Abdul-Rauf while playing in Japan.
March 9, 1969 |
|Listed height||6 ft 0 in (1.83 m)|
|Listed weight||160 lb (73 kg)|
|High school||Gulfport (Gulfport, Mississippi)|
|NBA draft||1990 / Round: 1 / Pick: 3rd overall|
|Selected by the Denver Nuggets|
|2003–2004||Ural Great (Russia)|
|2004–2005||Sedima Roseto (Italy)|
|2006–2007||Aris BC (Greece)|
|2007–2008||Al-Ittihad (Saudi Arabia)|
|2009–2011||Kyoto Hannaryz (Japan)|
|Career highlights and awards|
|Career NBA statistics|
|Points||8,553 (14.6 ppg)|
|Rebounds||1,087 (1.9 rpg)|
|Assists||2,079 (3.5 apg)|
|Stats at Basketball-Reference.com|
Mahmoud Abdul-Rauf (born Chris Wayne Jackson on March 9, 1969) is an American former professional basketball player. Abdul-Rauf played basketball for Gulfport High School before enrolling to Louisiana State University to play college basketball for the Tigers.
His nine-year NBA career, spent with the Denver Nuggets, Sacramento Kings and Vancouver Grizzlies, was marked by an appearance in the Slam Dunk Contest as well as by one of the most accurate free-throw shooting records ever. Considered one of the greatest free-throw shooters in the history of the game, Abdul-Rauf missed the all time free-throw shooting NBA season record by only a single miss in the 1993–94 season. He sparked controversy for refusing to stand for the national anthem, and calling the flag of the United States a symbol of oppression. After his NBA career, he played in multiple leagues around the world.
Early life and career
Abdul-Rauf was born in Gulfport, Mississippi, the son of Jacqueline Jackson. He was raised in a single-parent family, along with his two brothers, Omar and David. His childhood was characterized by poverty, as there was times that he and his brothers were not able to have proper nutrition. Abdul-Rauf missed the fourth grade and, later on, he was placed in special education classes. He suffered from a moderate form of Tourette syndrome, a condition that went undiagnosed until he was 17. Abdul-Rauf managed to overcome difficulties to become a basketball prodigy for Gulfport High School. In his senior season in high school he averaged 29.9 points and 5.7 assists per game and was called up to the McDonald's All-American Game. He was also named Mississippi Mr. Basketball twice, in 1987 and 1988.
Abdul-Rauf was a standout freshman for LSU scoring 48 points against Louisiana Tech, in just his third game for the school. He set the record in scoring for a freshman with 53 points against Florida. On March 4, 1989 he scored 55 against Ole Miss to break his own record, also setting career-high for three pointers made with 10. In the same game Ole Miss's Gerald Glass scored 53, making their 108 combined points the most ever by two players in a SEC game  He appeared in 32 games in his freshman season, setting the NCAA record for points by a freshman (965) and points per game by a freshman (30.2). He was named SEC Player of the Year and First-team All-Americans. In his sophomore season, he produced similar numbers with his scoring average slightly falling to 27.8 per game. On February 10, 1990 he tied his career-high for three pointers made, while finishing the game with 49 points. He was named SEC Player of the Year and First-team All-American for a second year in a row.
Abdul-Rauf was selected with the third pick in the 1990 NBA draft by the Denver Nuggets. In his first season in the NBA he was selected in the All-Rookie Second Team. Despite the fact that he never dunked in an actual game, he participated in the 1993 NBA Slam Dunk Contest, after Nuggets president and general manager Bernie Bickerstaff sent NBA league officials a tape of Abdul-Rauf showcasing his dunking ability. Abdul-Rauf led the league in free throw percentage in the 1993–94 and 1995–96 seasons. He played with Denver until 1996, and was a key player on that team, winning the NBA Most Improved Player Award in 1993. In November 1995 he scored 30 points and a career-high 20 assists against the Phoenix Suns. On December 8, 1995 Abdul-Rauf posted a career-high 51 points against the Utah Jazz. In June 1996 he was traded to the Sacramento Kings in a deal that involved six players and three teams.
In 1998 Abdul-Rauf signed a two-year, $3.4 million contract with Fenerbahçe of the Turkish Basketball League. He left the club without finishing the season, stating he would retire from basketball due to loss of interest in the game. After not playing for the entire 1999–00 season he signed for to the Vancouver Grizzlies in August 2000. In December 2003 Abdul-Rauf signed for Ural Great of the Russian Basketball Super League. In 2004 he signed for Italian Serie A club Sedima Roseto. Averaging 18.4 points and 2.2 assists per game in the 2004–05 season he signed a contract with Udine in July 2005, but he was left out for the whole season due to a torn achilles tendon. For the 2006-07 season, he came out of retirement for the third time in his career to play for Aris Thessaloniki. In November 2007 he signed a contract with Al-Ittihad of the Saudi Basketball League. In August 2009 he signed for bj league team Kyoto Hannaryz. He averaged 17.9 points in 38 games in his first season in Japan. In July 2010, he resigned with Kyoto Hannaryz for the 2010–11 season.
NBA career statistics
|GP||Games played||GS||Games started||MPG||Minutes per game|
|FG%||Field goal percentage||3P%||3-point field goal percentage||FT%||Free throw percentage|
|RPG||Rebounds per game||APG||Assists per game||SPG||Steals per game|
|BPG||Blocks per game||PPG||Points per game||Bold||Career high|
|Led the league|
In 1991 he converted to Islam and changed his name from Chris Jackson to his current one in 1993. He is the father of five children. After his basketball career was over, Abdul-Rauf moved to Atlanta, since his house in his hometown was burned to the ground in 2001.
National anthem controversy
Abdul-Rauf is perhaps best known for the controversy created when he refused to stand for "The Star-Spangled Banner" before games, stating that the flag was a symbol of oppression and that the United States had a long history of tyranny. He said that standing to the national anthem would therefore conflict with his Islamic beliefs. On March 12, 1996, the NBA suspended Abdul-Rauf one game for his refusal to stand. Two days later, the league was able to work out a compromise with him, whereby he would stand during the playing of the national anthem but could close his eyes and look downward. He usually silently recited Islamic Prayer during this time.
In an apparent publicity stunt linked to this controversy, four employees of Denver's KBPI radio station were charged with misdemeanor offenses related to entering a Colorado mosque and playing "The Star-Spangled Banner" on a bugle and trumpet, in a provocative response to Abdul-Rauf's refusal to stand for the national anthem. Like Abdul-Rauf, the dee-jays were briefly suspended but ultimately they publicly apologized and reconciled with the mosque community. 
The anthem controversy in 1996 made Abdul-Rauf the first professional athlete to be punished in relation to conduct during the national anthem since the two US Olympic sprinters who had raised “black power” fists in 1968. 
- SEC Player of the year winners
- List of NBA season free throw percentage leaders
- List of converts to Islam from Christianity
- List of American Muslims
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- NBA career statistics for Mahmoud Abdul-Rauf at the Wayback Machine (archived December 7, 2001)
- NBA biography at the Wayback Machine (archived December 7, 2000)
- By the Dawn's Early Light: Chris Jackson's Journey to Islam documentary film
- BASKET ARIS Unofficial fans site dedicated to ARIS B.C.
- "The Conversion of Chris Jackson," 5280, October 2007
- Kyoto Hannaryz-Mahmoud Abdul-Rauf- (Japanese)
- Mahmoud Abdul-Rauf collected news and commentary at The New York Times
- NBA Legend Mahmoud Abdul Rauf Conversion Story