The Grand Union Canal at Little Venice
|Maida Vale shown within Greater London|
|Population||10,210 (2011 Census. Ward)|
|OS grid reference|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Maida Vale (/ / MAY-də vayl) is an affluent residential district comprising the northern part of Paddington in west London, west of St John's Wood and south of Kilburn. It is part of the City of Westminster. The name derives from the Hero of Maida inn which used to be on Edgware Road near the Regent's Canal. The pub was named after General Sir John Stuart who was made Count of Maida by King Ferdinand IV of Naples and Sicily after the victory at the Battle of Maida in 1806. The area is mostly residential, and mainly affluent, with many large late Victorian and Edwardian blocks of mansion flats. It is home to the BBC Maida Vale Studios.
The Maida Vale area is regarded as being bounded by Maida Avenue and the Regent's Canal to the south, Maida Vale Road to the north east, Kilburn Park Road to the north west, and Shirland Road and Blomfield Road to the south west: an area of around 1 square kilometre (0.4 square miles). It makes up most of the W9 postal district. The southern part of Maida Vale at the junction of Paddington Basin with Regent's Canal, with many houseboats, is known as Little Venice. The area to the south-west of Maida Vale, at the western end of Elgin Avenue, was historically known as "Maida Hill", and was a recognised postal district bounded by the Avenues on the west, the Regent's Canal to the south, Maida Vale to the east and Kilburn Lane to the north. Parts of Maida Vale were also included within this. The name of "Maida Hill" had since fallen out of use, although it has been resurrected since the mid-2000s, through the 414 bus route (which terminates on Shirland Road and gives its destination as Maida Hill) and a new street market on the Piazza at the junction of Elgin Avenue and Harrow Road.
Developed by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners in the early 19th century as middle class housing, Maida Vale took its name from a public house named after John Stuart, Count of Maida, which opened on the Edgware Road soon after the Battle of Maida, 1806.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Maida Vale was a predominantly Sephardic Jewish district, and the 1896 Spanish & Portuguese Synagogue, a Grade II listed building and headquarters of the British Sephardi community, is on Lauderdale Road. The actor Alec Guinness was born in this road. The first Prime Minister of Israel, David Ben-Gurion, lived within sight of this synagogue on Warrington Crescent. The pioneer of modern computing, Alan Turing, was born at what is now the Colonnade Hotel in Warrington Crescent.
Maida Vale is home to some of BBC network radio's recording and broadcast studios. The building on Delaware Road is one of the BBC's earliest premises, pre-dating Broadcasting House, and was the centre of the BBC radio news service during World War II. The building houses a total of seven music and radio drama studios, and most famously was home to John Peel's BBC Radio 1 Peel Sessions and the BBC Radiophonic Workshop.
Little Venice is a comparatively recent name for parts of Maida Vale and Paddington in the City of Westminster. It consists of the area surrounding the Little Venice Lagoon and its canals. It is known for and defined by its Regency style white stucco buildings and its canals and moored boats. Maida Avenue, Warwick Crescent and Blomfield Road, the streets in the south of Maida Vale overlooking Browning's Pool including the section of Randolph Avenue south of Warrington Crescent, are known as Little Venice. According to one story, the poet Robert Browning, who lived in the area from 1862 to 1887, coined the name. However, this was disputed by Lord Kinross in 1966 and by London Canals. Both assert that Lord Byron (1788–1824) humorously coined the name, which now applies more loosely to a longer reach of the canal system. Browning's Pool is named after the poet, and is the junction of Regent's Canal and the Paddington Arm of the Grand Union Canal.
South Maida Vale, one of London's prime residential areas, also has a reputation for its shops and restaurants, as well as for the Canal Cafe Theatre, the Puppet Theatre Barge, the Waterside Café and the Warwick Castle pub. A regular waterbus service operates from Little Venice eastwards around Regent's Park, calling at London Zoo and on towards Camden Town. Since 1983, the Inland Waterways Association has hosted the Canalway Cavalcade in Little Venice.
Maida Vale is noted for its wide tree-lined avenues, large communal gardens and red-brick mansion blocks from the late Victoria and Edwardian eras. The first mansion blocks were completed in 1897, with the arrival of the identically-designed Lauderdale Mansions South, Lauderdale Mansions West and Lauderdale Mansions East in Lauderdale Road. Others quickly followed in neighbouring streets: Elgin Mansions (Elgin Avenue) and Leith Mansions (Grantully Road) in 1900, Ashworth Mansions (Elgin Avenue and Grantully Road) and Castellain Mansions (Castellain Road) in 1902, Elgin Court (Elgin Avenue) and Carlton Mansions (Randolph Avenue) in 1902, Delaware Mansions (Delaware Road) and Biddulph Mansions (Elgin Avenue and Biddulph Road) in 1907 and Randolph Court in 1910.
