Main Street, U.S.A.

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Main Street, U.S.A.
Theme19th Century Marceline, Missouri, Fort Collins, Colorado and Classical Hollywood cinema
Disneyland, Anaheim, California
StatusOperating
OpenedJuly 17, 1955
Magic Kingdom, Bay Lake, Florida
StatusOperating
OpenedOctober 1, 1971
Tokyo Disneyland, Urayasu, Chiba (As World Bazaar)
StatusOperating
OpenedApril 15, 1983
Disneyland Paris, Marne-la-Vallée, France
StatusOperating
OpenedApril 12, 1992
Hong Kong Disneyland, Lantau Island, Hong Kong
StatusOperating
OpenedSeptember 12, 2005
Shanghai Disneyland Park, Pudong, Shanghai (As Mickey Avenue)
StatusOperating
OpenedJune 16, 2016

Main Street, U.S.A. is the first "themed land" inside the main entrance of the many theme parks operated or licensed by The Walt Disney Company around the world. Main Street, U.S.A. is themed to resemble American small towns during the early 20th Century. In Tokyo Disneyland, it is called World Bazaar and covered by a glass Victorian-style conservatory roof to shield guests from the weather there.[1] At Shanghai Disneyland, it is called Mickey Avenue and is orientated to help introduce visitors to Disney characters.[2]

Each Main Street, U.S.A. (except in Tokyo and Shanghai) has a train station along the park's respective Disney railroad above the entrance. The area closest to the entrance, usually just past the train station, is called Town Square.

At the other end of Main Street stands the park's centrally located castle (Sleeping Beauty Castle at Disneyland in California, Cinderella Castle at Walt Disney World and Tokyo Disneyland, Le Château de la Belle au Bois Dormant at Disneyland Park in Paris, Castle of Magical Dreams at Hong Kong Disneyland, Enchanted Storybook Castle at Shanghai Disneyland). In most of the parks, the area in front of the castle is known as The Hub or Central Plaza, while Shanghai Disneyland has the Gardens of Imagination in place of a hub/central plaza. At the Hub/Central Plaza, one will find the entrances to most of the other lands at the parks.

Town Square is home to City Hall, in which the Guest Relations office is located. Further along Main Street, the names painted in the windows on Main Street serve as credits for some of the many people, Imagineers and others, who contributed in some way to the creation of Disneyland. Largely they appear as fictional businesses (gyms, realtors, dentists), and they often refer to a hobby or interest that the person honored. Ub Iwerks's window, for example, refers to his prowess with cameras.

Disneyland[edit]

Castle photo from Main Street at Disneyland.
A replica of Walt Disney's apartment at the Walt Disney Family Museum
Main Street at Disneyland in August 2018
Main Street Vehicles
(Disneyland)
Sleeping Beauty Castle
Central Plaza
Car barn
(not open to public)
Main Street, U.S.A.
Steam train transfer
(via short walk inside park)
enlarge…

Inspired by Walt Disney's hometown of Marceline, Missouri (as in the film Lady and the Tramp), Main Street, U.S.A. is designed to resemble the center of an idealized turn-of-the-20th-century (c. 1910) American town.[3] According to Harper Goff, who worked on Main Street, U.S.A. with Walt, he showed Walt some photos of his childhood home of Fort Collins, Colorado. Walt liked the look, and so many of the features of the town were incorporated into Main Street, U.S.A.[4] Another significant source of inspiration for the Main Street, U.S.A. concept came from the Henry Ford Museum & Greenfield Village, which Walt Disney visited twice in the 1940s.[5]

Walt Disney said, "For those of us who remember the carefree time it recreates, Main Street will bring back happy memories. For younger visitors, it is an adventure in turning back the calendar to the days of their grandfather's youth."

