Mahuva, Bhavnagar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Mahuva (Bhavnagar district))
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Mahuva

Madhumati
city
Mahuva is located in Gujarat
Mahuva
Mahuva
Mahuva, India
Coordinates: 21°05′00″N 71°48′00″E / 21.0833°N 71.8000°E / 21.0833; 71.8000Coordinates: 21°05′00″N 71°48′00″E / 21.0833°N 71.8000°E / 21.0833; 71.8000
Country India
StateGujarat
DistrictBhavnagar
Government
 • Typestate
Elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Languages
 • OfficialGujarati, Hindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
364290
Telephone code(02844)
Vehicle registrationGJ4

Mahuva is a town and subdistrict of Bhavnagar District, in the state of Gujarat, India. Located on the coast of the Arabian Sea, Mahuva is known for its mild weather and green, lush surroundings, including many coconut tree plantations. The town is a part of the Saurashtra region, and is known as the Kashmir of Saurashtra.[citation needed] Mahuva is also known for wooden toys, raw onions, groundnuts, and a local variety of mango called the Jamadar. The region is home to a thriving agribusiness industry, particularly enterprises that dehydrate vegetables such as garlic and onions for use in processed foods.

Geography[edit]

Mahuva is the name of a taluka (a type of subdistrict) in Bhavnagar District, in the state of Gujarat, as well as the name of a town within the taluka. Mahuva is in the coastal region of Saurashtra on the Gulf of Khambhat, which is a bay on the coast of the Arabian Sea.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Mahuva
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23
(73)
19
(66)
26
(79)
33
(91)
30
(86)
27
(81)
22
(72)
29
(84)
28
(82)
31
(88)
28
(82)
22
(72)
27
(80)
Average low °C (°F) 13
(55)
13
(55)
13
(55)
14
(57)
19
(66)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
24
(75)
20
(68)
16
(61)
18
(65)
Source: World Weather Online

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 Census of India,[1] Mahuva subdistrict had a population of 452,011; the town of Mahuva had a population of approximately 150,000, composed of about 90,000 males and 60,000 females. There were a total of 27,607 households. Most residents of Mahuva are Hindus and Muslims; a smaller number are Jains and Christians.

Economy[edit]

The local economy of Mahuva is primarily based on the agricultural produce market and industries. The Mahuva Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) was established in 1858.

Mahuva and its surrounding villages are known for their onion production. The Mahuva market yard is the second largest onion trading centre in India after Lasalgaon, Maharashtra.[citation needed] It is spread across 38–40 acres of land. The region is the largest producer of white onions and the second largest producer of red onions in the country.[citation needed] Therefore, onion is the largest trading commodity in Mahuva APMC. Mahuva is a large hub for onion processing and exporting, with over 120 large-scale dehydration plants. Onions from Mahuva Market are transported to many regions of India.

Peanuts, cotton and coconuts are also major trading commodities of this market. It is the only APMC of the state where coconuts are officially traded.[citation needed] Cotton ginning is also conducted in the region. There are many small and large poultry farms in Mahuva, including an emu farm. The Jamadar mango and Ramfal are special varieties of fruit found in Mahuva. Mahuva is the only place in Gujarat where specialized irrigation systems are needed to control soil salinity.[citation needed]

Pipavav Port is a fast growing sea port located nearby, and India's first private sector port situated in Rajula. Reliance Naval and Engineering Limited, one of the India's largest shipbuilding and heavy industry companies, operates out of the port.

There are many diamond cutting and polishing centres with ties to overseas markets. Some are working for diamantaires in Surat.

Mahuva is also known for wooden toys and other wooden handicraft.[citation needed]

A recent surge in the growth of food processing industries, rope manufacturing units, cold storage chains and diamond polishing centres in Mahuva region has increased employment in the region.[citation needed]

Mahuva has two hospitals. Sadbhavana Hospital was recently approved to be upgraded from Municipal Hospital status to Civil Hospital, and is undergoing improvements to reflect the change in status. It is located on the outskirts of Mahuva near Vadali. Kanubhai Kalsariya was a pioneering doctor from the hospital. Hanumant Trust Hospital is a second hospital situated on the bypass road, which was developed as a multi-specialty hospital.

There are also private clinics, many within nursing homes, offering a variety of services, including physicians, paediatricians, ophthalmologists, orthopaedic surgeons, general surgeons, gynecologists, anesthesiologists, pathologists, dentists, and physiotherapists.

Transport[edit]

Mahuva is connected to all major cities of Gujarat and other Indian states by road and rail.

Local

Auto rickshaws and taxis are available in town. City bus services run by the municipality of Mahuva connect the town to nearby villages; GSRTC buses also connect Mahuva to other cities and villages.

Road

Mahuva is approximately 95 km away from Bhavnagar and approximately 290 km from Ahmedabad. It is connected to Diu, Somnath, Palitana and Amreli via state highways. Private buses are well connected with Ahmedabad, Vadodara and Surat. GSRTC buses operate regularly, connecting Mahuva to these places. Private travel organizations also operate buses to Mumbai. These buses can reach Ahmedabad from Mahuva in about six hours, and Vadodara in about eight hours.

Rail

There are direct weekly or bi-weekly trains. The major route is the Mahuva–Mumbai Bandra (T.) SF Express, connecting major cities (Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Surat).

