Maianthemum trifolium

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Maianthemum trifolium
Maianthemum trifolium NPS-1.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Nolinoideae
Genus: Maianthemum
Species: M. trifolium
Binomial name
Maianthemum trifolium

Maianthemum trifolium (syn. Smilacina trifolia, Three-leaf Solomon’s-seal, three-leaf Solomon’s-plume, threeleaf false lily of the valley, smilacine trifoliée) is a species of flowering plant that is native to Canada and the northeastern United States, from Yukon and British Columbia east to Newfoundland and south to Delaware.

It is a herbaceous perennial plant growing to 10–25 cm (4–10 in) tall, with alternate, oblong-lanceolate leaves 5–12 cm (2–4 34 in) long and 2–4 cm (341 12 in) broad.[1] The flowers are produced on a 5–10 cm (2–4 in) panicle, each flower with six white tepals 2–4 mm (0.08–0.16 in) long.


  1. ^ LaFrankie, James V. (2002). "Maianthemum trifolium". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee. Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA). 26. New York and Oxford – via, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.