Above the firehouse in Town Square at Disneyland is Walt Disney's personal apartment, fully furnished but off-limits to the public. Walt Disney resided there so that he can quickly travel to and from The Walt Disney Company. A lamp is kept burning in the front window as a tribute to his memory, except at Christmas where a small tannenbaum replaces the lamp. It is largely decorated for both Halloween and Christmas.

There is a 60-foot-tall (18 m) Christmas tree during Christmas Time, and there is a 16-foot-high (4.9 m) Mickey Mouse jack-o-lantern on Halloween Time, with additional pumpkin ears. In the circular hub in front of the Sleeping Beauty Castle, the bronze "Partners" statue of Walt Disney and Mickey Mouse is surrounded by smaller bronzes of familiar Disney characters, such as Donald Duck and the White Rabbit from Alice in Wonderland.

The Main Street Opera House in Town Square is the oldest building in Disneyland. It formerly served as the park's lumber mill between 1955 and 1961. The cannons that are displayed in the center of the square were used by the French army during the 1800s, although they were never fired in battle. The gas lamps that line the street originally came from St. Louis and were bought for $.03 a pound.[6]

Partners, sculpted by Blaine Gibson,[7] was added in 1993. During the Halloween season, pumpkin busts for each themed land in the park, except Main Street, are seen around "Partners." It is listed as a real street in the Orange County Thomas Guide.

For Disneyland's 50th anniversary, on July 17, 2005, a first-story window on each Main Street was unveiled with a dedication to all the cast members (employees) who had worked for Disney throughout the years. The streets are paved with resilient asphalt, a type of asphalt containing rubber, to prevent aching of feet. In July 2015, Disneyland expanded their Main Street U.S.A. with a Main Street Arcade in honor of their 60th anniversary.

Attractions and entertainment[edit]

Former attractions and entertainment[edit]

Restaurants and refreshments[edit]

  • Carnation Café[9]
  • Gibson Girl Ice Cream Parlor
  • Jolly Holiday Bakery
  • Main Street Market House (sponsored by Starbucks)
  • Plaza Inn (formerly the Red Wagon Inn)[10]
  • Refreshment Corner

Former restaurants[edit]

  • American Egg House (1978–1983)
  • Blue Ribbon Bakery (1990–2012)
  • Carnation Ice Cream Parlor (1955–1997)
  • Hills Bros. Coffee House & Coffee Garden (1958–1976)
  • Main Street Cone Shop (2000–2014)
  • Maxwell House Coffee Shop (1955–1957)
  • Plaza Pavilion Restaurant (1955–1998)
  • Puffin Bakery (1955–1960)
  • Sunkist Citrus House (1960–1989)
  • Town Square Cafe (1976–1978; 1983–1992)

Shops[edit]

  • 20th Century Music Company
  • Candy Kitchen
  • Candy Palace
  • China Closet
  • Crystal Arts
  • Crystal Palace
  • Disney Clothiers, Ltd.
  • Disneyana
  • Disney Showcase
  • Emporium
  • Main Street Magic Shop[11]
  • Main Street Pin Shop
  • New Century Jewelry
  • Newsstand
  • Penny Arcade
  • Silhouette Studio[12]

Former shops[edit]

