Mahmoud Reda

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Mahmoud Reda
Born(1930-03-18)18 March 1930[1]
Died10 July 2020(2020-07-10) (aged 90)
OccupationChoreographer, dancer
Former groupsReda Troupe

Mahmoud Reda (Arabic: محمود رضا‎; 18 March 1930 – 10 July 2020) was an Egyptian dancer and choreographer, best known for co-founding the Reda Troupe, and Olympic gymnast.

Early life[edit]

Reda was born in Cairo, Egypt. He was the eighth of ten children and his father was the head librarian at Cairo University. His elder brother Ali was a dancer and through his influence (and that of Gene Kelly and Fred Astaire films), Mahmoud became interested in dance.[2] He originally trained as a gymnast, representing Egypt in the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki.[3] He attended Cairo University where he received a degree in political economics.[4] However, his main interest was dance and he joined an Argentinian dance troupe after graduating and toured Europe.[5][6] While on tour in Paris he resolved to start his own dance troupe back in Egypt, but due to lack of funds he had to work as an accountant for Royal Dutch Shell. He joined the Heliolido Club in Cairo, where he met Anglo-Egyptian baladi dancer Farida Fahmy, who became his dancing partner. After the two performed in the Soviet Union in 1957, they decided to start a folk dancing troupe in Egypt with Ali Reda.[7]

The Reda Troupe[edit]

When the Reda brothers and Fahmy founded the state-sponsored[8] Reda Troupe in 1959 it consisted of only twelve dancers and twelve musicians. Reda's choreography combined traditional Egyptian folk dances with Western styles like ballet.[9] Reda later described his style:

when you bring them, the real folkloric dancers, put them on stage, they look odd, they look strange. Their costumes, they don't know where to look, they don't know, and if they do their things, it's very monotonous. So what I call my choreography is not folkloric. It's inspired by the folkloric. There is like 90% extra put on the dance.[5]

Due to the social connections of Fahmy and her family, the normally stigmatized profession of dance was deemed acceptable by Cairo society and both men and women attended performances by the troupe.[10]

Although the Reda Troupe was well known in Cairo society, initially it was not in Egypt as a whole. That changed in 1961, however, when Mahmoud Reda and Fahmy starred in the film Igazah nisf as-sinah along with the rest of the troupe. Directed by Ali Reda, the film was responsible for popularizing the Reda Troupe among ordinary Egyptians.[7] The team followed this success with Gharam fi al-karnak in 1967. In 1970, the troupe appeared in a third film Harami El-Waraqa. Reda stepped down as the principal dancer of the troupe in 1972, but still continued choreographing and directing performances. By this time, the troupe had grown to one hundred and fifty dancers, musicians and stage crew. Under Reda's direction, the Reda Troupe toured the world, giving performances at Carnegie Hall, and in China.[11] They went on five international tours during his tenure, performing for various world leaders.[12] In 1990, Reda retired as director of the Reda Troupe.[11]

Later life[edit]

After his retirement, Reda continued to teach dance workshops in Egypt and internationally. His former students include Keti Sharif, Randa Kamel[13] and Dina Talaat.[14]

Personal life[edit]

Reda married Farida Fahmy's elder sister Nadeeda Fahmy in 1955. She served as the costume designer for the Reda Troupe until her death from rheumatic heart disease in 1960.[5] His second wife was a Yugoslavian ballet dancer, with whom he had a daughter, Shereen.[5][15]

He died on 10 July 2020, aged 90.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Herbert, Ian; LeClercq, Nicole; International Theatre Institute (2000). The World of Theatre 2000: An Account of the Theatre Seasons 1996–97, 1997–98 and 1998–99. Taylor & Francis. p. 292. ISBN 0415238668.
  2. ^ Barbara Sellers-Young (2016). Belly Dance, Pilgrimage and Identity. Springer. p. 130.
  3. ^ Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill; et al. "Mahmoud Mohamed Reda Olympic Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 18 April 2020. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
  4. ^ "وفاة الفنان المصري محمود رضا أسطورة الفنون الشعبية". aawsat.com (in Arabic). 10 July 2020.
  5. ^ a b c d Carolina Varga Dinicu (August 2005). "Interview with Mahmoud Reda". Gilded Serpent. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  6. ^ International Student Conference (1961). "ISC The Student Vol 5". The Student (volume 5).
  7. ^ a b Zuhur, Sherifa (1998). Images of enchantment: visual and performing arts of the Middle East. American University in Cairo Press. pp. 274–277. ISBN 977-424-467-2.
  8. ^ Shay, Anthony (Summer 2003). "Rev. of 'Daughter of Egypt: Farima Fahmy and the Reda Troupe' by Marjorie A. Franken". Dance Research Journal. 35 (1): 111–114. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  9. ^ Montague, James (13 January 2010). "Mahmoud Reda: Egypt's answer to Fred Astaire". CNN. Archived from the original on 7 July 2012. Retrieved 29 February 2012.
  10. ^ Shay, Anthony (2002). Choreographic politics: state folk dance companies, representation, and power. Wesleyan University Press. p. 153. ISBN 0-8195-6521-0.
  11. ^ a b "Pioneer of Egyptian folk dancing Mahmoud Reda dies aged 89". Ahram Online. 10 July 2020. Retrieved 11 July 2020.
  12. ^ Viltis. 48. International Institute of Wisconsin. 1989. p. 10.
  13. ^ "Randa Kamel". BBC News. 7 September 2009. Retrieved 29 February 2012.
  14. ^ "Genting Stint For belly Dancer". New Sunday Times. 12 August 2001. p. 10. Retrieved 29 February 2012.
  15. ^ "شيرين رضا: ورثت جمالى عن أمى". newsgateeg.com (in Arabic). 7 July 2019.
  16. ^ "وفاة الفنان محمود رضا أشهر مصمم رقصات مصرى عن عمر يناهز 90 عاما". youm7.com (in Arabic). 10 July 2020.