Mahmud al-Alusi

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Abū al-Thanā’ Shihāb ad-Dīn Maḥmūd al-Ḥusaynī al-Ālūsī
أبو الثناء شهاب الدين محمودالحسيني الآلوسي
Titleal-Ālūsī Al-Kabīr (The Grand Ālūsī)
Born10 December 1802
Baghdad, Baghdad Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
Died29 July 1854
Ethnicityarab
OccupationIslamic scholar, Mufti, Teacher, Writer
ReligionIslam
DenominationSunni Islam
JurisprudenceHanafi[1]
Notable work(s)Ruh al-Ma`ani

Abū al-Thanā’ Shihāb ad-Dīn Sayyid Maḥmūd ibn ‘Abd Allāh al-Ḥusaynī al-Ālūsī al-Baghdādī (Arabic: أبو الثناء شهاب الدين سيد محمود بن عبد الله بن محمود الحسيني الآلوسي البغدادي‎‎; 10 December 1802 – 29 July 1854) was an Arab Islamic scholar best known for writing Ruh al-Ma`ani, a tafsir (exegesis) of the Qur'an.

Biography[edit]

He was born in Baghdad on the day of Jumu`ah, 14 Sha`ban 1217 AH (Friday, 10 December 1802).[2] [3] He died on 5 Dhul-Q'dah, 1270 AH (29 July 1854)[2]

Works[edit]

An exhaustive list of all his works far to long and thus difficult to compile. Indexes in the British Library and the Below are a few examples:

  • Rūḥ al-ma‘ānī fī tafsīr al-Qur’ān al-‘aẓīm wa-al-sab‘ al-mathānī (روح المعاني في تفسير القرآن العظيم والسبع المثاني)
  • Nashwat al-shamūl fī al-safar ilā Islāmbūl (نشوة الشمول في السفر إلى إسلامبول)
  • Nashwat al-mudām fī al-‘awd ilá Madīnat al-Salām (نشوة المدام في العود إلي مدينة السلام)
  • al-Ajwibah al-‘Irāqīyah ‘alá al-as’ilah al-Lāhūrīyah (الأجوبة العراقية على الأسئلة اللاهورية)
  • al-Ajwibah al-‘Irāqīyah ‘an al-as’ilah al-Īrānīyah (الأجوبة العراقية عن الأسئلة الإيرانية)
  • Ghra'b al-'Ightirab (غرائب الإغتراب)
  • Daqaiq al-Tafsir (دقائق التفسير)
  • Sharh Sullam al-Mantiq (شرح سلم المنطق)
  • al-Tiraz al-Mudh-hab Fi Sharh Qasydat al-Baz al-Ash-hab (الطراز المذهب في شرح قصيدة الباز الأشهب)
  • al-Maqamat al-Alousiya (المقامات الآلوسية)

Legacy[edit]

Left a legacy of five sons: Sayid Abdullah Bha'uldin Al-Alousi, Sayid Sa'd Abdulbaqi Al-Alousi, Abu Albrakat Sayid Nu'man Khayruldin Al-Alousi, Sayid Mohammad Hamid Afandi and Sayid Ahmed Shakir Afandi[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Al-Alousi, Mahmoud Shukri (2016). "Allama Alusi" [Allama Alusi] (in Arabic). Baghdad.
  2. ^ a b Al-Alousi, Mahmoud Shukri (1930). Al-Jubouri, Abdullah, ed. المسك الأذفر [Almisk Aldhfar] (PDF) (in Arabic). Baghdad: Arab Encyclopaedia House. pp. 171–200.
  3. ^ al-Musawi, Muhsin J.; Khaldi, Boutheina (2010). الوافي في تراث العرب الثقافي : الأندلس والمشرق العربي منذ سقوط الخلافة العباسية / al-Wāfī fī turāth al-ʻArab al-thaqāfī : al-Andalus wa-al-mashriq al-ʻArabī mundhu suqūṭ al-khilāfah al-ʻAbbāsīyah [The Exhaustive in the Cultural Heritage of the Arabs : Andalusia and the Arab East since the fall of the Abbasid caliphate] (in Arabic) (1st ed.). Beirut: al-Markaz al-Thaqāfī al-ʻArabī.
  4. ^ Al-Alousi, Mahmoud Shukri (1930). Al-Jubouri, Abdullah, ed. المسك الأذفر [Almisk al-Adhfar] (in Arabic). Baghdad: Arab Encyclopaedia House. pp. 171–200.