  • Annual Pass Center (2005–2009)
  • Bank of America (1955–1992)
  • Bank of Main Street (1992–2005)
  • Candle Shop (1958–1975)
  • Card Corner (1985–1988)
  • Coin Shop (1957–1960)
  • Cole of California Swimsuits (1956–1957)
  • Ellen's Gift Shop (1955–1956)
  • Fine Tobacco (1955–1990)
  • Flower Mart (1957–1995)
  • GAF Photo Salon (1970–1984)
  • Gallen-Kamp Stores Co. (1955–1957)
  • Gibson Greeting Cards (1955–1959)
  • Glass Blower (1955–1966)
  • Grandma's Baby Shop (1955)
  • Great American Pastimes (1991–1999)
  • Hallmark Card Shop (1960–1985)
  • Hurricane Lamp Shop (1972–1976)
  • Intimate Apparel (1955–1956)
  • Jemrock Shop (1955–1957)
  • Jewelry Shop (1957–1986)
  • Jimmy Starr's Show Business Souvenirs (1956–1959)
  • Kodak Camera Center (1984–1994)
  • Mickey Mouse Club Headquarters Shop (1963–1964)
  • New Century Watches & Clocks (1972–2008)
  • Patented Pastimes (1990–1991)
  • Pen Shop (1955–1959)
  • Polaroid Camera Center (1955–1970)
  • Ruggles China & Glass Shop (1955–1964)
  • Story Book Shop (1955–1980)
  • Sunny-View Farms Jams & Jellies (1955–1957)
  • Town Square Realty (1955–1960)
  • Upjohn Pharmacy (1955–1970)
  • Watches & Clocks (1955–1971)
  • Wonderland Music (1960–1972)
  • Wurlitzer Music Hall (1955–1968)
  • Yale & Towne Lock Shop (1955–1964)
  • Western Printing Book Shop (1980–1995)

Magic Kingdom[edit]

Mickey Mouse and Minnie Mouse in the Celebrate a Dream Come True Parade down Main Street, U.S.A.
The Dapper Dans on Main Street, U.S.A.

Main Street, U.S.A. at Magic Kingdom Park is themed as an early-20th century American town, inspired by Walt Disney's childhood home of Marceline, Missouri. Symbolically, Main Street represents the park's "opening credits", where guests pass under the train station (the opening curtain) at left or right, then view the names of key personnel along the windows of the buildings' upper floors. Many windows bear the name of a fictional business, such as "Seven Summits Expeditions, Frank G. Wells President", with each representing a tribute to significant people connected to the Disney company and the development of the Walt Disney World Resort. It features stylistic influences from around the country. Taking its inspiration from New England to Missouri, this design is most noticeable in the four corners in the middle of Main Street, where each of the four corner buildings represents a different architectural style. There is no opera house as there is at Disneyland; instead, there is the Town Square Theatre. The second stories of all the buildings along Main Street are shorter than the first stories, and are offices for Walt Disney World management.

Main Street, U.S.A. at Magic Kingdom

Table-Service Restaurants

  • Tony's Town Square Restaurant - primarily Italian menu themed by The Lady and the Tramp
  • The Plaza Restaurant
  • Crystal Palace - features Winnie the Pooh & Friends character buffet-dining

Quick-Service Food

  • Casey's Corner - Americana-baseball themed, specializing in hot-dogs, currently sponsored by Coca-Cola.
  • Main Street Bakery - the parks only Starbucks location. Operated by Disney.
  • Main Street Confectionery - sells sweets including custom popcorn flavors, currently sponsored by Mars-Wrigley, and includes a show kitchen.
  • Main Street Popcorn Stand - located in front of the Chamber of Commerce.
  • The Plaza Ice Cream Parlour - currently sponsored by Edys.

Attractions

  • Meet Mickey Mouse in the Town Square Theatre ▲

Buildings and Points of Interest

  • City Hall - guest relations.
  • Chamber of Commerce - lost and found.
  • Fire Station - historical fire fighter memorabilia inside .
  • Main Street Train Station - historical railroad memorabilia inside.
  • Main Street Flag Pole - a daily retreat ceremony is performed.
  • Share The Magic Statue - a statue of Roy Disney sitting with Minnie Mouse.
  • Harmony Barbershop - offers basic haircuts, popular for babies first haircuts.
  • Main Street Car Barn - home of the Main Street Vehicles that transport guests to The Hub at specific times during the day.
  • Main Street First Aid & Babycare - provides medical attention and services for mothers and babies.
  • Photo Pass & Memory Maker Service Station - located inside the Town Square Theatre.

