Mahindra Scorpio

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Mahindra Scorpio
Mahindra scorpio Nashik.jpg
Mahindra Scorpio
Overview
ManufacturerMahindra
Also calledMahindra Goa (Europe)
Mahindra Marshal (Russia)
ProductionJune 2002–present
AssemblyNasik, Maharashtra, India[1]
6th of October City, Egypt (BAG)[2]
Montevideo, Uruguay (Nordex)
Body and chassis
ClassSport utility vehicle
Body styleMid-size SUV
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Front engine, four-wheel-drive
RelatedMahindra Scorpio Getaway
Mahindra Bolero
Mahindra Xylo
Mahindra TUV300
Powertrain
Engine2.1L MPI Renault I4 petrol
2.2L MPI mHawk Turbo I4 petrol[3]
2.2L DW12 mHawk I4 diesel
2.5L XD3TE TDI I4 diesel
2.5L XD3TE CRDe I4 diesel
2.6L TDI I4 diesel
2.6L TDI CRDe I4 diesel[4]
Transmission5-speed manual
6-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase105.5 in (2,680 mm)
Length176.9 in (4,493 mm)
Width71.5 in (1,816 mm)
Height77.8 in (1,976 mm)
Curb weight4,012 lb (1,820 kg) (2WD)
4,230 lb (1,920 kg) (4WD)

The Mahindra Scorpio is an SUV manufactured by Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd. It was the first SUV from the company built for the global market.

The Scorpio was conceptualized and designed by the in-house integrated design and manufacturing team of M&M. The car has been the recipient of three prestigious Indian awards: the "Car of the Year" award from Business Standard Motoring as well as the "Best SUV of the Year" and the "Best Car of the Year" awards, both from BBC World Wheels.[5]

Development[edit]

Prior to the mid-1990s, Mahindra & Mahindra was an automobile assembly company. The company manufactured Willys Jeeps and its minor modified versions, with modifications carried out in India. In 1996, the company planned to enter the SUV segment with a new product which could compete globally. Since M&M did not have the technical knowhow to handle such an ambitious product, they devised an entirely new concept among Indian auto companies. Roping in new executives who had worked in the auto industry in western countries, such as Pawan Goenka and Alan Durante.

Mahindra Scorpio Getaway, the pick-up version

The new Mahindra Scorpio SUV had all of its major systems designed directly by suppliers, with the only inputs from Mahindra being design, performance specifications and program cost. The design and engineering of the systems were carried out by suppliers, as well as testing, validation and materials selection. Sourcing and engineering locations were also chosen by suppliers. The parts were later assembled in a Mahindra plant under the Mahindra badge, being a well-known brand in India. Using this method, the company was able to build from scratch a new vehicle with virtually 100 percent supplier involvement from concept to reality, at a cost of Rs 600 crore ($120 million),[6] including improvements to the plant. The project took five years to move from concept to final product. The cost was estimated in 2002 to be Rs 550 crore.[7]

History[edit]

Introduction (2002-2008)[edit]

The Mahindra Scorpio was launched in India on 20 June 2002. Soon after the success of the Scorpio, Mahindra launched an upgraded Scorpio with plush seats and rear centre arm rest, dual tone exterior colour and various minor changes.

First facelift (2008-2014)[edit]

In April 2006, the company launched an upgraded Scorpio, dubbing it the 'All-New' Scorpio. At the Auto Expo 2006 in Delhi, Mahindra also showcased their future plans on the Scorpio model by showcasing a hybrid Scorpio with CRDe engine and a Scorpio based on a pickup truck . The hybrid, the first such vehicle developed in India, was developed by Arun Juara, a former employee of Ford. His senior, Pawan Goenka, a former engineer at GM, heads Mahindra's automotive division and oversees the Scorpio project. In June 2007, Mahindra launched a pick-up version in India known as the Scorpio Getaway. On 21 September 2008, Mahindra launched their latest Scorpio with a 6-speed automatic transmission.

