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Mahdzir Khalid

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Mahdzir Khalid
محاضر خالد
Mahdzir in 2016
Minister of Rural Development
In office
30 August 2021 – 24 November 2022
Prime MinisterIsmail Sabri Yaakob
DeputyAbdul Rahman Mohamad
Hasbi Habibollah
Preceded byAbdul Latiff Ahmad
Succeeded byAhmad Zahid Hamidi
(Minister of Rural and Regional Development)
ConstituencyPadang Terap
Minister of Education
In office
29 July 2015 – 9 May 2018
MonarchsAbdul Halim
Muhammad V
Prime MinisterNajib Razak
DeputyP. Kamalanathan
Chong Sin Woon
Preceded byMuhyiddin Yassin
Succeeded byMaszlee Malik
ConstituencyPadang Terap
Deputy Minister of Energy, Green Technology and Water
In office
16 May 2013 – 29 July 2015
MonarchAbdul Halim
Prime MinisterNajib Razak
MinisterMaximus Ongkili
Preceded byNoriah Kasnon
Succeeded byJames Dawos Mamit
ConstituencyPadang Terap
9th Menteri Besar of Kedah
In office
29 December 2005 – 9 March 2008
MonarchAbdul Halim
Preceded bySyed Razak Syed Zain Barakbah
Succeeded byAzizan Abdul Razak
Member of the
Kedah State Executive Council
(Agriculture, Rural Development and Co-operatives)
In office
28 March 2004 – 29 December 2005
MonarchAbdul Halim
Menteri BesarSyed Razak Syed Zain Barakbah
Preceded byZainol Md Isa
(Agriculture, Rural Development)
Syed Razak Syed Zain Barakbah
Succeeded byHimself
Shuib Saedin
(Rural Development, Co-operatives)
Chairman of the
Tenaga Nasional Berhad
In office
12 May 2020 – 1 October 2021
MinisterTengku Zafrul Aziz
Chief Executive OfficerAmir Hamzah Azizan
Preceded byAhmad Badri Mohd Zahir
Succeeded byHasan Arifin
Member of the Malaysian Parliament
for Padang Terap
In office
5 May 2013 – 19 November 2022
Preceded byMohd Nasir Zakaria
Succeeded byNurul Amin Hamid
Majority4,442 (2013)
1,099 (2018)
Member of the Kedah State Legislative Assembly
for Pedu
In office
21 March 2004 – 5 May 2013
Preceded byWan Jaafar Wan Ahmad
Succeeded byKama Noriah Ibrahim
Majority1,899 (2004)
2,733 (2008)
State Chairman of the
United Malays National Organisation of Kedah
Assumed office
22 March 2023
PresidentAhmad Zahid Hamidi
DeputyAbdul Azeez Abdul Rahim
Preceded byJamil Khir Baharom
Vice President of the
United Malays National Organisation
In office
30 June 2018 – 18 March 2023
Serving with
Ismail Sabri Yaakob &
Mohamed Khaled Nordin
PresidentAhmad Zahid Hamidi
(2018, 2019–2023)
Mohamad Hasan (Acting) (2018–2019)
Preceded byShafie Apdal
Succeeded byJohari Abdul Ghani
Faction represented in Dewan Rakyat
2013–2022Barisan Nasional
Faction represented in Kedah State Legislative Assembly
2004–2013Barisan Nasional
Personal details
Mahdzir bin Khalid

(1960-12-15) 15 December 1960 (age 63)
Kampung Atong, Pokok Sena, Kedah, Federation of Malaya (now Malaysia)
Political partyUnited Malays National Organisation (UMNO)
Other political
Barisan Nasional (BN)
SpouseNoraini Abdullah
Mahdzir Khalid on Parliament of Malaysia

Mahdzir bin Khalid (Jawi: محاضر بن خالد; born 15 December 1960[1]) is a Malaysian politician and teacher who served as the Minister of Rural Development in the Barisan Nasional (BN) administration under former Prime Minister Ismail Sabri Yaakob from August 2021 to the collapse of BN administration in November 2022, Minister of Education, Deputy Minister of Energy, Green Technology and Water in the BN administration under former Prime Minister Najib Razak and former Minister Maximus Ongkili from May 2013 to the collapse of the BN administration in May 2018, Chairman of the Tenaga Nasional Berhad (TNB) from May 2020 to October 2021, Member of Parliament (MP) for Padang Terap from May 2013 to November 2022, the 9th Menteri Besar of Kedah from December 2005 to March 2008, Member of the Kedah State Executive Council (EXCO) from March 2004 to his promotion to Menteri Besar in December 2005 and Member of the Kedah State Legislative Assembly (MLA) for Pedu from March 2004 to May 2013. He is a Member of the Supreme Council and Division Chief of Padang Terap of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), a component party of the BN coalition. He has also served as the State Chairman of UMNO of Kedah since March 2023. He also served as the Vice President of UMNO from June 2018 to his defeat in the party elections in March 2023.