Entertainment

  • The Dapper Dans - a men's acapella singing group. (1971-present)
  • Casey's Corner Pianist - professional pianist plays Disney music on an outdoor piano. (1971-present)
  • Disney's Festival of Fantasy Parade (2014-present)
  • Mickey's Magical Friendship Faire - A daily castle stage show performed in front of Cinderella Castle. (2022-present)
  • Disney Adventure Friends Cavalcade (2022-present)
  • Happily Ever After (2017-2021) (2023-present)
  • Disney Enchantment (October 1, 2021–April 2, 2023) (January 11, 2024-present)

Annual Event Entertainment

Merchandise

  • Emporium - the largest merchandise location in the park, lining the Westside of the street.
  • Curtain Call Collectibles - located inside the Town Square Theatre. Also the main ear-hat embroidery location.
  • Box Office Gifts - located inside the Town Square Theatre.
  • Crystal Arts - operated by Arribas Brothers, a third-party vendor specializing in engraved glass and glassblowing. Demonstrations of glassblowing are shown inside. [13]
  • Main Street Balloons - usually located at Center Street. Operated by third-party Rubio Arts.
  • Main Street Caricature & Cameo Artist - located on Center Street.
  • Main Street Cinema - a gift shop for various merchandise collections. Disney-cartoons are played inside, projected on the back wall of the shop.
  • Uptown Jewelers - the parks main shop for jewelry, bags, and accessories.
  • Pandora Jewelry - located inside Uptown Jewelers, staffed by third-party Pandora specialists.

Former attractions and entertainment[edit]

Fireworks

Parades

  • America on Parade (June 14, 1975–September 6, 1976)
  • Mickey Mouse Club Parade (1977)
  • Mickey's 50th Birthday Parade (1978)
  • Dumbo's Circus Parade (1979)
  • Tencennial Parade (1981–1982)
  • Mickey Mouse Character Parade (1983–1984)
  • Donald's 50th Birthday Parade (Early-Mid 1984-November 1984)
  • Mickey's Street Party (January 1985 – 1986)
  • 15 Years of Magic (October 1, 1986–September 30, 1987)
  • Spirit of America Parade (October 1, 1987–1988)
  • Mickey's All-American Birthday Parade (1988–1990)
  • Disney Character Hit Parade (1989–1991)
  • 20th Anniversary "Surprise" Celebration Parade/Surprise Celebration (September 21, 1991–June 4, 1994)
  • Mickey Mania (June 1, 1994–September 30, 1996)
  • 25th Anniversary "Remember the Magic" Parade/Disney's Magical Moments Parade (September 27, 1996–September 30th, 2001)
  • Share a Dream Come True (October 1, 2001–August 9, 2006)
  • Family Fun Day Parade (2006–2007)
  • Disney Dreams Come True Parade (August 10, 2006-November 2008)
  • Disney Dreams Come True Parade (July 2006 – 2009)
  • SpectroMagic (October 1, 1991–May 21, 1999) (April 2, 2001–June 4, 2010)
  • Celebrate A Dream Come True Parade (January 23, 2009-January 4, 2014)
  • Move It! Shake It! Celebrate It! Street Party (February 2009-October 23, 2014)
  • Main Street Electrical Parade (June 11, 1977– September 14, 1991) (May 21, 1999–April 1, 2001) (June 6, 2010–October 9, 2016)
  • Move It! Shake It! Dance & Play It! Street Party (October 24, 2014-December 1, 2018)
  • Move It! Shake It! MousekeDance It! Street Party (January 18, 2019-March 15, 2020)
  • 50th Anniversary "Mickey’s Celebration" Cavalcade (October 1, 2021-March 31, 2023)

Other attractions

  • Penny Arcade (1971–1995)
  • Main Street Cinema (1971–1998)
  • Swan Boats (May 20, 1973-August 1983)
  • The Walt Disney Story (1973–1992)
  • VMK Central
  • Cinderella's Surprise Celebration (October 1, 2001-February 26, 2005)
  • Cinderellabration (2005-2006)
  • The Disney Villains Mix and Mingle (2005-October 31, 2014)
  • Dream Along with Mickey (October 1, 2006-April 2, 2016)
  • Sorcerers of the Magic Kingdom (2012–2021)

