Mahendrapala

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This article is about the King Mahendrapala of the Pala dynasty. For Gurjara-Pratihara king, see Mahenderpal I.
Mahendrapala
Indian Kanauj triangle map.svg
Pala empire with neighbours
Reign c. 845-860
Predecessor Devapala
Successor Shurapala I
Dynasty Pala
Father Devapala
Mother Mahata Devi

Mahendrapala (r. c. 845-860[1]) was the fourth king of the Pala dynasty of the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent. He was the son of Devapala and his queen Mahata.[2]

Mahendrapala has been mentioned in some Pala records, but earlier, the historians used to believe that these mentions referred to the Gurjara-Pratihara king Mahendrapala I. However, the discovery of the Jagjivanpur copper plate charter issued by Mahendrapala made it clear that he was a distinct Pala emperor, who succeeded Devapala.[3] The charter, issued in the 7th year of Mahendrapala's reign (believed to be 854 CE), mentions the construction of a monastery at Nandadirghika Udranga by Mahendrapala's mahasenapati ("great general") Vajradeva.[4] The grant is dated in his 7th regnal year and issued from the Kuddalakhataka jayaskandhavara (the camp of victory).[5]

Mahendrapala was succeeded by Shurapala I.[6] According to the Jagjivanpur inscription, Shurapala I was Mahendrapala's younger brother and royal envoy.[7]

Mahendrapala appears to have retained the Pala control over Bengal and Bihar.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dilip Kumar Ganguly (1994). Ancient India, History and Archaeology. Abhinav. p. 41. ISBN 978-81-7017-304-5. 
  2. ^ Dimensions of Human Cultures in Central India: Professor S.K. Tiwari Felicitation Volume. Sarup & Sons. 2001. p. 239. ISBN 978-81-7625-186-0. 
  3. ^ Debala Mitra; Gouriswar Bhattacharya (1991). Akṣayanīvī: Essays Presented to Dr. Debala Mitra in Admiration of Her Scholarly Contributions. Sri Satguru Publications. ISBN 978-81-7030-275-9. 
  4. ^ Bengal museum to reconstruct excavated Buddhist site
  5. ^ "Jagjivanpur, A newly discovered Buddhist site in west Bengal". Information & Cultural Affairs Department, Government of West Bengal website. Archived from the original on August 9, 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  6. ^ Paresh Chandra Das Gupta; Asok Kumar Datta (1 January 1991). Studies in Archaeology: Papers Presented in Memory of P.C. Dasgupta. Books & Books. ISBN 978-81-85016-29-0. 
  7. ^ a b Niharranjan Ray; Brajadulal Chattopadhyaya (1 January 2000). A Sourcebook of Indian Civilization. Orient Blackswan. pp. 621–623. ISBN 978-81-250-1871-1. 
Preceded by
Devapala
Pala Emperor
9th century
Succeeded by
Shurapala I