Political career[edit]

Mahdzir started his political career as a staffer and in 1999 became the political secretary to Deputy Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi.[1] In 2004 he was elected to the Kedah State Legislative Assembly for the rural seat of Pedu. In December 2005 he became the state's Chief Minister after his predecessor, Syed Razak Syed Zain Barakbah, resigned because of ill health. Mahdzir had been acting in the position since July 2005.[2]

Mahdzir's tenure as Menteri Besar came to an end after his BN Kedah state government was defeated in the 2008 election by the Pakatan Rakyat (PR) opposition coalition led by the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS).[3] Mahdzir became Barisan Nasional's opposition leader in the state assembly before moving to federal parliament in the 2013 election, winning the seat of Padang Terap from PAS. After the election he was appointed Deputy Minister for Energy, Green Technology and Water in the government of Prime Minister Najib Razak.[4]

Over a period of about 17 months between 2015 and 2017, as Minister of Education, Mahdzir was pressured to award a contract for the provision of electricity to rural Sarawak schools to Jepak Holdings.[5][6]

Jepak Holdings[edit]

In late 2015, Saidi Bin Abang Samsudin and Rayyan Radzwill bin Abdullah proposed to the Ministry of Education that it award their company, Jepak Holdings Sdn Bhd, a contract to replace other contractors for the provision of maintenance of diesel electric generators at rural and interior Sarawak schools and install a hybrid solar voltaic system for RM1.25 billion.[5][6]

As Minister of Education, Mahdzir did not favour the proposal as the ministry's technical experts doubted Jepak's expertise and the ministry had already planned to connect some of the schools to the electricity grid. Saidi and Rayyan then sought the assistance of Rosmah Mansor, wife of Prime Minister Najib Razak, to effect the contract. Saidi and Rayyan agreed to pay Rosmah 15% of the contract sum, or RM187.5 million, for her help. In December 2016, Rosmah called Mahdzir to urge him to award the contract. Eventually, the ministry signed a contract with Jepak in June 2017. In September 2022, Rosmah was convicted in the High Court of Malaya of bribery in relation to the Jepak contract.[5][6][7]

Election results[edit]

Kedah State Legislative Assembly[8][9][10][11][12]
Year Constituency Candidate Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
2004 N08 Pedu Mahdzir Khalid (UMNO) 7,684 56.26% Wan Jaafar Wan Ahmad (PAS) 5,785 42.36% 13,657 1,899 87.29%
2008 Mahdzir Khalid (UMNO) 8,780 57.76% Zamri Yusuf (PKR) 6,047 39.78% 15,200 2,733 87.53%
2023 Mahdzir Khalid (UMNO) 8,024 35.79% Mohd Radzi Md Amin (PAS) 14,397 64.21% 22,581 6,373 78.94%
Parliament of Malaysia[8]
Year Constituency Candidate Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
2013 P007 Padang Terap, Kedah Mahdzir Khalid (UMNO) 20,654 55.66% Mohd Nasir Zakaria (PAS) 16,202 43.69% 37,904 4,442 90.33%
2018 Mahdzir Khalid (UMNO) 16,384 42.09% Khairizal Khazali (AMANAH) 7,254 18.64% 39,932 1,099 85.61%
Mohd Azam Abd Aziz (PAS) 15,285 39.27%
2022 Mahdzir Khalid (UMNO) 17,258 35.49% Nurul Amin Hamid (PAS) 28,217 58.03% 49,341 10,959 81.31%
Muaz Abdullah (AMANAH) 2,702 5.56%
Razali Lebai Salleh (PEJUANG) 452 0.93%



  1. ^ a b Habibu, Sira (24 December 2005). "Sultan consents to Mahdzir as Kedah Mentri Besar". The Star. Retrieved 12 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Mahdzir takes over as new Kedah Menteri Besar". Daily Express (Malaysia). 23 December 2005. Archived from the original on 3 June 2011. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
  3. ^ "Waking up to new politics". The Star. Star Publications (Malaysia). 10 March 2008. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
  4. ^ "The complete list of Ministers and Deputy Ministers in Najib's new Cabinet". ABN News. 15 May 2013. Archived from the original on 2 November 2014. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
  5. ^ a b c Mazlan, Mohamed Zaini (1 September 2022). "Grounds of Decision, High Court of Malaya, Public Prosecutor v. Rosmah binti Mansor" (PDF). The Star.
  6. ^ a b c "Rosmah verdict: Ex-PM's wife sentenced to 10 years' jail, fined RM970mil". The Star. Retrieved 4 September 2022.
  7. ^ Latiff, Rozanna (1 September 2022). "Malaysia's former first lady Rosmah sentenced to 10 years in jail for graft". Reuters. Retrieved 4 September 2022.
  8. ^ a b "Keputusan Pilihan Raya Umum Parlimen/Dewan Undangan Negeri". Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 11 May 2013. Percentage figures based on total turnout, excluding informal votes.
  9. ^ "Malaysia General Election". undiinfo Malaysian Election Data. Malaysiakini. Retrieved 11 March 2017. Results only available from the 2004 election.
  10. ^ "KEPUTUSAN PILIHAN RAYA UMUM 13". Sistem Pengurusan Maklumat Pilihan Raya Umum (in Malay). Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
  11. ^ "my undi : Kawasan & Calon-Calon PRU13 : Keputusan PRU13 (Archived copy)". www.myundi.com.my. Archived from the original on 31 March 2014. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
  12. ^ "Keputusan Pilihan Raya Umum ke-13". Utusan Malaysia. Archived from the original on 21 March 2018. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
  13. ^ "Carian Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat". eservices.kedah.gov.my.
  14. ^ "2006 Sultan of Kedah honour's list". The Star. 24 January 2006. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  15. ^ "Sultanah leads honours list". The Star. 16 July 2008. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  16. ^ "DPM tops Perak honours list". The Star. 19 April 2003. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
Political offices
Preceded by Menteri Besar of Kedah
Succeeded by