Tokyo Disneyland[edit]

World Bazaar at Tokyo Disneyland during the Christmas Season

The World Bazaar is the alternative of Main Street, U.S.A. It is covered by a glass Victorian-style conservatory roof to shield guests from the Japanese weather. Amongst others, World Bazaar features a 1920s American Art Deco styled restaurant. World Bazaar features the most eateries out of the "Main Streets", with three table service restaurants (four including Club 33). There is also a larger side street called "Center Street" that runs across Main Street which exits on either side into Tomorrowland and Adventureland. This was the first "Main Street" that did not have a train station (the other "Main Street" being in Shanghai Disneyland.) World Bazaar is also home to Tokyo Disneyland's Club 33.

Attractions and entertainment[edit]

  • Bicycle Piano
  • Omnibus
  • Penny Arcade
  • Sax Four
  • Tokyo Disneyland Band

Former attractions and entertainment[edit]

Restaurants and refreshments[edit]

  • Eastside Cafe
  • Center Street Coffeehouse
  • Restaurant Hokusai
  • Ice Cream Cones
  • Sweetheart Cafe
  • Refreshment Corner
  • Great American Waffle Company
  • Club 33

Shops[edit]

  • World Bazaar Confectionery
  • Grand Emporium
  • Main Street Daily
  • Camera Center
  • Town Center Fashions
  • Harrington's Jewelry & Watches
  • Pastry Palace
  • Toy Station
  • Magic Shop
  • House of Greetings
  • Silhouette Studio
  • The Disney Gallery
  • Disney & Co.
  • The Home Store

Disneyland Paris[edit]

Horse-Drawn Streetcars
(Disneyland Park (Paris))
Sleeping Beauty Castle
Central Plaza
Car barn
(not open to public)
Main Street, U.S.A.
Steam train transfer
(via short walk inside park)
enlarge…

This street is an almost exact copy of the street in Florida, though Town Square is different. It is influenced by New York city architecture. The original idea was going to be a new approach, completely different from the other versions. Themed to America in the 1920s rather than turn-of-the-century, influenced by the jazz era, cinema, flapper, gangsters, and Art Deco architecture. An era that fascinated Europeans. Attractions would include a 360° cinema, a speakeasy, and an elevated tramway to fit with the 1920s theme instead of horse-drawn trolleys and Victorian vehicles. Eventually the whole idea was scrapped, only Main Street Motors, with the large billboards on top of it, is one of the few remaining elements of it.

Due to often cold, rainy weather in the area, the Imagineers created covered walkways on either side of Main Street called "arcades". There is the "Discovery Arcade" on the side closest to Discoveryland, and the "Liberty Arcade" on the side closest to Frontierland. These provide access to all of the shops along the length of Main Street, while giving shelter from the weather. They also provide a passageway when the street is crowded during parades and fireworks.


Attractions and entertainment[edit]

Restaurants and refreshments[edit]

  • Walt's – An American Restaurant
  • Plaza Gardens Restaurant
  • Casey's Corner
  • Victoria's Home-Style Restaurant
  • Market House Deli
  • Cable Car Bake shop
  • Cookie Kitchen
  • The Coffee Grinder
  • The Ice Cream Company
  • The Gibson Girl Ice Cream Parlour

Shops[edit]

  • Plaza East & West Boutiques
  • The Storybook Store
  • Ribbons & Bows Hat Shop
  • The Bixby Brothers
  • Emporium
  • Dapper Dan's Hair Cuts
  • New Century Notions, replacing Town Square Photography as of 1 August 2014.
  • Boardwalk Candy Palace
  • Disney Clothiers, Ltd.
  • Main Street Motors
  • Harrington's Fine China & Porcelains
  • Disneyana Collectibles
  • Lilly's Boutique
  • Disney & Co.

