Mahnomen County, Minnesota

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Mahnomen County
Mahnomen County Courthouse
Map of Minnesota highlighting Mahnomen County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 47°20′N 95°49′W / 47.33°N 95.81°W / 47.33; -95.81
Country United States
State Minnesota
FoundedDecember 27, 1906
Named forOjibway word for wild rice
SeatMahnomen
Largest cityMahnomen
Area
 • Total583 sq mi (1,510 km2)
 • Land558 sq mi (1,450 km2)
 • Water25 sq mi (60 km2)  4.3%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total5,411
 • Estimate 
(2021)
5,414 Increase
 • Density9.7/sq mi (3.7/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district7th
Websitewww.co.mahnomen.mn.us

Mahnomen County (/məˈnmən/ mə-NOH-mən) is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2020 census, the population was 5,411.[1] Its county seat is Mahnomen.[2]

The county is part of the White Earth Indian Reservation.[3] It is the only county in Minnesota entirely within an Indian reservation. Mahnomen, East Polk, and Becker counties constitute one of northwestern Minnesota's biggest cattle-raising areas.

History[edit]

The county was created from the east half of Norman County on December 27, 1906, with Mahnomen, a former railway station town, as the county seat. The county was named for the town, the name of which is one spelling of the Ojibwe word for "wild rice".[4]

Geography[edit]

The Wild Rice River enters the county from Clearwater County and flows west through the central part of the county. The White Earth River originates from White Earth Lake on the county's southern border and flows northwest to its confluence with the Wild Rice near Mahnomen. The county terrain consists of low rolling hills, carved with drainages. The eastern part of the county is dotted with lakes and ponds and largely wooded. All non-wooded areas are devoted to agriculture where possible.[5] The county slopes to the west and north, with its highest point near the middle of the east border, at 1,825' (556m) ASL.[6] The county has an area of 583 square miles (1,510 km2), of which 558 square miles (1,450 km2) is land and 25 square miles (65 km2) (4.3%) is water.[7] Mahnomen is one of 17 Minnesota savanna region counties with more savanna soils than either prairie or forest soils.

Soils of Mahnomen County[8]

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[5][edit]

  • Beaulife State Wildlife Management Area
  • Bejou State Wildlife Management Area
  • Budde Meadow State Wildlife Management Area
  • Dittmer State Wildlife Management Area
  • Foot State Wildlife Management Area
  • Hasselton State Wildlife Management Area (part)
  • Loncrace State Wildlife Management Area
  • Mahgre State Wildlife Management Area
  • Rush Lake State Wildlife Management Area
  • Santee Prairie Scientific and Natural Area
  • Wambach State Wildlife Management Area
  • Warren Lake State Wildlife Management Area

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19103,249
19206,19790.7%
19306,153−0.7%
19408,05430.9%
19507,059−12.4%
19606,341−10.2%
19705,638−11.1%
19805,535−1.8%
19905,044−8.9%
20005,1902.9%
20105,4134.3%
20205,4110.0%
2021 (est.)5,414[9]0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2020[1]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 census data

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 census, there were 5,190 people, 1,969 households, and 1,366 families in the county. The population density was 9.3/sqmi (3.59/km2). There were 2,700 housing units at an average density of 4.84/sqmi (1.87/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 62.85% White (3,262 people) 0.13% Black or African American (7 people), 28.55% Native American (1,482 people), 0.06% Asian (3 people), 0.31% from other races (16 people), and 8.09% (420 people) from two or more races. 0.89% of the population (46 people) were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 29.4% (1525 people) were of German and 17.0% (882 people) Norwegian ancestry.

There were 1,969 households, out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.60% were married couples living together, 11.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.60% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.14.

The county population contained 29.20% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 23.50% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 16.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 102.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,053, and the median income for a family was $35,500. Males had a median income of $23,614 versus $21,000 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,438. About 11.80% of families and 16.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.30% of those under age 18 and 15.30% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated community[edit]

Townships[edit]

Government and Politics[edit]

For several decades, Mahnomen County voters have tended to vote Democratic. As of 2020 the county has selected the Democratic candidate in six of the past nine presidential elections.