Among the buildings of architectural interest was the Carlton Tavern, a pub which stood on Carlton Vale. Built in 1920–21 for Charrington Brewery, it was thought to be the work of the architect Frank J Potter and was noted for its unaltered 1920s interiors and faience tiled exterior. The building was being considered by Historic England for Grade II listing when it was unexpectedly demolished in March 2015 by the property developer CLTX Ltd to make way for a new block of flats.
The 2011 census showed that 38% of the population was of White British ethnic, with Other White second biggest at 22%.
Maida Vale is served by St Mark's parish church, Hamilton Terrace. Between 1870 and 1906 the incumbent of St. Mark's was Robinson Duckworth. Saatchi Shul, an independent Orthodox Jewish synagogue, was founded in Maida Vale in 1998.
Commemorative blue plaques
Ordered by birth date
- Andreas Kalvos (1792–1869), Greek poet and patriot, at 182 Sutherland Avenue.
- Ambrose Fleming (1849–1945), English electrical engineer and physicist, at 9 Clifton Gardens.
- David Ben-Gurion (1886–1973), first prime minister of Israel, at 75 Warrington Crescent.
- Lupino Lane (1892–1959), theatre and film star lived at 32 Maida Vale.
- Edward Ardizzone (1900–1979), artist and illustrator, at 130 Elgin Avenue.
- Alan Turing (1912–1954), code-breaker and pioneer of computer science, at 2 Warrington Crescent.
- Arthur Lowe (1915-1982), English actor, famed for his role as Captain George Mainwaring in the television show Dad's Army, lived at 2 Maida Hill West from 1969-1982.
Other notable residents
Ordered by birth date where given, followed by those for whom no birth date is given. See also People from Maida Vale
- Sir John Tenniel (1820–1914), artist and cartoonist, lived at 10 Portsdown Road, Maida Hill from 1854 to 1909.
- John Lawrence Toole (1830–1906), comic actor, lived in Maida Vale.
- James Payn (1830–1892), novelist and journal editor, died at his home, 43 Warrington Crescent, on 25 March 1898.
- Joanna Mary Boyce (1831–1861), portrait painter, born in Maida Vale.
- Sir Edward German (1862–1936), composer, lived at 5 Biddulph Road from 1921 until his death in 1936.
- Leslie Green (1875–1908), architect, was born in Maida Vale.
- John Masefield (1878–1967), novelist, playwright and Poet Laureate from 1930, lived at 30 Maida Avenue.
- Lieutenant Leonard Keysor VC (1885–1951), Australian soldier, was born in Maida Vale.
- Philip Guedalla (1889–1944), writer, politician and barrister, was born in Maida Vale.
- Vera Brittain (1893–1970), writer, lived at 111 Wymering Mansions, Wymering Road.
- Victor Gollancz (1893–1967), publisher and humanitarian, was born at 256 Elgin Avenue, Maida Vale.
- Irene Handl (1901–1987), character actress, was born in Maida Vale.
- Nancy Mitford (1904–1973) author, lived at 13 Blomfield Road in the 1930s.
- Hardy Amies (1909–2003), fashion designer, dressmaker to Queen Elizabeth II.
- Walter Kolarz (1912–1962), communist scholar, lived in Maida Vale from 1940 until his death.
- Ernest Clark, (1912–1994), actor, was born and raised in Maida Vale.
- Sir Alec Guinness (1914–2000), Oscar-winning actor was born at 155 Lauderdale Mansions South, Lauderdale Road.
- Alan Freeman (1927–2006), broadcaster.
- Enrica Soma (1929–1969), Italian-American socialite and ballerina, one-time wife of John Huston and mother of Anjelica Huston, moved there with her children in 1962 after separating from her husband.
- Ruth Rendell (1930–2015), Baroness Rendell of Babergh, the English crime novelist, lived there.
- Joan Collins (b. 1933) grew up in Maida Vale.
- John Inman (1935–2007), actor, lived in a mews house in Little Venice for 30 years.
- Delia Derbyshire (1937–2001) lived in Clifton Villas during her time with the BBC Radiophonic Workshop.
- Joe Strummer (1952–2002) of Punk rock band The Clash formerly lived there.
- Jimmy McCulloch (1953–1979) of Wings died of a heroin overdose at his flat there.
- Jarvis Cocker (b. 1963) of Pulp was living there in 1997.
- Ben Miller (b. 1966), comedian and actor.
- Mohammed Emwazi (1988–2015), alleged executioner for Islamic State known as "Jihadi John" attended St. Mary Magdalene Church of England Primary School in Maida Vale.
- Abdel-Majed Abdel Bary (b. 1991), rapper and alleged murderer.
- Daisy Ridley (b. 1992), actress.
Notable local events
- "City of Westminster ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
- "British History Online". University of London & History of Parliament Trust. December 2014.
