Mahi River

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the Mahi
MAHI RAILWAY BRIDGE SEVALIYA-5.jpg
Location
CountryIndia
Physical characteristics
Source 
 - locationMadhya pradesh, Vindhyas
MouthGulf of Khambhat (Arabian Sea)
 - location
Anand District, Gujarat
Length580 km (360 mi)approx.
Discharge 
 - locationSevalia[1]
 - average383 m3/s (13,500 cu ft/s)
 - minimum0 m3/s (0 cu ft/s)
 - maximum10,887 m3/s (384,500 cu ft/s)
The Mahi River near Gujarat among other Indian rivers

The Mahi is a river in western India. It rises in Madhya Pradesh and, after flowing through the Vagad region of Rajasthan, enters Gujarat and flows into the Arabian Sea. It is one of the many west-flowing rivers in India, along with Tapti River, Sabarmati River, Luni River (Endorheic river) and the Narmada River. Most peninsular rivers in India flow in an easterly direction into the Bay of Bengal.

It has given its name to the Mahi Kantha agency of Bombay, and also to the mehwasis, marauding highlanders often mentioned in Arabian chronicles.[2]

The exact position of Mahi River origin is Minda Village, which is situated in Dhar district Madhya Pradesh.

Mahi River, stream in western India. It rises in the western Vindhya Range, just south of Sardarpur, and flows northward through Madhya Pradesh state. Turning northwest, it enters Rajasthan state and then turns southwest to flow through Gujarat state through the north of Vadodara city outskirts and enters the sea by a wide estuary past Khambhat[2] after about a 360-mile (580-km) course. The silt brought down by the Mahi has contributed to the shallowing of the Gulf of Khambhat and the abandonment of its once-prosperous ports. The riverbed lies considerably lower than the land level and is of little use for irrigation.

The river Mahi is worshipped by a lot of people and has a lot of temples and places of worship along its shore. It is popularly described as Mahisagar due to the vastness of the river. The newly formed Mahisagar district in Gujarat derives its name from this pious river.

Dam[edit]

Banswara Dam[edit]

Mahi Bajaj Sagar Dam is a dam across the Mahi River. It is situated 16 kilometres from Banswara town in Banswara district Rajasthan, India. The dam was constructed between 1972 and 1983 for the purposes of hydroelectric power generation and water supply. It is the second largest dam in Rajasthan. It is named after Shri Jamnala Bajaj. It has many crocodiles and turtles in it. There are large number of islands within the catchment area of the dam, so Banswara also called popularly called as "City of Hundred Islands".The dam is easily accessible by road.The dam has an installed capacity of 140 MW. The Mahi river flowing into the Gulf of Khambhat is on the verge of extinction due to pollution and salinity. Fisherfolk and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) of Vadodara, Gujarat, blame the construction of bunds on the Mahi by the Vadodara Municipal Corporation for the situation. "The bunds constructed to collect water have stopped the surface movement of the river," say the NGO's. Consequently, the river is facing an intrusion of saline water from sea as there is no surface flow to push the seawater back during a low tide. "The groundwater in many areas might become saline due to this. in the past year 2016 around 600-800 turtles have died because of the excess salinity in the water. The Mahi river is in a very bad state now."

Kadana Dam[edit]

it was built in 1979 in the villages of Kadana, Tal: Santrampur Dist: Panchmahals, Gujarat. It was constructed to provide irrigation, hydropower and flood protection.[3]

Wanakbori dam[edit]

The Wanakbori dam is established near Wanakbori village. The Wanakbori thermal power station uses the water of river mahi. There are 7 units for the production electricity.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mahi Basin Station: Sevalia". UNH/GRDC. Retrieved 2013-10-01.
  2. ^ a b Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Mahi" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 17 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 396.
  3. ^ "Narmada, Water Resources, Water Supply and Kalpsar Department- Kadana Dam".

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°16′N 72°58′E / 22.267°N 72.967°E / 22.267; 72.967