mailx is a Unix utility program for sending and receiving mail, also known as a Mail User Agent program. A console application with a command syntax similar to ed, it is an improved version of the Berkeley mail utility.
A simplified syntax with some commonly used options might include:
mailx [-s subject] [-c cc-addr] to-addr . . . -s subject of email (could be inserted later) -c send carbon copies to a user or users
The end of message is indicated by a single '.' or by hitting ctrl+d.
By default, users compose messages in
mailx line by line, without the use of a text editor. The user may issue a command to
mailx by entering a line that begins with a tilde (~). The ~v command causes
mailx to invoke a text editor (defined by the VISUAL environment variable) on the message in progress, saved in a temporary file.
$ mailx -s "From mailx" email@example.com
type the body ... EOT (Ctrl+d) $
- History of mail and mailx from the Heirloom Project
- mailx Tutorial from the engineering Dpt. at Purdue University
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