Maihar gharana

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The Maihar gharana is a gharana or school of Hindustani classical music, a style of Indian classical music originating in the northern parts of the Indian subcontinent. The school was formed by Allaudin Khan in the princely state of Maihar, now lying in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, and hence the name.[1] Allauddin Khan learnt music from Wazir Khan, an exponent of the Senia gharana. The Maihar gharana is therefore sometimes referred to as the Maihar-Senia gharana.[2]

It is one of the most prominent gharanas of the 20th century; much of the fame of Hindustani classical music in the west stems from this gharana. Prominent musicians belonging to the Maihar gharana include prominent sitar players Ravi Shankar, Nikhil Banerjee, Allauddin Khan's son sarod player Ali Akbar Khan, daughter Annapurna Devi and grandsons Aashish Khan, Dhyanesh Khan, Pranesh Khan, Rajesh Ali khan, Alam Khan, Manik Khan and Shiraz Ali Khan.

Other prominent musicians with links to this gharana include the sarod player Bahadur Khan, Sharan Rani, Vasant Rai, Rajeev Taranath, Shamim Ahmed, Gourab Deb, Damodar Lal Kabra, Apratim Majumdar, Vikash Maharaj, Abhisek Lahiri, and Basant Kabra, violinist V. G. Jog, guitarists Brij Bhushan Kabra, Vishwa Mohan Bhatt and his nephew Krishna Bhatt, Manju Nandan Mehta, flautists Pannalal Ghosh, Hariprasad Chaurasia, Nityanand Haldipur, Rupak Kulkarni, and Ronu Majumdar, and sitar players Chandrakant Sardeshmukh, Kartick Kumar and his son Niladri Kumar, Jaya Biswas, Abhishek Maharaj.

Musicians belonging to the gharana adhere to a dhrupad aesthetic in their approach to playing the alap and jor portions in a raga.[3] Variations in tempo are used to demarcate sections while playing the jor, with a short rhythmic figure indicating closure of a section. Therefore, rhythmic figures within the jor assume structural importance.[4] Alap-jor is followed by a khayal style vilambit gat with taan improvisations, and the performance ends with a jhala.[3]


  1. ^ Rashtriya Sahara. Sahara India Mass Communication. 1998.
  2. ^ Banerjee, Meena (16 March 2018). "Understanding a raga is no less than understanding a person: Tejendra Narayan Majumdar". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  3. ^ a b Nair, Jyoti (15 March 2018). "The Maihar gharana is represented by Pt. Ravi Shankar". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  4. ^ Bruno Nettl; Melinda Russell (15 December 1998). In the Course of Performance: Studies in the World of Musical Improvisation. University of Chicago Press. p. 335. ISBN 978-0-226-57410-3.

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