Mahonia oiwakensis

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Mahonia oiwakensis
Mahonia oiwakensis.jpg
Mahonia oiwakensis
Mahonia oiwakensis 1.jpg
Flowers of Mahonia oiwakensis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Berberidaceae
Genus: Mahonia
Species: M. oiwakensis
Binomial name
Mahonia oiwakensis
Hayata
Synonyms[2][3][4]

Mahonia oiwakensis is a species of plant in the barberry family, Berberidaceae. It is native to China (Taiwan, Guizhou, Hong Kong, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang (Tibet) and Yunnan) and Myanmar, where it occurs at elevations of 600 to 3800 m.[2] It has recently been found naturalized in South Africa.[5]

Nomenclature[edit]

This species has long been known by the name Mahonia lomariifolia, published by Takeda in 1917.[6] Under that name, it was considered to occur only in mainland China, while on Taiwan, a second species was found, known as M. oiwakensis. Modern taxonomic sources unite the two as a single species,[2] but as the latter name was published a year earlier by Hayata,[7] it has priority and is thus the accepted name. In recognition of the morphological differences between the Taiwanese and mainland Chinese plants, Shaw[8] recognized the two as subspecies of Mahonia oiwakensis: M. oiwakensis subsp. oiwakensis in Taiwan and M. oiwakensis subsp. lomariifolia in mainland China. In addition, a plant collected in Yunnan with especially narrow leaflets was described as a new variety: Mahonia oiwakensis subsp. lomariifolia var. tenuifoliola.[8]

Description[edit]

Mahonia oiwakensis is a shrub or tree up to 7 m tall. Leaves are up to 45 cm long, compound with 12-20 pairs of leaflets plus a larger terminal one, dark green above, yellow-green below. The inflorescence is a fascicled raceme up to 25 cm long. The berries are egg-shaped, dark blue, sometimes almost black, up to 8 mm long.[2][7]

Hybrids[edit]

Mahonia oiwakensis subsp. lomariifolia is one parent of the important garden hybrid Mahonia x media, which includes popular cultivars such as 'Charity', 'Winter Sun' and 'Lionel Fortescue' (the other parent is Mahonia japonica).[9] It is also a parent of the cultivar 'Arthur Menzies', though with Mahonia bealei as the other parent.[10] In the wild in Taiwan, M. oiwakensis subsp. oiwakensis appears to hybridize with wild Mahonia japonica.[8]

M. oiwakensis subsp. lomariifolia has gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.[11][12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pan, F.J. 1998. Mahonia oiwakensis. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 22 August 2007.
  2. ^ a b c d Flora of China v 19 p 774,
  3. ^ Tropicos
  4. ^ The Plant List
  5. ^ Jaca, T. P. 2017. Chinese hollygrape (Mahonia oiwakensis): newly detected weed. South African Plant Invaders Atlas (SAPIA) News 45:2-3. Last accessed February 15, 2018, from http://www.arc.agric.za/ARC%20Newsletters/SAPIA%20NEWS%20No.%2045,%20July%202017.pdf.
  6. ^ Takeda, Hisayoshi (1917). "Contributions to the Knowledge of the Old World Species of the Genus Mahonia". Notes from the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh. 6(29–30): 209–248 – via Biodiversity Heritage Library. 
  7. ^ a b Hayata, Bunzo (1916). "Contributions to the Flora of Formosa". Icones plantarum formosanarum nec non et contributiones ad floram formosanam. 6: 1–163 – via Biodiversity Heritage Library. 
  8. ^ a b c Shaw, Julian (2011). "Developments in Mahonia" (PDF). The Plantsman (New Series). 10: 44–49. 
  9. ^ Brickell, C.D. (1979). "The hybrids between Mahonia japonica and M. lomariifolia". The Plantsman. 1: 12–20. 
  10. ^ Witt, J.A. (1967). "Mahonia 'Arthur Menzies'". Arboretum Bulletin Washington. Spring: 14–15. 
  11. ^ "RHS Plantfinder - Mahonia oiwakensis subsp. lomariifolia". Retrieved 1 April 2018. 
  12. ^ "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 62. Retrieved 25 March 2018.