|Senator from Tehran|
22 January 1950 – 9 May 1961
|Appointed by||Mohammad Reza Shah|
|Minister of Culture and Higher Education|
6 May 1951 – 16 July 1952
|Prime Minister||Mohammad Mosaddegh|
|Preceded by||Karim Sanjabi|
|Succeeded by||Mehdi Azar|
|Born||23 February 1903|
|Died||3 September 1992 (aged 89)|
|Resting place||Tafresh, Iran|
|Alma mater||American University of Beirut, Sorbonne, École Superieure d'Electricité|
Sayyed Mahmoud Hessabi (or Hessaby, Persian: سید محمود حسابی, February 23, 1903 – September 3, 1992) was an Iranian nuclear physicist and senator He was the Minister of Education for Iran in the cabinet of Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh from 1951 to 1952.
Hessaby was born in Tehran to the family of Abbas and Goharshad Hessabi. His family's hometown is Tafresh, Central Iran. At the age of four, his family moved to Beirut where the young Hessaby attended primary school. He was still in secondary school when World War I started prompting the closure of his school; Hessaby continued his studies at home and in 1922, he earned a degree in road engineering from the American University of Beirut. After briefly working for the Ministry of Roads, Beirut, Hessabi traveled to Paris for further education, he was awarded a degree in electrical engineering at the École Superieure d'Electricité and later a doctorate degree in 1927. In Paris, he worked Aime Cotton.
In Tehran, Hessabi was affiliated with the University of Tehran and organized the science and engineering faculties of the university, he was a teacher of Alenush Terian while she studied at the university. In June 1951, Hessabi was appointed to a three-man provincial board of the Iranian oil company, the designated successor of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company. In December, 1951, he replaced Karim Sanjaby as education minister. Between 1961 and 1969, Hessabi was Iran's representative on the Scientific and Technical Subcommittee, United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space.
- Hessaby M. (1947). "Continuous Particles". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 33 (6): 189–194. Bibcode:1947PNAS...33..189H. doi:10.1073/pnas.33.6.189. PMC 1079021. PMID 16588741.
- Hessaby M. (May 1948). "Theoretical Evidence for the Existence of a Light-Charged Particle of Mass Greater than That of the Electron". Phys. Rev. 73 (9=): 1128. Bibcode:1948PhRv...73.1128H. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.73.1128.
- Mahmoud Hessabi museum
- Physics Society of Iran
- List of contemporary Iranian scientists, scholars, and engineers
- List of Iranian senators
- Markazi Province
- "Iran Bank Fights Drain on Exchange: Opening of Credit Abroad for Imports Suspended in Step to Protect Currency". New York Times. New York. December 5, 1951.
- Alexander, Yonah; Nanes, Allan S. (1980). The United States and Iran: A Documentary History. Aletheia Books. p. 244. ISBN 9780890933787.
- "Iranian Personalities: Professor Mahmoud Hessaby". Iran Chamber Society.
- Tarikhi, Parviz (2014). The Iranian Space Endeavor: Ambitions and Reality. Springer. p. 47.
- Talebian, Mohammad; Talebian, Ehsan (2012). "Alenush Terian: The Iranian Solar Mother". Physics in Perspective. 14 (2): 239–241. Bibcode:2012PhP....14..239T. doi:10.1007/s00016-012-0085-x.
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