Hong Kong Disneyland[edit]

A cannon located at the Town Square of Hong Kong Disneyland
Emporium at night

Inspired by the main street in Disneyland, the buildings of this Main Street are almost identical to those in Anaheim. Like other main streets, Hong Kong Disneyland's Main Street, U.S.A. serves as the entrance of the park. Plans originally featured a restaurant under the Hong Kong Disneyland Railroad station, but were scrapped due to budget reasons. Unlike Main Streets from other parks, Main Street at Hong Kong Disneyland is built mainly of wood instead of stone.

The decor is 20th-century small-town America from about the years 1890–1910. Though being very similar to Anaheim's main street, the story of this street is heavily influenced by European immigrants. Plaza Inn has the same exterior design as the one in Anaheim but its theme is about a wealthy American couple who traveled to Hong Kong, fell in love with its culture and cuisine, and returned to create a classical English eatery filled with all the decorations they collected on their journeys. The Market House Bakery was founded by a Viennese pastry chef who brought some of the world's most famous desserts and coffee cakes from the Austrian imperial court. There are no horse-drawn streetcars on this street, although tracks for the streetcars can be seen from early conceptual arts.

In early August 2008, The Disneyland Story presenting How Mickey Mouse Came to Hong Kong was closed. It was re-themed to Art of Animation on August 31. On January 21, 2011, a new shop named Center Street Boutique was opened. On August 21, 2012, a new shop named Victorian Collection was opened, between Emporium and Centennial Hall.

Attractions and entertainment[edit]

  • Animation Academy (2007–present)
  • Art of Animation (2007–present)
  • The Annex
  • Flights of Fantasy Parade
  • Hong Kong Disneyland Railroad - Main Street Station (2005–present)
  • Main Street Entertainment
  • Main Street Vehicles
  • Meet Chip and Dale in Main Street
  • Meet Daisy at Town Square
  • Meet Donald at Town Square
  • Meet Duffy and Friends at Main Street Cinema
  • Meet Goofy in Main Street
  • Meet Mickey and Minnie at Town Square
  • Meet Pluto in Main Street
  • Momentous (2022-present)

Past attractions and entertainment[edit]

  • The Disneyland Story presenting How Mickey Mouse Came to Hong Kong (2005–2008, re-themed as Art of Animation)
  • The Dapper Dans (2007–2008)
  • Main Street Haunted Hotel (2007-2011)
  • Turtle Talk with Crush (2008)
  • Mickey's House (2008–2009)
  • High School Musical: LIVE! (2008–2011, re-themed as Lightning McQueen "LIVE"!)
  • Tinker Bell's Pixie Dusted Castle (2010–2011)
  • "The Magic Continues" Preview Gallery (2011)
  • Lightning McQueen "LIVE"! (2011)
  • Graves Academy (2012–2014)
  • Monsters University Administration Building (2013)
  • "Disney In The Stars" Fireworks (2005–2018)
  • Royal Princess Garden (2017–2019)
  • Bibbidi Bobbidi Boutique (2017–2019)
  • We Love Mickey! (2018-2023)
  • "Disney Paint the Night" Nighttime Spectacular (2014–2020; cancelled)

Restaurants and refreshments[edit]

  • Market House Bakery
  • Main Street Corner Cafe
  • Main Street Market
  • Plaza Inn
  • Popcorn, Cotton Candy, Frozen Lollipops Cart
  • Sandwiches, Coffee Corner

Shops[edit]

  • Castle View Gifts
  • Centennial Hall
  • Center Street Boutique
  • Emporium
  • Flower St. Boutique
  • Main Street Cinema: My Journeys with Duffy
  • Main Street Sweets
  • Silhouette Studio
  • The Curiosity Shop
  • Town Square Photo
  • Town Square Sundries
  • Victorian Collection

Former shops[edit]

  • Crystal Arts
  • Midtown Jewelry
  • Newsstand

Shanghai Disneyland[edit]

