Mahnomen County, Minnesota

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Mahnomen County, Minnesota
Mahnomen County Courthouse.jpg
Map of Minnesota highlighting Mahnomen County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
Founded27 December 1906
Named forOjibway word for wild rice
SeatMahnomen
Largest cityMahnomen
Area
 • Total583 sq mi (1,510 km2)
 • Land558 sq mi (1,445 km2)
 • Water25 sq mi (65 km2), 4.3%
Population (est.)
 • (2017)5,596
 • Density10.0/sq mi (3.9/km2)
Congressional district7th
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.co.mahnomen.mn.us

Mahnomen County (/məˈnmən/ mə-NOH-mən) is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 5,413.[1] Its county seat is Mahnomen.[2]

The county is part of the White Earth Indian Reservation.[3] It is the only county in Minnesota entirely within an Indian reservation. Mahnomen, East Polk, and Becker counties constitute one of northwestern Minnesota's biggest cattle-raising areas.

History[edit]

The county was created from the east half of Norman County on December 27, 1906, with Mahnomen, a former railway station town, as the county seat. The county was named for the town, the name of which is one spelling of the Ojibwe word for "wild rice".[4]

Geography[edit]

The Wild Rice River enters the county from Clearwater County and flows west through the central part of the county. The White Earth River originates from White Earth Lake on the county's southern border and flows northwest to its confluence with the Wild Rice near Mahnomen. The county terrain consists of low rolling hills, carved with drainages. The eastern part of the county is dotted with lakes and ponds and largely wooded. All non-wooded areas are devoted to agriculture where possible.[5] The county slopes to the west and north, with its highest point near the middle of the east border, at 1,768' (539m) ASL.[6] The county has a total area of 583 square miles (1,510 km2), of which 558 square miles (1,450 km2) is land and 25 square miles (65 km2) (4.3%) is water.[7] Mahnomen is one of 17 Minnesota savanna region counties with more savanna soils than either prairie or forest soils.

Soils of Mahnomen County[8]

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[5][edit]

  • Beaulife State Wildlife Management Area
  • Bejou State Wildlife Management Area
  • Budde Meadow State Wildlife Management Area
  • Dittmer State Wildlife Management Area
  • Foot State Wildlife Management Area
  • Hasselton State Wildlife Management Area (part)
  • Loncrace State Wildlife Management Area
  • Mahgre State Wildlife Management Area
  • Rush Lake State Wildlife Management Area
  • Santee Prairie Scientific and Natural Area
  • Wambach State Wildlife Management Area
  • Warren Lake State Wildlife Management Area

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19103,249
19206,19790.7%
19306,153−0.7%
19408,05430.9%
19507,059−12.4%
19606,341−10.2%
19705,638−11.1%
19805,535−1.8%
19905,044−8.9%
20005,1902.9%
20105,4134.3%
Est. 20175,596[9]3.4%
US Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2016[1]

2000 census[edit]

Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 US census data

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 5,190 people, 1,969 households, and 1,366 families in the county. The population density was 9.3/sqmi (3.59/km²). There were 2,700 housing units at an average density of 4.84/sqmi (1.87/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 62.85% White (3,262 people) 0.13% Black or African American (7 people), 28.55% Native American (1,482 people), 0.06% Asian (3 people), 0.31% from other races (16 people), and 8.09% (420 people) from two or more races. 0.89% of the population (46 people) were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 29.4% (1525 people) were of German and 17.0% (882 people) Norwegian ancestry.

There were 1,969 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.60% were married couples living together, 11.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.60% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.14.

The county population contained 29.20% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 23.50% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 16.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 102.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,053, and the median income for a family was $35,500. Males had a median income of $23,614 versus $21,000 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,438. About 11.80% of families and 16.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.30% of those under age 18 and 15.30% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated community[edit]

Townships[edit]

Politics[edit]

For several decades, Mahnomen County voters have tended to vote Democratic. Since 1980 the county selected the Democratic Party candidate in 6 of 9 national campaigns (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 47.5% 991 44.5% 930 8.0% 167
2012 39.9% 871 58.5% 1,276 1.6% 35
2008 36.0% 843 61.3% 1,436 2.7% 64
2004 45.1% 1,132 53.4% 1,339 1.5% 37
2000 50.5% 1,122 41.4% 921 8.1% 181
1996 39.7% 877 46.5% 1,026 13.9% 306
1992 35.8% 854 43.3% 1,035 20.9% 500
1988 44.6% 1,051 54.2% 1,277 1.3% 30
1984 51.1% 1,328 47.8% 1,241 1.1% 28
1980 48.4% 1,275 44.6% 1,175 7.0% 185
1976 34.6% 905 60.9% 1,590 4.5% 118
1972 46.3% 1,246 51.9% 1,397 1.8% 48
1968 34.3% 893 57.9% 1,508 7.8% 204
1964 24.7% 648 75.1% 1,967 0.2% 4
1960 32.0% 880 67.8% 1,864 0.2% 5
1956 36.6% 875 63.3% 1,513 0.2% 4
1952 45.9% 1,220 54.0% 1,436 0.2% 4
1948 20.9% 579 76.6% 2,125 2.6% 71
1944 33.1% 748 66.1% 1,494 0.8% 18
1940 35.1% 1,069 64.4% 1,959 0.5% 14
1936 18.0% 474 76.9% 2,025 5.1% 135
1932 12.8% 264 83.8% 1,734 3.4% 71
1928 29.9% 606 68.0% 1,378 2.1% 43
1924 33.7% 629 6.5% 122 59.8% 1,116
1920 72.0% 1,076 14.4% 215 13.7% 204
1916 36.4% 262 57.1% 411 6.5% 47
1912 10.9% 68 46.9% 293 42.2% 264
1908 53.6% 265 29.0% 143 17.4% 86

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  3. ^ "White Earth Indian Reservation" (US Census Bureau map)
  4. ^ Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. p. 321. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  5. ^ a b Mahnomen County MN Google Maps (accessed 18 April 2019)
  6. ^ "Find an Altitude/Mahnomen County MN" Google Maps (accessed 18 April 2019)
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  8. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 53-56. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  10. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 9 October 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°20′N 95°49′W / 47.33°N 95.81°W / 47.33; -95.81