- Ayto J.; Crofton I. Brewer's Britain & Ireland; London, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 2005.
- "Locations – Maida Vale". BBC Radio Resources.
- "List of Postal Districts". Homepages.gold.ac.uk. 6 September 2011.
- "Transport for London". Tfl.gov.uk. 28 March 2007.
- "Harrow Road Local Area Renewal Partnership". Harrowroadpartnership.wordpress.com.
- "Paddington – Maida Vale | British History Online". British-history.ac.uk.
- Maida Vale History Archived 24 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
- "English heritage Blue Plaques- David Ben-Gurion"
- Browning's Pool Archived 17 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Little Venice Music Festival". Littlevenice-mf.com.
- "Letter to The Daily Telegraph, 1966".
- "The history of the place name known as 'Little Venice'". Londoncanals.co.uk.
- Little Venice area guide at foxtons.co.uk
- "Canalway Cavalcade: 2nd–4th May 2015". Accessed 5 November 2014
- O'Sullivan, Kevin, Dial 'M' for Maida Vale
- Minutes of Paddington Borough Council meeting of 5 October 1909 (page 646 for 1909), "Notices for Erection of New Buildings [in 1910]" includes No. 2,135: "A new block of flats.. on the west side of Portsdown Road [renamed Randolph Avenue in 1939] to be the third building from Carlton Vale and on the site between No. 223 Portsdown Road and Carlton Mansions."
- "Bulldozers level historic pub after being denied planning permission". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 16 April 2015. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- Archbishops' Council (2011). "St Mark's, Hamilton Terrace". Church of England. Retrieved 31 March 2013.
- "History". .stmarks.me.uk. Retrieved 31 March 2013.
- Endelman, Todd M (2002). The Jews of Britain, 1656 to 2000. University of California Press. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
- Plaque details at English Heritage
- Plaque details
- Plaque details
- Music Hall Guild Blue plaque for Lupino Lane at The Music Hall Guild. Accessed 9 May 2015
- Plaque details
- Plaque details
- "A tour around Little Venice, W2". London Canals, The City's Waterways. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
- L. Perry Curtis jun., "Tenniel, Sir John (1820–1914)" Retrieved 25 February 2014, pay-walled.
- ODNB entry mentions Maida Vale home. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- Damian Atkinson, "Payn, James (1830–1898)" Retrieved 14 March 2014, pay-walled.
- Entry in Bryan's Dictionary of Painters and Engravers, pp. 17 April 2015.
- 'A Musical Peacemaker; The Life and Work of Sir Edward German' by Brian Rees (The Kensal Press, 1986)
- "The Man Who Painted London Red"
- "British History Online – Paddington: Maida Vale"
- McCarthy, Dudley (1983). "Keysor, Leonard Maurice (1885–1951)". Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 9. Melbourne University Press. pp. 582–583.
- Lord Elton (revised by Mark Pottle), Philip Guedalla in Dictionary of National Biography, OUP 2004–08
- Open Plaques - Vera Brittain
- Victor Gollancz: A Biography by Ruth Dudley Edwards, Chapter One, 1987
- Leith Mansions at Greene & Co. Accessed 31 May 2016
- Tames, Richard. St John’s Wood and Maida Vale Past
- "A story about Hardy Amies", The Versatile Gent
- The Times, obituary 23 July 1962
- "Ernest Clark". BFI.
- GRO Register of Births: June 1914 1a 39 Paddington – Alec Guinness De Cuffe, mmn = De Cuffe.
- "Alan Freeman". The Telegraph. 29 November 2006.Retrieved 1 April 2014
- Huston, Anjelica (2013). A Story Lately Told: Coming of Age in Ireland, London, and New York. New York, NY: Scribner. pp. 118, 131. ISBN 978-1451656299. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
- "Ruth Rendell: a life in writing", The Guardian, 1 March 2013
- "Joan and Jackie Collins and the jealousy that tore them apart", The Daily Mail, 22 August 2007
- Obituary, The Times, 9 March 2007
- 'Sculptress of Sound: The Lost Works of Delia Derbyshire'; Archive on 4; BBC Radio 4, 8:00pm Saturday 27 March 2010
- Salewicz, Chris (2006). Redemption Song: The Ballad of Joe Strummer. New York: Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-571-21178-4. OCLC 76794852.
- Paul McCartney: A Life By Peter Ames Carlin. Simon & Schuster. p.248
- "Jarvis Cocker Interview". Acrylicafternoons.com.
- "My Perfect Weekend: Ben Miller". The Daily Telegraph. 2 October 2009. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
- Pictured – Mohammed Emwazi before he became Isis killer. The Guardian, 27 February 2015. Accessed 9 May 2015
- Rapper identified as James Foley's executioner. Yahoo!7 News, 25 August 2014. Accessed 9 May 2015
- Daily Mirror. Retrieved 4 May 2014.
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