Mahmoud Hessabi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Mahmoud Hessabi
Mahmoud Hessabi
Senator from Tehran
In office
22 January 1950 – 9 May 1961
Appointed by Mohammad Reza Shah
Minister of Culture and Higher Education
In office
6 May 1951 – 16 July 1952
Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh
Preceded by Karim Sanjabi
Succeeded by Mehdi Azar
Personal details
Born (1903-02-23)23 February 1903
Tehran, Iran
Died 3 September 1992(1992-09-03) (aged 89)
Geneva, Switzerland
Resting place Tafresh, Iran
Nationality Iranian
Alma mater American University of Beirut, Sorbonne, École Superieure d'Electricité
Occupation scientist

Sayyed Mahmoud Hessabi (or Hessaby, Persian: سید محمود حسابی‎, February 23, 1903 – September 3, 1992) was an Iranian nuclear physicist and senator[1] He was the Minister of Education for Iran in the cabinet of Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh from 1951 to 1952.[2]


Hessaby was born in Tehran to the family of Abbas and Goharshad Hessabi. His family's hometown is Tafresh, Central Iran.[3] At the age of four, his family moved to Beirut where the young Hessaby attended primary school. He was still in secondary school when World War I started prompting the closure of his school; Hessaby continued his studies at home and in 1922, he earned a degree in road engineering from the American University of Beirut. After briefly working for the Ministry of Roads, Beirut, Hessabi traveled to Paris for further education, he was awarded a degree in electrical engineering at the École Superieure d'Electricité and later a doctorate degree in 1927. In Paris, he worked Aime Cotton.[4]

In Tehran, Hessabi was affiliated with the University of Tehran and organized the science and engineering faculties of the university, he was a teacher of Alenush Terian while she studied at the university.[5] In June 1951, Hessabi was appointed to a three-man provincial board of the Iranian oil company, the designated successor of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company. In December, 1951, he replaced Karim Sanjaby as education minister.[1] Between 1961 and 1969, Hessabi was Iran's representative on the Scientific and Technical Subcommittee, United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space.

Selected works[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Iran Bank Fights Drain on Exchange: Opening of Credit Abroad for Imports Suspended in Step to Protect Currency". New York Times. New York. December 5, 1951. 
  2. ^ Alexander, Yonah; Nanes, Allan S. (1980). The United States and Iran: A Documentary History. Aletheia Books. p. 244. ISBN 9780890933787. 
  3. ^ "Iranian Personalities: Professor Mahmoud Hessaby". Iran Chamber Society. 
  4. ^ Tarikhi, Parviz (2014). The Iranian Space Endeavor: Ambitions and Reality. Springer. p. 47. 
  5. ^ Talebian, Mohammad; Talebian, Ehsan (2012). "Alenush Terian: The Iranian Solar Mother". Physics in Perspective. 14 (2): 239–241. Bibcode:2012PhP....14..239T. doi:10.1007/s00016-012-0085-x. 

External links[edit]