United States presidential election results for Mahnomen County, Minnesota[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 1,142 49.57% 1,112 48.26% 50 2.17%
2016 991 47.46% 930 44.54% 167 8.00%
2012 871 39.92% 1,276 58.48% 35 1.60%
2008 843 35.98% 1,436 61.29% 64 2.73%
2004 1,132 45.14% 1,339 53.39% 37 1.48%
2000 1,122 50.45% 921 41.41% 181 8.14%
1996 877 39.70% 1,026 46.45% 306 13.85%
1992 854 35.75% 1,035 43.32% 500 20.93%
1988 1,051 44.57% 1,277 54.16% 30 1.27%
1984 1,328 51.14% 1,241 47.79% 28 1.08%
1980 1,275 48.39% 1,175 44.59% 185 7.02%
1976 905 34.63% 1,590 60.85% 118 4.52%
1972 1,246 46.30% 1,397 51.91% 48 1.78%
1968 893 34.28% 1,508 57.89% 204 7.83%
1964 648 24.74% 1,967 75.11% 4 0.15%
1960 880 32.01% 1,864 67.81% 5 0.18%
1956 875 36.58% 1,513 63.25% 4 0.17%
1952 1,220 45.86% 1,436 53.98% 4 0.15%
1948 579 20.86% 2,125 76.58% 71 2.56%
1944 748 33.10% 1,494 66.11% 18 0.80%
1940 1,069 35.14% 1,959 64.40% 14 0.46%
1936 474 18.00% 2,025 76.88% 135 5.13%
1932 264 12.76% 1,734 83.81% 71 3.43%
1928 606 29.90% 1,378 67.98% 43 2.12%
1924 629 33.69% 122 6.53% 1,116 59.78%
1920 1,076 71.97% 215 14.38% 204 13.65%
1916 262 36.39% 411 57.08% 47 6.53%
1912 68 10.88% 293 46.88% 264 42.24%
1908 265 53.64% 143 28.95% 86 17.41%


County Board of Commissioners[15]
Position Name District Next Election
Commissioner and Vice Chair Darvin Schoenborn District 1 2020
Commissioner Scott McCollum District 2 2022
Commissioner and Chairperson Larry Olson District 3 2020
Commissioner Karen Ahmann District 4 2022
Commissioner David Geray District 5 2020
State Legislature (2018-2020)
Position Name Affiliation District
  Senate Paul Utke[16] Republican District 2
  House of Representatives Steve Green[17] Republican District 2B
U.S Congress (2018-2020)
Position Name Affiliation District
  House of Representatives Michelle Fischbach[18] Republican 7th
  Senate Amy Klobuchar[19] Democrat N/A
  Senate Tina Smith[20] Democrat N/A

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Mahnomen County, Minnesota". www.census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 3, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "White Earth Indian Reservation" (United States Census Bureau map)
  4. ^ Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. p. 321. Retrieved April 18, 2019.
  5. ^ a b Mahnomen County MN Google Maps (accessed April 18, 2019)
  6. ^ ""Find an Altitude/Mahnomen County MN" Google Maps (accessed April 18, 2019)". Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved April 18, 2019.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  8. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 53-56. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021". Retrieved April 3, 2022.
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  15. ^ "Meet Your Commissioners". co.mahnomen.mn.us. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
  16. ^ "MN State Senate". www.senate.mn. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
  17. ^ "Rep. Steve Green (02B) - Minnesota House of Representatives". www.house.leg.state.mn.us. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
  18. ^ "Representative Michelle Fischbach". fischbach.house.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2021.
  19. ^ "U.S. Senator Amy Klobuchar". www.klobuchar.senate.gov. Retrieved June 24, 2020.
  20. ^ "Home". Senator Tina Smith. Retrieved June 24, 2020.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°20′N 95°49′W / 47.33°N 95.81°W / 47.33; -95.81