|Elevation||153 m (502 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Mainpuri is a city and a municipal board in Mainpuri district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of the Mainpuri district and is situated to the north-east of Agra and is 270 km from New Delhi. Mainpuri forms part of ancient legendary region of Lord Krishna's land called Braj.
Mainpuri railway station is the nearest railway station. The closest civil airport is at Agra, which is 109 km away.
Per provisional data of 2011 census, Mainpuri urban agglomeration had a population of 133,078, out of which males were 69,788 and females were 63,290. The literacy rate was 85.66 per cent.
As of 2001[update] India census, Mainpuri had a population of 89,535. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Mainpuri has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 74%, and female literacy is 64%. In Mainpuri, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age. People speak Kannauji and Braj Bhasha in day to day communication.
The city has some very old and popular Hindu temples. These include Sheetla Devi Temple, where every year during March/April, a Rural Exhibition-cum-Trade Fair is held for 20 days. Bhimsen Mandir is an ancient Shiv temple and "Falahari Ashram" situated on Jyoti-Devi Road has very rare Statue of Goddess Durga with 18 Arms.Another ancient Shiv temple is Chandeshwar Mandir situated on chandeshwar road,the road begins from maharaja Tej Singh chuarah, near the bridge of river Isan, and terminates on Ashram road. Also located on Devi road are twin Shiv Temples of Kale Mahadev and Shweat Mahadev. Hanuman Temple situated on old Tehsil Road is visited by thousands on Tuesdays and Saturdays.
Places of interest
Fort of Maharaja Tej Singh Chauhan is situated at old Mainpuri at Devi Road. The Raja's palace is not a spot of tourist interest. The fort has become private property and only its ruins exist now. Nobody, not even locals, can visit the palace.
The Raja's palace, The Garhi, is the major point of tourist interest in the town. Modern places of attraction are Phoolbagh and Lohia Park. Phoolbagh is situated at Jail Chauraha while Lohia Park is situated at District Collectorate. Both the parks have green lawn and fountains.
Mainpuri is also known for sarus crane (Grus antigone). This elegant bird, called krouncha in India, is revered as a symbol of marital fidelity and is celebrated in myth and legend. There are estimated to be 8,000-10,000 sarus cranes in India. Two-thirds of its population resides in Karhal village anjani.
The district hospital is also named as Maharaja Tej Singh Jila Chikitsalya. Maharaja Tej Singh Jila Chikitsalya has a cancer hospital in its compound which is developed by state government with the help of the World Bank. Mainpuri janch kendra is important pathology in district having three branches. Mainpuri District has very high number of cancer patients due to consumption of kapuri (camphor) flavoured tobacco.
Mainpuri is well connected with other parts of the state by road and broad gauge railway so one can also visit Mainpuri by train. Currently, the only two trains are the Kalindi express and the Kanpur Anand Vihar express, which connect Mainpuri to Delhi and Kanpur. The city is also linked by railways to Farrukhabad and Kanpur. Major cities within a 300 kilometres (190 mi) range of Mainpuri include Agra, Delhi, Bareilly, Meerut, Firozabad, Shikohabad, Etawah, Gwalior and Kanpur.
The proposed Agra Lucknow Expressway will connect Mainpuri to Lucknow.
- Subodh Kapoor (2002). The Indian Encyclopaedia: India (Central Provinces)-Indology. Genesis Publishing Pvt Ltd. p. 3432. ISBN 9788177552683.
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.