Mahmud al-Alusi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Abū al-Thanā’ Shihāb ad-Dīn Maḥmūd al-Ḥusaynī al-Ālūsī
أبو الثناء شهاب الدين محمودالحسيني الآلوسي
Title al-Ālūsī Al-Kabīr (The Grand Ālūsī)
Born 10 December 1802
Baghdad, Baghdad Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
Died 29 July 1854
Ethnicity arab
Occupation Islamic scholar, Mufti, Teacher, Writer
Religion Islam
Denomination Sunni Islam
Jurisprudence Hanafi[1]
Notable work(s) Ruh al-Ma`ani

Abū al-Thanā’ Shihāb ad-Dīn Sayyid Maḥmūd ibn ‘Abd Allāh al-Ḥusaynī al-Ālūsī al-Baghdādī (Arabic: أبو الثناء شهاب الدين سيد محمود بن عبد الله بن محمود الحسيني الآلوسي البغدادي‎‎; 10 December 1802 – 29 July 1854) was an Arab Islamic scholar best known for writing Ruh al-Ma`ani, a tafsir (exegesis) of the Qur'an.

Biography[edit]

He was born in Baghdad on the day of Jumu`ah, 14 Sha`ban 1217 AH (Friday, 10 December 1802).[2] [3] He died on 5 Dhul-Q'dah, 1270 AH (29 July 1854)[2]

Works[edit]

An exhaustive list of all his works far to long and thus difficult to compile. Indexes in the British Library and the Below are a few examples:

  • Rūḥ al-ma‘ānī fī tafsīr al-Qur’ān al-‘aẓīm wa-al-sab‘ al-mathānī (روح المعاني في تفسير القرآن العظيم والسبع المثاني)
  • Nashwat al-shamūl fī al-safar ilā Islāmbūl (نشوة الشمول في السفر إلى إسلامبول)
  • Nashwat al-mudām fī al-‘awd ilá Madīnat al-Salām (نشوة المدام في العود إلي مدينة السلام)
  • al-Ajwibah al-‘Irāqīyah ‘alá al-as’ilah al-Lāhūrīyah (الأجوبة العراقية على الأسئلة اللاهورية)
  • al-Ajwibah al-‘Irāqīyah ‘an al-as’ilah al-Īrānīyah (الأجوبة العراقية عن الأسئلة الإيرانية)
  • al-Ajwibah al-‘Irāqīyah ‘an al-as’ilah al-Īrānīyah (الأجوبة العراقية عن الأسئلة الإيرانية)
  • Ghra'b al-'Ightirab (غرائب الإغتراب)
  • Dqa'q al-Tafs'ir (دقائق التفسير)
  • Sharh Sullam al-Mantiq (شرح سلم المنطق)
  • al-Tiraz al-Mudh-hab Fi Sharh Qasydat al-Baz al-Ash-hab (الطراز المذهب في شرح قصيدة الباز الأشهب)
  • al-Maqamat al-Alousiya (المقامات الآلوسية)

Legacy[edit]

Left a legacy of five sons: Sayid Abdullah Bha'uldin Al-Alousi, Sayid Sa'd Abdulbaqi Al-Alousi, Abu Albrakat Sayid Nu'man Khayruldin Al-Alousi, Sayid Mohammad Hamid Afandi and Sayid Ahmed Shakir Afandi[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Al-Alousi, Mahmoud Shukri (2016). "Allama Alusi" [Allama Alusi] (in Arabic). Baghdad.
  2. ^ a b Al-Alousi, Mahmoud Shukri (1930). Al-Jubouri, Abdullah, ed. المسك الأذفر [Almisk Aldhfar] (PDF) (in Arabic). Baghdad: Arab Encyclopaedia House. pp. 171–200.
  3. ^ al-Musawi, Muhsin J.; Khaldi, Boutheina (2010). الوافي في تراث العرب الثقافي : الأندلس والمشرق العربي منذ سقوط الخلافة العباسية / al-Wāfī fī turāth al-ʻArab al-thaqāfī : al-Andalus wa-al-mashriq al-ʻArabī mundhu suqūṭ al-khilāfah al-ʻAbbāsīyah [The Exhaustive in the Cultural Heritage of the Arabs : Andalusia and the Arab East since the fall of the Abbasid caliphate] (in Arabic) (1st ed.). Beirut: al-Markaz al-Thaqāfī al-ʻArabī.
  4. ^ Al-Alousi, Mahmoud Shukri (1930). Al-Jubouri, Abdullah, ed. المسك الأذفر [Almisk al-Adhfar] (in Arabic). Baghdad: Arab Encyclopaedia House. pp. 171–200.