Mainland Affairs Council

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Coordinates: 25°02′33″N 121°31′11″E / 25.04250°N 121.51972°E / 25.04250; 121.51972

Mainland Affairs Council
大陸委員會
Dàlù Wěiyuánhuì (Mandarin)
Thai-liu̍k Vî-yèn-fi (Hakka)
ROC Mainland Affairs Council Seal.svg
Agency overview
FormedAugust 1988 (as Inter-Agency Mainland Affairs Committee)
28 January 1991 (as MAC)[1]
JurisdictionTaiwan
HeadquartersZhongzheng, Taipei
Ministers responsible
Parent agencyExecutive Yuan
Websitewww.mac.gov.tw
Mainland Affairs Council
Traditional Chinese大陸委員會
Simplified Chinese大陆委员会
Literal meaningMainland Committee

The Mainland Affairs Council (MAC) is a cabinet-level administrative agency under the Executive Yuan of Taiwan. The MAC is responsible for the planning, development, and implementation of policies between the Republic of China on Taiwan and the People's Republic of China which administers mainland China, Hong Kong and Macau.[2] The MAC's counterpart body in the PRC is the Taiwan Affairs Office. Both states officially claim each other's territory, however the Republic of China controls only Taiwan and surrounding islands, and therefore is usually known as "Taiwan", sometimes referred to as the "Free Area" of the Republic of China by the Constitution of the Republic of China. The People's Republic of China controls mainland China as well as Hong Kong, Macau, Hainan, and other islands and is therefore usually known simply as "China".

The Mainland Affairs Council is administered by a cabinet level Minister. The current Minister is Chen Ming-tong.

The council plays an important role in setting policy and development of relations with mainland China and advising the central government.[2] The agency funds and indirectly administers the Straits Exchange Foundation which is the official intermediary with the PRC.

History[edit]

In November 1987, relations between the two sides of the Taiwan Strait have improved considerably after ROC government began to allow family-related visits to Mainland China. The Executive Yuan therefore established the Inter-Agency Mainland Affairs Committee in August 1988 as a taskforce to handle mainland-related affairs among the authorities. In April 1990, the ROC government drafted the Organization Act for the Mainland Affairs Council to strengthen Mainland China policy making and to enhance policy making efficiency. The third reading of the act was passed by the Legislative Yuan on 18 January 1991. On 28 January 1991, the act was promulgated by President Lee Teng-hui thus officially authorized the Mainland Affairs Council to be the agency for the overall planning and handling of affairs towards Mainland China.[1][2]

Organizational structure[edit]

Mainland Affairs Council office
Mainland Affairs Council press conference lectern

The agency is organized in the following departments:[3]

Internal departments[edit]

  • Department of Policy Planning
  • Department of Cultural and Educational Affairs
  • Department of Economic Affairs
  • Department of Legal Affairs
  • Department of Hong Kong and Macao Affairs
  • Department of Information and Liaison

Offices[edit]

  • Secretariat
  • Personnel Office
  • Accounting Office
  • Civil Servant Ethics Office
  • Information Management

Others[edit]

List of MAC heads[edit]

Chen Ming-tong, the incumbent Minister of MAC.

  Non-partisan/ unknown   Kuomintang (Nationalist)   Democratic Progressive Party   Taiwan Solidarity Union

Name Term of Office Days Political Party
1 Shih Chi-yang (施啟揚) 7 February 1991 31 May 1991 113 Kuomintang
2 Huang Kun-huei (黃昆輝) 1 June 1991 14 December 1994 1292 Kuomintang
3 Vincent Siew (蕭萬長) 15 December 1994 3 December 1995 353 Kuomintang
Kao Koong-lian (高孔廉) 3 December 1995 27 February 1996 86 Kuomintang
4 Chang King-yuh (張京育) 28 February 1996 31 January 1999 1068 Kuomintang
5 Su Chi (蘇起) 1 February 1999 19 May 2000 473 Kuomintang
6 Tsai Ing-wen (蔡英文) 20 May 2000 19 May 2004 1460 Independent
7 Joseph Wu (吳釗燮) 20 May 2004 10 April 2007 1055 Democratic Progressive Party
8 Chen Ming-tong (陳明通) 10 April 2007 19 May 2008 405 Democratic Progressive Party
9 Lai Shin-yuan (賴幸媛) 20 May 2008 28 September 2012 1592[a] Taiwan Solidarity Union
10 Wang Yu-chi (王郁琦) 28 September 2012 16 February 2015 871 Kuomintang
11 Andrew Hsia (夏立言) 16 February 2015 19 May 2016 458
12 Katharine Chang (張小月) 20 May 2016 26 February 2018 647 Independent
Lin Cheng-yi (林正義) as acting 26 February 2018 19 March 2018 21 Independent
(8) Chen Ming-tong (陳明通) 19 March 2018 Incumbent 240 Democratic Progressive Party

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Longest serving minister.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.mac.gov.tw/ct.asp?xItem=94003&ctNode=7108&mp=3
  2. ^ a b c Chi, Su (2009). "Conciliation in cross-strait relations". Taiwan's relations with Mainland China. London and New York: Routledge. p. 4. ISBN 978-0-415-46454-3. Retrieved August 28, 2017.
  3. ^ http://www.mac.gov.tw/ct.asp?xItem=94005&ctNode=7108&mp=3

External links[edit]

  • Official website (in Chinese)