Richmond Main Street Station
Richmond Main Street Station in 2008
|Location||1500 East Main Street|
|Owned by||City of Richmond|
|Platforms||1 side platform|
|Passengers (2018)||48,384 4.38%|
Main Street Station and Trainshed
Richmond Main Street Station in 1971
|Location||Richmond, Virginia, USA|
|Architect||Wilson, Harris, & Richards|
|Architectural style||Beaux Arts, Other|
|NRHP reference #||70000867|
|Added to NRHP||October 15, 1970|
|Designated NHL||December 8, 1976|
|Designated VLR||July 7, 1970|
Richmond Main Street Station, officially the Main Street Station and Trainshed, is a historic railroad station and office building in Richmond, Virginia. It was built in 1901, and is served by Amtrak. It is planned to become the northern terminus of the Southeast High Speed Rail Corridor and an intermodal station with Richmond's city transit bus services, which are performed by Greater Richmond Transit Company (GRTC). With uppermost sections next to the James River Bridge of Interstate 95, it is colloquially known by locals as The Clock Tower. It is a U.S. National Historic Landmark. Presently Main Street Station serves as a secondary train station for Richmond providing limited Amtrak service directly to downtown Richmond. Several Amtrak trains serving the Richmond metropolitan area presently only stop at the area's primary rail station, Staples Mill Road which is located five miles to the north in Henrico County.
Since 2018, the station has also been a stop along the GRTC Pulse bus rapid transit line.
Richmond's Main Street Station in the downtown area was built in 1901 by the Seaboard Air Line Railroad (SAL) and the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway (C&O). Seaboard had newly introduced service to Richmond, and C&O had consolidated the former Virginia Central Railroad and the Richmond and Allegheny Railroad, which had previously maintained separate stations.
The ornate Main Street Station was designed by the Philadelphia firm of Wilson, Harris, and Richards in the Second Renaissance Revival style. In the 1950s, Seaboard shifted its Richmond passenger service to Broad Street Station (now the Science Museum of Virginia), but C&O maintained offices in the upper floors, and its passenger service continued at Main Street Station until Amtrak took over in 1971. In 1970, Main Street Station and its trainshed, one of the last surviving trainsheds of its type in the nation, were added to the National Register of Historic Places. In 1976 it was designated a National Historic Landmark.
In 1972, Hurricane Agnes caused the James River to flood the station. The damage was so severe that in 1975, Amtrak moved its Richmond stops to Richmond Staples Mill Road, a much smaller suburban station in Henrico County, five miles north of downtown. To make matters worse, the station was damaged by fires in 1976 and 1983.  Rail service did not return to Main Street Station until 2003, when it was renovated and returned to service on December 18.
The station is served by two daily Northeast Regional trains terminating at Newport News, with a third southbound service to Newport News on Fridays. Northbound trains provide direct service to Union Station in Washington, Pennsylvania Station in New York, and South Station in Boston, among other stops.
|Ground level||Station building and parking|
|Platform level||Side platform, doors will open on the left, right|
|Track 1||← Northeast Regional toward Newport News (Williamsburg) |
Northeast Regional toward Boston (Richmond – Staples Mill Road) →
Local officials hope to increase the number of trains by extending some services which currently terminate at the suburban Henrico County station, Richmond Staples Mill Road station. The completion of a bypass around Acca Yard in March 2019 allowed a second Northeast Regional round trip to Norfolk to begin, though it did not immediately increase service to Main Street Station. The 2017 Draft Environmental Impact Report of the DC2RVA project recommended routing all Staples Mill-serving trains through Main Street Station, while maintaining full service to Staples Mill. Other considered alternatives had involved closing one of the two stations, or replacing both with a single station at Boulevard or Broad Street.
Main Street Station is located on the Southeast High Speed Rail Corridor (SEHSR), a passenger rail transportation project planned to connect with the existing high speed rail corridor from Boston, Massachusetts to Washington, D.C., known as the Northeast Corridor (served by Amtrak's Acela Express and Northeast Regional services and many commuter railroads) and extend similar high speed passenger rail services south through Richmond and Petersburg in Virginia through Raleigh and Charlotte in North Carolina. Since first established in 1992, the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) has since extended the corridor to Atlanta and Macon, Georgia; Columbia, South Carolina; Jacksonville, Florida; and Birmingham, Alabama.
In 2018, the station became a stop on the GRTC Bus Rapid Transit's Broad and Main Street Line. There are also plans for Main Street Station to become an intermodal station with Richmond's city bus services operated by GRTC, a public service company owned jointly by the City of Richmond and Chesterfield County.
- Broad Street Station
- Transportation in Richmond, Virginia
- List of National Historic Landmarks in Virginia
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Richmond, Virginia
- "Amtrak Fact Sheet, FY2018, Commonwealth of Virginia" (PDF). Amtrak Government Affairs. June 2019. Retrieved 28 December 2019.
- "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 2013-03-12.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. April 15, 2008.
- "Main Street Station and Trainshed". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-06-27.
- Dennis M. Zembala and Eric DeLony (August 2, 1976). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Seaboard Airline/Chesapeake & Ohio Railroads: Main Street Station & Trainshed / New Union Station" (pdf). National Park Service. Cite journal requires
|journal=(help) and Accompanying four photos, exterior and interior, from 1971 (32 KB)
- The History of Main Street Station (Richmond Metropolitan Authority) Archived 2011-11-01 at the Wayback Machine
- Heidi Schwartz (August 2005). "Richmond's Rail Revival". Today's Facility Manager. Retrieved 19 December 2009.
- "RICHMOND Main Street Station VIRGINIA (RVM)". TrainWeb. Retrieved 16 June 2010.
- "Virginia Service" (PDF). Amtrak.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-06-19. Retrieved 2017-06-08.
- Suarez Rojas, C. (March 5, 2019). "State transportation officials announce completion of bypass designed to alleviate Acca Yard bottleneck". Richmond Times-Dispatch.
- "Executive Summary". TIER II DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT (PDF). Washington, D.C. to Richmond Southeast High Speed Rail Project. Federal Railroad Administration and Virginia Department of Rail and Public Transportation. September 2017. pp. 63, 64.
Media related to Main Street Station (Richmond) at Wikimedia Commons
- Richmond Main Street – Amtrak
- Richmond - Main Street, VA (RVM) (Amtrak's Great American Stations)
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. VA-848, "Main Street Station, 1520 East Main Street, Richmond, Independent City, VA", 12 photos, 7 data pages, 1 photo caption page
- HABS No. VA-848-A, "Main Street Station, Trainshed", 1 photo
- HABS No. VA-848-B, "Main Street Station, Railroad YMCA", 1 photo
- Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) No. VA-4, "Union Station Trainshed, Main Street, Richmond, Independent City, VA", 11 photos, 3 measured drawings, 1 data page, 1 photo caption page