Mickey Avenue, the entrance of the Shanghai Disneyland Park, is the park's equivalent to Main Street, U.S.A.. The area is inspired by the personalities of Disney cartoon characters such as Mickey Mouse, Minnie Mouse, Donald Duck, and Chip 'n' Dale, as well as Disney films including, Ratatouille, The Three Caballeros, and Lady and the Tramp.[16] Avenue M Arcade, the largest gift shop in the park,[17] is modeled after the Carthay Circle Theater.[18] The Storytellers statue, which depicts a young Walt Disney and Mickey Mouse, is located at the end of Mickey Avenue and in front of the Gardens of Imagination.

Attractions and entertainment[edit]

  • Meet Minnie Mouse and Friends
  • Shanghai Disneyland Band

Restaurants and refreshments[edit]

  • Il Paperino
  • Mickey & Pals Market Café
  • Remy's Patisserie

Shops[edit]

  • Avenue M Arcade
  • Carefree Corner
  • Sweethearts Confectionery
  • Whistle Stop Shop

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Overview of World Bazaar". Chris's Tokyo Disney Resort Fan Site. Archived from the original on 2022-08-08. Retrieved 2022-08-07.
  2. ^ "How Disney made sure Shanghai Disneyland doesn't put off Chinese visitors". 12 July 2016. Archived from the original on July 14, 2016.
  3. ^ Watts, Steven (1995). "Walt Disney: Art and Politics in the American Century". The Journal of American History. 82 (1): 84–110. doi:10.2307/2081916. ISSN 0021-8723. JSTOR 2081916.
  4. ^ "Local History Archive Larimer Legends – Old Town & Disneyland – City of Fort Collins, Colorado". Library.ci.fort-collins.co.us. Archived from the original on 2009-01-25. Retrieved 2013-12-19.
  5. ^ The Henry Ford – Walt Disney Visits Henry Ford's Greenfield Village Archived 2015-12-24 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Jim Fanning (2009). Disneyland Challenge. Disney Editions. p. 7. ISBN 978-1-4231-0675-3.
  7. ^ "Main Street USA Trivia". 2007-12-17. Archived from the original on 2007-12-19.
  8. ^ a b "Trams of the World 2017" (PDF). Blickpunkt Straßenbahn. January 24, 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 16, 2017. Retrieved February 16, 2017.
  9. ^ "Carnation Café Review". Hunting Pixie Dust. 2018-07-30. Retrieved 2019-02-14.
  10. ^ "The Story of the Red Wagon Inn". Mouseplanet.com. 2007-07-04. Retrieved 2013-12-19.
  11. ^ Mark Eades (March 2, 2010). "Take a peek inside Disneyland's Magic Shop". Orange County Register. Archived from the original on 2013-07-21.
  12. ^ Eades, Mark (December 27, 2015). "Disneyland's porch with a view". Local. The Orange County Register. p. 2.
  13. ^ [1]
  14. ^ a b "ディズニーランドで9種の新アトモスフィア・ショーがスタート!【全紹介】". マイナビニュース (in Japanese). 2016-06-20. Retrieved 2021-06-09.
  15. ^ a b みっこ (2018-12-28). "2018年「東京ディズニーリゾート」10大ニュースまとめ". ディズニー特集 -ウレぴあ総研 (in Japanese). Retrieved 2021-06-09.
  16. ^ "Additional details revealed about Shanghai Disneyland: Tangled restaurant, Jack Sparrow stunt show, Tim Burton: Alice in Wonderland maze". Inside the Magic. 3 August 2015. Retrieved August 20, 2015.
  17. ^ "Shanghai Disneyland Themed Lands to Include New Attractions, Live Shows". Disney Parks Blog. 14 July 2015. Retrieved August 20, 2015.
  18. ^ "D23 Expo: Disney Parks & Resorts Pavilion takes you to Shanghai". MiceChat. Retrieved August 20, 2015.