Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences

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Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences
महात्मा गांधी वैद्यकीय संस्था
Mgims logo.png
Motto सत्य- धर्मं - प्रेम
Type Education and research institution
Established 1969
Endowment Government of India(50%), Government of Maharashtra(25%)
President Mr. Dhirubhai Mehta
Superintendent Dr. SP Kalantri
Dean Dr. K. R. Patond
Undergraduates 100 per year (MBBS)
Location Sevagram, Maharashtra, India
20°44′22″N 78°39′39″E / 20.739369°N 78.660699°E / 20.739369; 78.660699
Affiliations Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, Nashik

The Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences (MGIMS) is India’s first rural medical college, nestled in the karmabhoomi of Mahatma Gandhi, in Sevagram. It is managed by the Kasturba Health Society. The college was earlier affiliated to the Nagpur University (1969–1997) and from year 1998 it is now affiliated to the Maharashtra University of Health Sciences (MUHS), Nashik.[1] In the spirit of its Founder, the Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram today is committed to the pursuit of professional excellence by evolving an integrated pattern of medical education and it seeks to provide accessible and affordable health care primarily to underprivileged rural communities.


The institute is located in Sevagram, a small village about 8 km from the city of Wardha. It is well connected with other parts of the country by rail and road links.


Main article: History of MGIMS

The MGIMS was born in 1969, the Gandhi centenary year. It is the first rural medical college in India. It was started by Dr Sushila Nayyar. The institute takes pride in the fact that its Kasturba Hospital, started in 1944, is the only hospital started by the Father of the Nation himself.[2]


The courses offered by the institute are[2]

  • M.D./M.S.
  • Diploma courses in Medicine and Surgery


The institute enrolls 100 students every year.[2] Half of them are from the state of Maharashtra and the other half come from the rest of India. The institute has special reservations for students from rural areas of the country. The institute holds its own premedical test(PMT) examination, which includes a multiple choice questions test on Physics, Chemistry and Biology and a special theory paper on Gandhian Thoughts.[2] The students are selected on the basis of the marks obtained in these exams.

Postgraduate courses[edit]

The institute offers Post graduate training in almost all important disciplines of medical science. Admission to these course is based on merit based on the 4 year of undergraduation marks, no post ug test is conducted.

In order to be eligible for the Post Graduate seat in the institute, the student must undergo 2 years of rural service. The institute has numerous centers all across India where students can work as Medical Officers.

Medical services[edit]

Kasturba Hospital[edit]

Main article: Kasturba Hospital

The Kasturba Hospital was started in 1945 by Sushila Nayar, close associate of Gandhi and his personal physician. It is a 770-bed hospital (and is to become a 1000-bed hospital), located in Sevagram, about 8 km from Wardha town, and offers tertiary care healthcare facilities to rural patients.


To conduct facility- as well as community-based research in areas like maternal, neonatal, and child health care, infectious diseases, nutritional illnesses, lifestyle disorders etc.

To explore traditional systems of Indian medicine.

Lead center for State Level Monitoring of ICDS[edit]

The Department of Community Medicine has been designated the lead center for State Level Monitoring of ICDS activities in Maharashtra. Dr BS Garg, Dr Subodh S Gupta and Dr PR Deshmukh have been appointed State ICDS Consultants. They monitored the activities of ICDS in six districts of Maharashtra during the year 2008–09; viz. Wardha, Yavatmal, Amravati, Chandrapur, Akola, and Buldhana. They also coordinated the monitoring of ICDS activities throughout the state conducted by selected medical colleges identified for this purpose.

Clinical Epidemiology Unit[edit]

The Clinical Epidemiology Unit was expanded to include more members after it got approved by IndiaCLEN. The Clinical Epidemiology Unit started its first activity with a capacity building program of its members. The unit has also started an orientation program for all the new post-graduate students who take admission at MGIMS, Sevagram.

Life at Campus[edit]

Medical Orientation Camp[edit]

The newly admitted students spend 15 days in the Sevagram Ashram for the orientation to the Gandhian way of life. They follow the Ashram rules during these days. Some activities include Shramdan and spinning khadi. There are lectures from people from various runs of life.[2]

First Professional[edit]

The students study the subjects of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry in the first year as per the MCI guidelines.

Social Service camp[edit]

Every batch of medical students is allotted a small village from around Wardha. The students stay in that village for 15 days. Each student is allotted a certain number of families. He is responsible for the health concerns of all its members. The students spend this time giving health information to their families. They also learn a great deal about the real problems of the rural masses. The villagers are all given a free health checkup and are investigated for basic infections like malaria and filaria.

The students continue to visit this village for 3 years, once every month.

Second Professional[edit]

The second professional lasts for a year and half. The students are supposed to study Pharmacology, Pathology, Microbiology and Forensic Medicine. With the start of the second professional, the clinical postings also start.

Re-Orientation to Medical Education Camp[edit]

The Re-Orientation to Medical Education or ROME camp is held at the end of second professional. It was previously held at the Kasturba Rural Health Training Center (KRHTC) at Aanji. Since 2008, it is being held at Rural Health Training center (RHTC) at Bhidi. This is a 15-day exercise where students learn aspects of Public Health and get hands on experience of the rural India.

Third Professional[edit]

The third professional is two years long, and is divided into two parts.

Part I[edit]

This lasts for 1 year. The students study Ophthalmology, ENT and Preventive Medicine

Part II[edit]

This is the last academic year. The students study medicine (including dermatology and psychiatry), surgery (including orthopaedics), obstetrics & gynaecology and paediatrics.


If the student passes the final professional, he is awarded a provisional degree in Medicine and Surgery. He is supposed to undergo 1 year of rotational internship to qualify for the MBBS degree.

Gandhian Principles[edit]

The institute is unique in following the Gandhian Principles.


All the students and staff wear khadi. It brings about a unique rich culture in the Institute.

Shram Daan[edit]

The staff and the students participate in shram daan.


The institute follows a strict vegetarianism policy


Alcohol consumption is prohibited in the Institute.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ M.U.H.S. College Information
  2. ^ a b c d e Information from MGIMS's Official website

External links[edit]