Mahaut, Countess of Artois

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Mahaut of Artois
suo jure Countess of Artois
Spouse(s) Otto IV, Count of Burgundy
Noble family House of Artois
Father Robert II, Count of Artois
Mother Amicie de Courtenay
Born 1268
Died 28 October 1329
Paris, France

Mahaut of Artois (1268 – October 28, 1329, Paris), also known as Mathilda, was the only daughter, and eldest child of Robert II, Count of Artois, and Amicie de Courtenay.


Her paternal grandparents were Robert I, Count of Artois, and Matilda of Brabant. Her maternal grandparents were Pierre de Courtenay, Seigneur de Conches, and Perronelle de Joigny.[1]

Seal of Mahaut, Countess of Artois


  1. Philip of Artois (1269–1298). Married Blanche de Dreux, daughter of John II, Duke of Brittany, by whom he had five children.
  2. Robert of Artois (born 1271). Died young.

Marriage and issue[edit]

In 1291,[1] Mahaut married Otho IV, Count of Burgundy, to whom she bore three children, including two girls who married kings of France:

Because of the premature death of her brother Philip in 1298, she inherited the County of Artois at her father's death in 1302, rather than her nephew Robert (her inheritance being based upon proximity of blood). Although he repeatedly challenged the decision, her rights to the county were consistently upheld. She was an able administrator and managed to defeat the many rebellions perpetrated by members of the nobility. Her senior administrator was the Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Arras, Thierry de Hérisson.[2] Upon her death in 1329, the county was inherited by her daughter Joan II, Countess of Burgundy (d. 1329), who was married to Philip V of France.

Arms of the County of Artois

In fiction[edit]

Mahaut of Artois is a major character in Les Rois maudits (The Accursed Kings), a series of historical novels by Maurice Druon. Druon describes her as the poisoner of Louis X and his baby child, to be later poisoned the same way by her female servant, who originally helped with the King's poisoning. She was portrayed by Hélène Duc in the 1972 French miniseries adaptation of the novels, and by by Jeanne Moreau in the 2005 remake.



  1. ^ a b Burke's Peerage
  2. ^ Small, Carola M. (1990). "Messengers in the County of Artois, 1295-1329". Canadian Journal of History 25 (2): 163–175. Retrieved Aug 15, 2012. 
Mahaut, Countess of Artois
Born: 1268 Died: 28 October 1329
Preceded by
Robert II
Countess of Artois
Succeeded by
Joan II