Maio, Cape Verde

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For other uses, see Maio (disambiguation).
Maio
Native name: Dja r’ Mai’
Bela-vista-net-Maio-map.jpg
Image-Locator map of Maio, Cape Verde.png
Geography
Location Atlantic Ocean
Coordinates 15°13′33″N 23°9′56″W / 15.22583°N 23.16556°W / 15.22583; -23.16556
Area 269 km2 (104 sq mi)
Length 31 km (19.3 mi)
Width 25 km (15.5 mi)
Highest elevation 436 m (1,430 ft)
Highest point Monte Penoso
Administration
Cape Verde
Concelhos (Municipalities) Maio
Largest settlement Vila do Maio
Additional information
Official website www.municipiodomaio.cv

Maio (in Cape Verdean Creole: Dja r’ Mai) is the easternmost of the Sotavento islands of Cape Verde. Maio is located south of the island of Boa Vista and east of Santiago. The island is known for its sandy beaches and large forest, which is unusual for Cape Verde. Administratively, the island forms one concelho (municipality): Maio.

History[edit]

The island was named Maio (Portuguese for "May") after its first sighting on May 1, 1460. The island was populated years later.

The inconclusive Battle of Maio was fought between British and French frigate squadrons off the island's southern coast on 23 January 1814 in the last stages of the Napoleonic Wars.

USS Yorktown was making its way to visit the nearby island of Santiago and some other African places, it visited Maio on September 4, instead, it sunk around the island on September 6 making it one of the first American ship and likely its first sloop to sink in Cape Verdean waters and Maio island, the crew stayed for over a month until October 8 when the USS Dale arrived to pick up the crew and they were transferred to the Portsmouth.

Drought and famine like the rest of the country also stricken Maio in the late 19th and the early and mid 20th centuries. Maio in its recent decades saw growth that the population is nearly 10,000 today.

Geography[edit]

The island covers an area of 269 km². The tallest mountain on the island (436 m) is on the east coast, in a mountain range named Monte Penoso. Ts is a plain filled with salt, in the far north. The northernmost point on the island is Ponta Cais. Bays includes Galeão and Santana to the north. The island’s main town is Vila do Maio, also known as Porto Inglês, near which its airport, Maio Airport lies.

Others places are:

  • Barreiro (Len Varela e Banda Riba),
  • Figueira - (Figueira da Horta e Figueira Seca),
  • Ribeira Dom João,
  • Pilão Cão,
  • Alcatraz,
  • Pedro Vaz,
  • Praia Gonçalo,
  • Santo António,
  • Cascabulho (Cascabutch),
  • Morrinho,
  • Calheta (Cadjeta)
  • Morro

pink horses are found

City of Maio at sunset

Population[edit]

As of 1832, the population was estimated at 2,500.[1]

Population of Maio, Cape Verde (1940—2010)
1940[2] 1950[2] 1960[2] 1970[2] 1980[2] 1990[2] 2000[3] 2010[4]
2237 1924 2680 3466 4098 4969 6754 8303

Most people in Maio are Roman Catholic.

Economy[edit]

The island prospered around salt collecting in its early days of colonialism, with a little agriculture and grazing.

There are two types of agriculture practice in Maio, rain fed and irrigated. During the raining season products as corn, beans, pumpkins and melons are being cultivated. Products that farmers cultivate year around are sweet potato, cassava, papaya, fig, coconut and tamarind. Goats, cows, pigs, chickens and donkeys are common on the island. Few people own a horse. Scarcity of water is the biggest problem for the locals.

Fishery is important and abundant available. Tuna, sailfish and different coral fishes as the coral hind are been caught.

The economy is heavily supported by migrants who send money to their family on the island.

Tourism is slowly being developed.

Sports[edit]

Football is by far the most popular sport, but water sports as surfing, diving and swimming are becoming more popular.

The local football competition:

Main article: Maio Island League

References[edit]

  1. ^ Roberts, Edmund (1837). Embassy to the Eastern Courts of Cochin-China, Siam, and Muscat. New York: Harper & Brothers. p. 17. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Source: Statoids
  3. ^ Source: Instituto Nacional de Estatísticas.
  4. ^ Source: projection to 2010 from the Instituto Nacional de Estatísticas.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 15°13′33″N 23°9′56″W / 15.22583°N 23.16556°W / 15.22583; -23.16556