Krishnath Roy) died when he was two, and his father died when he was ten.[1]

He became the Maharaja of Cossimbazar, as per the wishes of Cossimbazar Raj family, as there were no direct male descendants alive after the death of Maharani Swarnomoyee in 1897.[1]

Education[edit]

Manindra Chandra suffered from a severe illness when he was fourteen, which prevented him from going to school. Though he later recovered from the illness, he studied at home and did not obtain formal education.[1]

Marriage[edit]

He married Maharani Kashishwari of Khirgram, Burdwan at the age of seventeen. They had three sons and two daughters. Their eldest son, Mohim Chandra Nandy, died early in 1906. His other two sons were Srish Chandra Nandy and Kirti Chandra Nandy.[1]

Contribution for the promotion of education[edit]

Maharaja Manindra Chandra Nandy

Krishnath College[edit]

In 1902, Berhampore College was renamed Krishnath College to preserve the memory of Raja Krishnath Roy, the maternal uncle of Manindra Chandra and husband of Maharani Swarnamoyee. In 1905, control of Krishnath College was handed over to Manindra Chandra Nandy by the government via a deed of transfer. A board of management was created, with Nandy as its president. Nandy spent Rs. 45,000 annually for the maintenance of the college.[1][2]

Krishnath College School[edit]

A large building for Krishnath College School was constructed and expanded at the expense of Rs. 135,000 by Maharaja Manindra Chandra Nandy at Berhampore College to accommodate 1,200 students annually. The foundation stone was laid in 1909 and the school formally opened in 1911.[3]

Different schools[edit]

Manindra Chandra established an English medium high school with a hostel at his ancestral village of Mathrun, Burdwan, at a cost of Rs. 50,000. He maintained schools in other villages and patronised schools for the handicapped in Calcutta.[1]

Different colleges[edit]

Nandy contributed Rs. 15,000 for the construction of The Calcutta Medical School and College of Physicians and Surgeons of Bengal in 1904.[4] He donated Rs. 5,000 for Daulatpur College and Rs. 50,000 for Rangpur College. In 1914, he contributed Rs. 5,000 to Medical College and Hospital for Women and the Nurses Training Institute in New Delhi. He created a chair at Banaras Hindu University and a science chair at Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose Laboratory. He patronised the Bengal Technical Institute, National College, and The Association for the Scientific and Industrial Education of Indians.[1]

Publications[edit]

He wrote the books The Indian Medicinal Plant, A History of Indian Philosophy, Fundamental Unity of India, History of Indian Shipping and Indian Maritime Activity and others.[1]

Offices held[edit]

Manindra Chandra was president of the British Indian Association in 1922, 1923, and 1929 and a member of Imperial Legislative Council from 1913 to 1921. Nandy was the chairman of Berhampore Municipality and Murshidabad District Board.[1] He was one of the founder members and later president of the Bengal National Chamber of Commerce & Industry. He was an active leader and member of Hindu Mahasabha[5]

Awards and honours[edit]

Manindra Chandra received the title of Maharaja on 30 May 1898. He received his knighthood in 1915. Nandy was also an honorary fellow of Calcutta University.[1]

Death[edit]

The Maharaja died on 12 November 1929.

Memorials[edit]

The Maharaja Manindra Chandra College stands as his memorial, founded by his son, Maharaja Sris Chandra Nandy.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Official website of Murshidabad Fire Dekha, Biography of Maharaja Manindra Chandra Nandy
  2. ^ Official website of Murshidabad Fire Dekha, History of Krishnath College
  3. ^ Official website of Murshidabad Fire Dekha, History of Krishnath College School
  4. ^ Official website of R. G. Kar Medical College and Hospital Batch 1982–1987, History of R. G. Kar Medical College and Hospital
  5. ^ Najarula Isalāma (1 January 2005). Son of the Soil. Viva Books. ISBN 978-81-309-3097-8.