Maianthemum stellatum

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Maianthemum stellatum
Maianthemum stellatum 15290.JPG
M. stellatum in the Wenatchee National Forest, Washington, U.S.A.
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Nolinoideae
Genus: Maianthemum
Species: M. stellatum
Binomial name
Maianthemum stellatum
Synonyms[1][2]

Maianthemum stellatum (star-flowered, starry, or little false Solomon's seal, or simply false Solomon's seal; star-flowered lily-of-the-valley[3] or starry false lily of the valley;[4] syn. Smilacina stellata) is a species of flowering plant, native across North America generally from Alaska to California to North Carolina to Newfoundland, plus northern Mexico (Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León).[5][6] It has been found in every Canadian province and territory except Nunavut, and from every US state except Hawaii and the states of the Southeast.[7] It has little white buds in the spring, followed by delicate starry flowers, then green-and-black striped berries, and finally deep red berries in the fall.[4][8][9][10][11]

Maianthemum stellatum is a woodland herbaceous perennial plant, smaller than its close relative M. racemosum. For comparison, M. stellatum has smaller, more open inflorescences, flowers with stamens shorter rather than longer than the petals, and somewhat narrower and more curved leaves. Both species show the characteristic zigzag of the stem between the alternate leaves.[12][13] True Solomon's seal (Polygonatum species) have a similar overall appearance, but the flowers hang from the stem underneath the leaves, rather than forming a terminal cluster.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Maianthemum stellatum". Tropicos. Missouri Botanical Garden. 
  2. ^ "Maianthemum stellatum". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew – via The Plant List. 
  3. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  4. ^ a b "Maianthemum stellatum". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 2 February 2016. 
  5. ^ Tropicos, specimen list for Maianthemum stellatum (L.) Link
  6. ^ Tropicos, specimen list for Smilacina stellata (L.) Desf.
  7. ^ "Maianthemum stellatum". State-level distribution map from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2014. 
  8. ^ LaFrankie, James V. (2002). "Maianthemum stellatum". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee. Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA). 26. New York and Oxford. Retrieved 2008-03-13 – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. 
  9. ^ Johnson, Derek; Linda Kershaw; Andy Mackinnon; Jim Pojar (1995). Plants of the Western Boreal Forest and Aspen Parkland (Digitized online by Google books). Lone Pine Publishing and the Canadian Forest Service. p. 83. ISBN 1-55105-058-7. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  10. ^ Wilkinson, Kathleen (1999). Wildflowers of Alberta A Guide to Common Wildflowers and Other Herbaceous Plants. Edmonton Alberta: Lone Pine Publishing and University of Alberta. pp. 24–25. ISBN 0-88864-298-9. 
  11. ^ Kershaw, Linda (2003). Saskatchewan Wayside Wildflowers. Edmonton, Alberta: Lone Pine Publishing. p. 111. ISBN 1-55105-354-3. 
  12. ^ Horn, Kathleen (1998). Sierra Nevada Wildflowers. Missoula, Montana: Mountain Press. pp. 96=97. ISBN 0-87842-388-5. 
  13. ^ Laws, John Muir (2006). The Laws Field Guide to the Sierra Nevada (California Academy of Sciences). Berkeley, California: Heyday Books. p. 91. ISBN 978-1-59714-052-2.