Air

The nearest airport is Bhavnagar Airport at Bhavnagar, about 100 km away from Mahuva. Private buses and GSRTC buses are available to Mahuva from the airport.

Water

The RORO ferry, the first of its kind in India, began operating in 2017, and connects the ports of Ghogha and Dahej in Gujarat.

Education[edit]

Colleges

  • K.B. Parekh College of Computer Science
  • PTC College; run by Shri Radheshyam Charitable Trust

High Schools

  • Hanumant High School (RBK)
  • J.P. Parekh High School
  • Jafari and Fatema English School; run by Al-Imaan Trust, Mumbai
  • Sheth M.N. High School
  • St. Thomas School Mahuva; run by the Carmelites of Mary Immaculate; part of AINACS (All India National Association of Catholic Schools)

Primary Schools

  • Shri Sawminarayana Gurukul
  • Shri Swaminarayan Gurukul Neshvad

Medium Schools

  • Gujarati Medium School; run by Shri Radheshyam Charitable Trust
  • Holy Family English Medium School
  • Shri Radheshyam English Medium School; run by Shri Radheshyam Charitable Trust
  • Vidhya Vihar Education Trust; Gujarati medium school

Attractions[edit]

There are two public parks in Mahuva, Gandhi Baug and Kuber Baug.

Mahuva is home to many religious temples and monuments that are popular with local Hindu and Jain adherents. Gaytri Mata Shaktipith, a temple made in the shape of a lotus, is the Prana Pratishtha of Gayatridevi. It opened in 1981, on the celebration of Jalaram Jayanti. The Dwarkadhish temple (also known as Haveli) is attended daily by devotees to Shrinathji. The location where Bhagatji Maharaj was born and resided throughout his life has been preserved. A BAPS Swaminarayan temple located on the western outskirts of the town was inaugurated in 2014 by Mahant Swami Maharaj. The temple is made of pink stones and inspired by Pramukh Swami Maharaj. The Mahuva Jain Tirth, known as Madhumati in ancient scriptures, is the birthplace of Sheth Javad Shah and Sheth Jadadu Shah. This shrine to Sri Mahavir is venerated as "Jivit Swami" and is included in the Panch Tirthi of Sri Shatrunjay shrines.[2][3]

Tatkaleshvar Mahadev temple, located south-west of Mahuva city, is visited by a large number of devotees, particularly during the Hindu month of Shraavana. It is a popular stop for pilgrims visiting the Somnath temple and sometimes referred to as "Little Somnath".[4] Many travel to the ancient Bhutnath Mahadev temple of Shiva at Vadli, located north-east of Mahuva, during the month of Shraavana.

Bhavani beach, is a popular picnicking spot located south-east of Mahuva.[5] Bhavani Mata Mandir is an ancient temple located on the beach.

Wildlife[edit]

A large population of white-rumped vultures can be found in Mahuva. There are 234 other bird species found in the area, and it is the only area of Bhavnagar district where jungle babblers are found.[citation needed]

Neighbouring villages[edit]

Pingleshwar, a small village near Mahuva, is known for a very old Shivling under the sea. It is only visible in the morning when the tide is out.[citation needed]

Talgajarda, the birthplace of Morari Bapu, is 5 kilometers from Mahuva. It is known for its temples, including a Ganesha temple.

Mota Khuntavada (19 kilometres from Mahuva, 60 kilometres from Palitana) is known for its Jain temple and its 90-year-old Ganesha temple, Sidhhganesh Arshrm Mota Khuntavada. Mota Khuntavada lies between Mava Dungar Hill, which is surrounded by Malan Dam Lake, and Chitradhar Hill. There is also a 100-year-old Hanuman temple in the lake, and nearby a 150-year-old Mahakali Devi temple.

Kotamoi is a small village of Mahuva. Kotamoi is at the near Rojki river.

Uncha Kotda, or Unchakotada, (27 kilometers east of Mahuva) is a temple to Chamunda Devi that is revered as a mini Shaktipith.[6]

Otha, 14 kilometers from Mahuva, is home to Shashtri Jivalal Mulshankar Pandya, a Bhagvat Kathakar.

Bagdana, the village of the mystic Bajrangdas Bapa, is 35 kilometres from Mahuva. The temple is visited throughout the year, especially Guru Purnima and tithi. Half a million people pay homage to the temple each year.[7][8]

Notable figures[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/pca/SearchDetails.aspx?Id=547398
  2. ^ http://jainsite.in/jain-tirth/mahuva-tirth
  3. ^ http://www.jaintirthyatra.com/Tirth-Details/71/Shri_Mahuva_Tirth.aspx
  4. ^ "Tatkaleshvar Mahadev Mandir Location; Wikimapia".
  5. ^ "Mahuva Beach; Gujarat Tourism website".
  6. ^ http://www.templetravel.info/2016/09/uncha-kotda-chamunda-mata-temple-near.html
  7. ^ http://www.bajrangdasbapa.com
  8. ^ http://www.sadgurus-saints-sages.com/Details_2.aspx?pageid=iAx%2BnZUbnlcYClzyIsQ0ZA%3D%3D
  9. ^ "Moraribapu Official Website".
  10. ^ "Ahmedabad Mirror article". Archived from the original on 6 January 2014.