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Maidan is an originally Persian میدان word for a town square or public gathering place, borrowed into various other languages: Urdu میدان (maidān);Arabic مَيْدَان (maydān); Turkish meydan and Crimean Tatar, from which is also arrived in Ukrainian Maidan. Its ultimate source is Proto-Indo-European *médʰyos - compare Avestan maiδya, Sanskrit मध्य (madhya) and Latin medius. Various versions include maydan, midan, meydan, majdan, mayadeen and maydān.

The broad geographical footprint of the use of Maidan in toponymy, from Central Europe to South-East Asia, is a reflection of the wide spread of the Turco-Persian tradition.[1]


In the Persian and Central Asian space[edit]

Towns and villages in Iran:

In South Asia and Southeast Asia[edit]

In the former Ottoman / Mamluk space[edit]

  • the esplanade formerly known as Maydan or Hippodrome outside the Cairo Citadel

Elsewhere in the former Mongol Empire[edit]

In Poland[edit]

Poland took up the word majdan from its numerous exchanges with the Ottoman and other Persianate-influenced cultures.[1]

In Romania[edit]

  • Maidan, a village in Cacica Commune, Suceava County
  • Maidan, the former name of Brădișoru de Jos village, Oravița Town, Caraș-Severin County

See also places called Majdany, the plural form of Majdan.


  1. ^ a b Thomas M. Prymak (October 25, 2016). "The word "Maidan", where it comes from and what it means". Toronto Galician Genealogy Group.