Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park

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Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park (M.G.M.N.P)
IUCN category II (national park)
Location Andaman Islands, India
Nearest city Wandur
Area 281.5 km2 (108.7 sq mi)
Established 1983
Labyrinth Islands
Nickname: North Mahatma Gandhi Islands
Labyrinth Islands is located in Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Labyrinth Islands
Labyrinth Islands
Location of Labyrinth Islands
Geography
Location Bay of Bengal
Coordinates 11°32′N 92°36′E / 11.53°N 92.60°E / 11.53; 92.60Coordinates: 11°32′N 92°36′E / 11.53°N 92.60°E / 11.53; 92.60
Archipelago Andaman Islands
Adjacent bodies of water Indian Ocean
Total islands 17
Major islands
  • Boat
  • Red Skin    
Area 29.043 km2 (11.214 sq mi)land area
Highest elevation 78 m (256 ft)[1]
Highest point mount Tarmugli
Administration
District South Andaman
Island group Andaman Islands
Island sub-group Rutland Archipelago
Tehsil Port Blair Tehsil
Largest settlement
Jolly Buoy Beach
Demographics
Demonym Hindi
Population 0 (2011)
Pop. density 0.00 /km2 (0 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Hindu, Andamanese
Additional information
Time zone
PIN 744103[2]
Telephone code 031927 [3]
Official website www.andamans.gov.in/Brochures/ef/MGMNP.pdf
Census Code 35.639.0004
Official Languages Hindi, English

Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park is a national park of India near Wandoor on the Andaman Islands. It belongs to the South Andaman administrative district, part of the Indian union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.[4]

History[edit]

The park was created 24 May 1983 under the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 to protect marine life such as the corals and nesting sea turtles prevalent in the area. It was placed under the protection of the Chief Wildlife Warden of the forest department of the Andaman & Nicobar Islands.[5]

Geography[edit]

There are 2 major island groups in the park: the Labyrinth Islands and the Twin Islands The islands are situated 16 km (10 mi) south from Port Blair. The marine park covers 281.5 km² made up of 17 islands and the open sea creeks running through the area. There is a chance for ecotourism on the islands Jolly Buoy and Red Skin [6][7][8] The islands belongs to the Rutland Archipelago and are located between Rutland Island and South Andaman Island.

Ecosystems[edit]

Most of the coral reefs in the park are fringing reefs. The type and composition of vegetation varies from island to island. Most notably there you can see a difference between the tourist islands which suffer more anthropocentric change and others which do not. There are also some islands more isolated or protected from the effects of weather in the Bay of Bengal. Tarmugli, the largest island, is covered with thick mangrove vegetation, sand covered beaches, uprooted trees and sheet rocks.[9] Twin Islands are an important breeding ground for turtles within the park.

List of Islands[edit]

Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park has some 20 islands and rocks.

  Island Sobriquet type Location Area
(hectares)
Coastline (km) Length (km) Width (km) elevation (m)
1 Alexandra island 11°34′36″N 92°36′38″E / 11.57667°N 92.61056°E / 11.57667; 92.61056 408.8 9.3 2.5 2.00 0.00
2 Bell island 11°34′08″N 92°33′57″E / 11.56889°N 92.56583°E / 11.56889; 92.56583 6.7 1 0.38 0.21 0.00
3 Boat island 11°31′35″N 92°33′38″E / 11.52639°N 92.56056°E / 11.52639; 92.56056 247.6 7.71 2.7 1.3 27.00
4 Chester island 11°33′06″N 92°35′10″E / 11.55167°N 92.58611°E / 11.55167; 92.58611 6.6 1.00 0.33 0.33 0.00
5 Grub island 11°33′06″N 92°35′10″E / 11.55167°N 92.58611°E / 11.55167; 92.58611 2.3 0.7 0.13 0.25 24.00
6 Hobday island 11°32′40″N 92°36′42″E / 11.54444°N 92.61167°E / 11.54444; 92.61167 367.80 10.50 3.23 1.91 0.00
7 Jolly Buoy island 11°30′26″N 92°36′41″E / 11.50722°N 92.61139°E / 11.50722; 92.61139 18.80 2.50 1.10 0.20 45.00
8 Malay island 11°31′48″N 92°36′12″E / 11.53000°N 92.60333°E / 11.53000; 92.60333 80.20 4.25 1.71 0.61 68.00
9 Pluto island 11°33′06″N 92°35′10″E / 11.55167°N 92.58611°E / 11.55167; 92.58611 13.3 1.81 0.75 0.22 49.00
10 Red Skin island 11°33′00″N 92°35′30″E / 11.55000°N 92.59167°E / 11.55000; 92.59167 428.20 12.39 4.9 1.4 46.00
11 Riflemen island 11°30′50″N 92°38′40″E / 11.51389°N 92.64444°E / 11.51389; 92.64444 2.40 0.70 0.27 0.15 0.00
12 Snob island 11°35′55″N 92°34′27″E / 11.59861°N 92.57417°E / 11.59861; 92.57417 17.65 2.18 0.96 0.26 75.00
13 Tarmugli island 11°34′30″N 92°33′00″E / 11.57500°N 92.55000°E / 11.57500; 92.55000 1216.70 20.00 5.5 3.8 78.00
14 West Twin island 11°33′06″N 92°35′10″E / 11.55167°N 92.58611°E / 11.55167; 92.58611 38.70 0.00 0.00 0.00 48.00
15 East Twin island 11°33′06″N 92°35′10″E / 11.55167°N 92.58611°E / 11.55167; 92.58611 20.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 44.00
16 North Hobday island 11°33′30″N 92°36′30″E / 11.55833°N 92.60833°E / 11.55833; 92.60833 17.80 1.93 0.00 0.00 0.00
17 ? island 11°33′38″N 92°35′55″E / 11.56056°N 92.59861°E / 11.56056; 92.59861 0.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
18 ? island 11°32′22″N 92°35′02″E / 11.53944°N 92.58389°E / 11.53944; 92.58389 10.10 1.77 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park Islands Archipelago 11°32′22″N 92°35′02″E / 11.53944°N 92.58389°E / 11.53944; 92.58389 2904.5       0.00

Administration[edit]

Politically, all islands are part of Port Blair Taluk.[10]

Demographics[edit]

The islands are on uninhabited land, but there is a population of 7300 living in 10 adjacent villages (Mainly Manglutan and Wandur)

Image gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sailing Directions (enroute) | India and the Bay of Bengal" (PDF) (173). National Geospatial-intelligence Agency, United States Government. 2014. Retrieved 2016-09-23. 
  2. ^ "A&N Islands - Pincodes". 22 September 2016. Retrieved 22 September 2016. 
  3. ^ "STD Codes of Andaman and Nicobar". allcodesindia.in. Retrieved 2016-09-23. 
  4. ^ "Village Code Directory: Andaman & Nicobar Islands" (PDF). Census of India. Retrieved 2011-01-16. 
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ [2]
  7. ^ Jolly Buoy info
  8. ^ red skin island
  9. ^ Tarmugli
  10. ^ "DEMOGRAPHIC – A&N ISLANDS" (PDF). andssw1.and.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-09-23.