On 14 April 2008, Mahindra revealed a concept of a diesel-electric hybrid version of their Scorpio SUV at the 2008 SAE World Congress.[8]

2008 facelift Mahindra Scorpio

The upgraded Mahindra Scorpio Getaway, launched in Australia in mid-2009, received additional safety features to the Indian model such as ABS brakes and airbags in an attempt to raise its rating to a minimum of 3 stars from the current 2 star ANCAP rating. The 2012 model scored 6.6 points out of a possible 16, giving it a 3-star ANCAP rating.[9]

Second facelift (2014-present)[edit]

The 3rd generation of the Scorpio was launched on 25 September 2014 with redesigned front and rear fascias and a new dashboard.[10] A revised automatic variant of the Scorpio was launched in 2015.

mHawk Engine[edit]

The mHawk Diesel engine holds a capacity of 2.2 L with 4 cylinders that delivers 120 PS (118 bhp; 88 kW) to 140 PS (138 bhp; 103 kW) of power and 290 N⋅m (214 lb⋅ft) to 320 N⋅m (236 lb⋅ft) of torque. The mHawk employs a top-mounted intercooler to improve turbocharger efficiency. The engine is based on the Bosch Common Rail system with solenoid injectors and fuel spray design that improves fuel efficiency. The mHawk is equipped with a two chain drive stage system and hydraulic lash adjusters.

A variable geometry turbocharger controls the boost. The compressed air is cooled by intercooler which is mounted upstream of the turbocharger. The compression ratio ranges from 16.5:1 to 18.5:1.

Specifications[edit]

  • Engine: Top mounted intercooler, mHawk CRDe, 4 Stroke, Turbo charged, DI
  • Cubic Capacity: 2179cc
  • Max. Gross power: 120 bhp (89 kW) @ 4000 rpm
  • Max. Gross torque: 280 N⋅m (210 lbf⋅ft) @ 1800-2800 rpm
  • Gear Box: 5 speed manual and 6 speed automatic
  • Tyres: P235/65 R17, Radial Tubeless
  • Front Brakes: Disc & Caliper type, Twinpod & Tandem booster (with anti-lock braking system)
  • Rear Brakes: Drum Type
  • Fuel Tank Capacity: 60 l (13 imp gal; 16 US gal)
  • Fuel Type: Diesel
  • Turning circle radius: 5.4 m (18 ft) for 2WD

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mahindra Corporate". Mahindra.com. 8 February 1981. Retrieved 24 October 2009.
  2. ^ "Bavarian Auto Group". Bag-eg.com. 9 April 2010. Archived from the original on 22 July 2010. Retrieved 3 September 2011.
  3. ^ Chauhan, Yatharth (29 July 2018). "Mahindra Scorpio curiosity". Cartoq.com. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  4. ^ "New Mahindra Scorpio 2.6 CRDe common rail". Economictimes.indiatimes.com. 19 March 2009. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  5. ^ ""Mahindra Scorpio Suv & Pik-up Range Launched in Brazil"". Web.archive.org. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 January 2011. Retrieved 29 January 2011.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "The Hindu Business Line : Rs 20-cr ad spend to add sting to Scorpio". Thehindubusinessline.in. 29 June 2002. Retrieved 3 September 2011.
  8. ^ Wojdyla, Ben (14 April 2008). "Indian Mahindra Scorpio Diesel-Electric Hybrid SUV: First Pictures Of First Indian Hybrid - 2008 SAE". Jalopnik. Retrieved 24 October 2009.
  9. ^ "Crash Test Results Mahindra Pikup 2012" (PDF). Australasian New Car Assessment Program. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 June 2013. Retrieved 18 June 2013.
  10. ^ "Angry Young SUV – Mahindra Scorpio 2014 Facelift". thecarwallpapers.com. theCARwallpapers.com. Retrieved 28 September 2014.

External links[edit]