Brother of Jared
||This article uncritically uses texts from within a religion or faith system without referring to secondary sources that critically analyze them. (December 2010) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|Part of a series on the|
|Book of Mormon|
|Prophets and people|
|Historical authenticity and criticism|
In the Book of Mormon, the brother of Jared is the most prominent person in the account given in the beginning (chapters 1–6) of the Book of Ether. Moriancumer (//) is the name of the place where Jared and the people he was traveling with (later to be called Jaredites) settled for a time. Some years after the publication of the Book of Mormon, Joseph Smith was residing in Kirtland, Ohio when Reynolds Cahoon had a son. One day when Smith was passing his door, Cahoon called him in and asked Smith to bless and name the baby. Smith did so and gave the boy the name of Mahonri Moriancumer. When Smith finished the blessing, he laid the child on the bed told Cahoon that the "name I have given your son is the name of the brother of Jared; the Lord has just shown [or revealed] it to me." William F. Cahoon heard Smith make this statement to his father; and this was the first time the name of the brother of Jared was known in the church in this dispensation” (George Reynolds, “The Jaredites,” Juvenile Instructor, 1 May 1892, 282).
In the Book of Mormon
Tower of Babel
According to the Book of Ether, Jared and his brother were present at the Tower of Babel. When the language of the people was confounded, Jared asked his brother to ask God not to confound their own language, that of their friends, and that of their immediate families.
Land of Moriancumer
After being granted to have their language not confounded, they asked to be led to where the Lord would have them go, hoping that it would be a choice land. They were led through the wilderness, across many waters, to the "great sea which divides the lands", and then dwelt in tents at the seashore for four years. They named this place where they had (temporarily) settled Moriancumer. The account relates that after four years, the Lord came to the brother of Jared and "chastened him because he remembered not to call upon the name of the Lord."
Journey to the Promised Land
The brother of Jared was then instructed to build "barges" or boats. After building the boats, the brother of Jared worried about how the insides of the boats would be lit during their journey across the sea.
The Lord told the brother of Jared he should figure out a way to light the boats, and so the brother of Jared produced sixteen stones from molten rock, two for each ship, and they were white and clear, just like transparent glass. The brother of Jared then asked the Lord to touch each stone he had made so they would shine in the darkness. The Lord touched each stone with his finger.
The brother of Jared watched as the Lord did this and fell to the ground in fear. Jesus revealed to the brother of Jared that he had seen his spirit even as he would appear in the flesh (his premortal spirit body). The brother of Jared was to write down what he saw in his own language, which no one would understand, and his record would be revealed after Christ had been lifted upon the cross. (When Mosiah interpreted the account, he was instructed that these things were not to be revealed until after his people had been visited by Christ.)
The account continues to relate that the Jaredites, as they came to be known, boarded the boats, and were driven by the wind until they arrived at the "promised land".
In the Promised Land
When Jared became old, he and his brother gathered their descendants to count them: the brother of Jared had 22 descendants, of which the oldest male was named Pagag. Jared had four sons, Jacom, Gilgah, Mahah, and Orihah, and eight daughters who are mentioned but never named.
The Jaredite people wanted a king appointed. While Jared did not want this, he ultimately relented. After several Jaredites refused the position, Jared's youngest son Orihah accepted. Jared and his brother died during the reign of Orihah.
The name Moriancumer does appear in the Book of Ether in the Book of Mormon, as a place where the people pitched their tents. Joseph Smith said that the full name, and its connection to the brother of Jared, was later revealed to him:
"While residing at Kirtland, Elder Reynolds Cahoon had a son born to him. One day when President Joseph Smith was passing his door he called the Prophet in and asked him to bless and name the baby. Joseph did so and gave the boy the name of Mahonri Moriancumer. When he had finished the blessing, he laid the child on the bed, and turning to Elder Cahoon he said, the name I have given your son is the name of the Brother of Jared; the Lord has just shown or revealed it to me. Elder William F. Cahoon, who was standing near heard the Prophet make this statement to his father; and this was the first time the name of the brother of Jared was known in the Church in this dispensation."
Etymologies have been proposed but remain largely speculative.
According to Daniel H. Ludlow, it is not clear why the name of the brother of Jared does not appear in the Book of Mormon. However, the following are possible reasons:
- The brother of Jared may have omitted his name out of modesty (John the Beloved did essentially this same thing in the Gospel of John which he wrote).
- The Book of Ether is clearly a family record of Jared, not the brother of Jared; Ether—the final writer and perhaps the abridger of the record—was a descendant of Jared and might naturally have emphasized the achievements of his direct ancestor rather than the brother of his ancestor.
- Moroni may have omitted the name in his abridgment because of difficulty in translating (or "transliterating") the name into the Nephite language.
- In the Roman practice of Damnatio memoriae names were intentionally removed from the record. Egyptian factions also wiped out names and statues of heretical rivals. In Ether 11:17-18 a direct descendant of the Brother of Jared, and rival King, is also not named. 
- LDS.org: "Book of Mormon Pronunciation Guide" (retrieved 2012-02-25), IPA-ified from «mōr-ē-ăn´ka-mer»
- Ether 1:33
- Ether 2:13
- Ether 2:14
- Ether 2:16-18
- Ether 3:1
- Ether 6:14
- Ether 6:24-27
- "The Jaredites," The Juvenile Instructor, [1 May 1892], p. 282 n.
- Chapter 48, Book of Mormon Student Manual, Religion 121 and 122, 1996
- "Understanding the Scriptures", "Ether 2 The Jaredites Build Barges", Book of Mormon Seminary Student Study Guide, 
- Moriancumer, Book of Mormon Onomasticon, The Laura F. Willes Center for Book of Mormon Studies, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University
- Daniel H. Ludlow, A Companion to Your Study of the Book of Mormon, p. 310
- Valletta, Thomas R. (1995). "Jared and His Brother". In Nyman, Monte S.; Tate, Charles D., Jr. Fourth Nephi, From Zion to Destruction. Provo, Utah: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University. p. 303–22. ISBN 0884949745. OCLC 32500560.
- Garrett, H. Dean (1995). "Light in Our Vessels: Faith, Hope, and Charity". In Nyman, Monte S.; Tate, Charles D., Jr. Fourth Nephi, From Zion to Destruction. Provo, Utah: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University. p. 81–93. ISBN 0884949745. OCLC 32500560.
- Reeve, Rex C., Jr. (1992), "Brother of Jared", in Ludlow, Daniel H, Encyclopedia of Mormonism, New York: Macmillan Publishing, pp. 235–236, ISBN 0-02-879602-0, OCLC 24502140