Main Street (Queens)

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Main Street
GPO flushing 11301 jeh.JPG
Flushing Main Post Office on Main Street
Length 4 mi (6 km)
Location Queens, New York City, New York
North end NY 25A (Northern Boulevard) in Flushing
Major
junctions
South end NY 25 (Queens Boulevard) in Briarwood

Main Street is a major north-south street in Queens, New York City. It extends from Queens Boulevard in Briarwood to Northern Boulevard in Flushing.

There are four other Main Streets in the four other boroughs of New York City – the Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, and Staten Island – though Queens's Main Street is the most notable.[1]

Route description[edit]

Intersection of Main Street and Kissena Boulevard in 1891.

Main Street runs relatively north to south with two to three lanes in either direction, and serves as the major thruway for Flushing, Queens. It begins at an intersection with Northern Boulevard in Downtown Flushing, known also as Flushing Chinatown, one of New York City's largest Asian enclaves.[2] Just south of Roosevelt Avenue and the Long Island Rail Road overpass, Kissena Boulevard (formerly Jamaica Road) branches off from Main Street at a triangle, before traveling on a parallel course. Passing through Kissena Park, Main Street intersects with the Long Island Expressway north of Queens College. South of Queens College, it intersects with Jewel Avenue near the neighborhood of Pomonok.[3][4][5][6] The stretch of Main Street in Kew Gardens Hills south of the LIE is home to a large Jewish community, including many Orthodox, Ashkenazi, and Bukharan Jews.[7][8] At the south end of Kew Gardens Hills at the border of Flushing and Jamaica, Main Street intersects with Union Turnpike and the Grand Central Parkway service road; Union Turnpike traveling west feeds into the Kew Gardens Interchange, connecting to the Grand Central, the Van Wyck Expressway, the Jackie Robinson Parkway, and Queens Boulevard. Near its southern end, two entrance ramps branch off from the center of Main Street, feeding into the southbound Van Wyck. The two one-way spurs run for three more blocks, before ending at adjacent intersections with Queens Boulevard in the neighborhood of Briarwood.[3][4][5][6]

Traffic[edit]

The most congested area of Main Street is at its northern end in Downtown Flushing, between Sanford Avenue and Northern Boulevard. Other congestion points include the intersection with the Long Island Expressway, the Union Turnpike / Grand Central Parkway interchange from 73rd Avenue south to the GCP, and its southern terminus at Queens Boulevard.[6]

Transportation[edit]

Bus service[edit]

An articulated Q44 bus on Main Street in Flushing.

The primary public transportation on Main Street is the Q44 bus route, running from the Jamaica Center area through the entire length of Main Street before continuing on to The Bronx.[5] In 1999, the Q44 was converted into a limited-stop service, supplemented by Q20A and Q20B local buses running from Jamaica to College Point.[5][9] The Q74 bus formerly served the southern portion of the street between 73rd and Reeves Avenues. The route, which ran between Kew Gardens – Union Turnpike station and Queens College, was eliminated in 2010 due to budget cuts within the MTA.[10][11][12] The X51 express bus served a portion of the street between Elder Avenue near Kissena Park and Horace Harding Expressway, before being discontinued in the 2010 cuts due to low ridership.[10][13]

The Main Street corridor, along with the parallel Kissena/Parsons Boulevards corridor and the 164th Street corridor, was studied by the NYC Department of Transportation in 2015 for the implementation of Select Bus Service between Flushing and Jamaica. This would convert the Q44 route into a bus rapid transit line.[6][14][15] As part of the proposal, a bus only lane was proposed for installation in various points along Main Street. After backlash from local businesses, the bus lane in the Queensboro Hill section of Flushing was dropped from the SBS proposal.[6][15][16]

Subway and rail[edit]

The E F of the IND Queens Boulevard Line serve the street at the Briarwood station, where the street intersects with Queens Boulevard and the Van Wyck Expressway.[4][6] The Downtown Flushing section of the route contains its busiest transit hub, revolving around the Flushing – Main Street terminal for the 7 <7> trains at Roosevelt Avenue. The Long Island Rail Road serves the area at its elevated station one block south. Many buses travel through or terminate in the area, including several routes between Flushing and Jamaica, and the Q50 bus to Co-op City, Bronx.[3][5][6] Several other buses intersect with the street at other major streets along the route.[5]

Points of interest[edit]

Notable points of interest include:

Education[edit]

Flushing High School is located a few blocks away from the northern terminus.[3] The Queens College campus, which also houses Townsend Harris High School and John Bowne High School, is located between Reeves Avenue (near the Long Island Expressway) and Melbourne Avenue.[5] Archbishop Molloy High School is located at the southern end of Main Street.[4]

Libraries[edit]

Several branches of Queens Library, including the large Flushing branch at Kissena Boulevard, are located on Main Street.[2][3][4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Walsh, Kevin (October 2010). "MAIN STREET, Flushing". Forgotten NY. Retrieved 17 September 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Morrone, Francis (July 3, 2008). "Flushing, the New Face of the City". nysun.com. The New York Sun. Retrieved 6 July 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Flushing" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority (New York). 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "MTA Neighborhood Maps:Kew Gardens" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority (New York). 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "Queens Bus Map" (pdf). MTA New York City Transit. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g "Flushing To Jamaica Select Bus Service: January 22, 2015: Public Open House" (PDF). nyc.gov. Metropolitan Transit Authority (New York), New York City Department of Transportation. January 22, 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2015. 
  7. ^ Onishi, Norimitsu (January 3, 1997). "Sam Brach Ruled in Kew Gardens Hills. Times Change.". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved 6 July 2015. 
  8. ^ Larson, Hilary (July 13, 2010). "A Jewish Magnet In Central Queens: The increasingly popular Flushing-Kew Gardens area is in the midst of a property crunch.". thejewishweek.com. The Jewish Week. Retrieved 6 July 2015. 
  9. ^ Q20A, Q20B, and Q44 bus schedule MTA Regional Bus Operations.
  10. ^ a b "Queens Bus Map" (PDF). nycityhealth.com. Metropolitan Transit Authority (New York). Retrieved 6 July 2015. 
  11. ^ Sheets, Connor Adams (December 15, 2010). "Seniors slam elimination of Q74". timesledger.com. Times Ledger. Retrieved 5 July 2015. 
  12. ^ "2010 NYC Transit Service Reductions - Revised: Queens Local Bus". mta.info. Metropolitan Transit Authority (New York). March 19, 2010. Retrieved 6 July 2015. 
  13. ^ "2010 NYC Transit Service Reductions - Revised: Express Bus". mta.info. Metropolitan Transit Authority (New York). March 19, 2010. Retrieved 6 July 2015. 
  14. ^ Toure, Madina (January 22, 2015). "NE Queens leaders wary of Select Bus Service proposal". timesledger.com. Times Ledger. Retrieved 6 July 2015. 
  15. ^ a b Cronin, Jon (June 4, 2015). "DOT Presents Updated SBS Plan For Main St". queenstribune.com. Queen Tribune. Retrieved 6 July 2015. 
  16. ^ Offner, Daniel (April 23, 2015). "No Bus-Only Lane For Part of Main Street". queenstribune.com. Queens Tribune. Retrieved 6 July 2015.