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Monte Amaro
Highest point
Elevation2,795 m (9,170 ft) [1]
Prominence1,812 m (5,945 ft) [1]
Coordinates42°05′13″N 14°05′15″E / 42.08694°N 14.08750°E / 42.08694; 14.08750Coordinates: 42°05′13″N 14°05′15″E / 42.08694°N 14.08750°E / 42.08694; 14.08750[1]
Mount Amaro is located in Italy
Mount Amaro
Mount Amaro
LocationAbruzzo, Italy
Parent rangeApennine Mountains
First ascent1873

The Maiella (or Majella) is a massif in the Central Apennines, in Abruzzo, central Italy.


Maiella at dusk

The mountain is located at the boundary between the provinces of Chieti, Pescara and L'Aquila.

The highest peak is Monte Amaro at 2,793 m, the second highest of the entire Apennine range. The massif is at the center of the Maiella National Park.

The Maiella is formed by a compact limestone massif, on which summit are the highest peaks in the group: Monte Amaro 2,793 m, Monte Acquaviva 2,737 m, Monte Focalone 2,676 m, Monte Rotondo 2,656 m, Monte Macellaro 2,646 m, Pesco Falcone 2,546 m, Cima delle Murelle 2,598 m. A further peak is the Blockhaus (2,145m), which is sometimes used as the finish of a stage of the Giro d'Italia cycling race.

Vast plateaus are present up to 2,500 m. The slopes are characterized by steep valleys and gorges, carved out by rivers such as the Orfento, the Foro and others.

Nearby are the Monte Morrone, Monte Porrara and Monti Pizzi groups. The Maiella includes an iced waterfall, known as Il Principiante, located at 1,600 meters and having a height of 25 meters.

Scientific research[edit]

The area of the Montagna della Maiella has been subject to a major international geoscientific research Project, TaskForceMajella from 1998 up to 2005. Along the northern slope of the mountain for thousands of years hydrocarbon extraction has occured from spontaneous seepages and shallow wells [2].


The Maiella, particularly the Blockhaus peak, is a popular ride for amateur cyclists and is also sometimes used for a stage of the Giro d'Italia. The first use by the race was in 1967, when Eddy Merckx won the stage.[3] Merckx subsequently went on to establish a cycle manufacturing company and named one of his cycles after the Blockhaus. Subsequent Blockhaus stage victors were Franco Bitossi (1968), José Manuel Fuente (1972), Moreno Argentin (1984), Ivan Basso (2006), and Franco Pellizotti (2009, subsequently disqualified).The most recent inclusion of the Blockhaus on the Giro d'Italia was on 14 May, 2017, when the stage was won by the Colombian rider Nairo Quintana.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Europe Ultra-Prominences". Retrieved 2014-05-24.
  2. ^ van Dijk, J.P. (2019); The 7000 Years Long Journey of the Majella Oil Men - The Fascinating Story of Central Italian Hydrocarbon Exploitation and Earth Sciences in the Val Pescara and the Montagna della Majella. 282 pp. ISBN-13: 978-1077215139, ISBN-10: 1077215134
  3. ^ "1967 Giro d'Italia". BikeRaceInfo. McGann Publishing. Retrieved 15 May 2017.
  4. ^ "Geraint Thomas's Giro d'Italia hopes hit by crash as Nairo Quintana takes control". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 May 2017.

Media related to Majella at Wikimedia Commons