Mairasi language

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Mairasi
Native toWest Papua, Indonesia
RegionBomberai Peninsula
Native speakers
3,300 (1996)[1]
Mairasi
  • Mairasi
Language codes
ISO 639-3zrs
Glottolognucl1594[2]

Mairasi (AKA Faranyao and Kaniran) is a Papuan language of the Bomberai Peninsula of West Papua, Indonesia.

The Northeastern dialect may be a distinct language.

Phonology[edit]

Consonants:[3]

t ʔ
b d ʤ ɡ
ɸ s
β
m n
r
w

Vowels:[3]

i u
e o
a

Pronouns[edit]

Mairasi possessor prefixes are:[3]

sg pl
1 o- ee-
2 ne- e-
3 na- ne-

Morphology[edit]

Case markers[edit]

Noun phrase case markers in Mairasi:[3]:546

  • instrumental suffix -t
  • locative postposition ar
  • allative postposition ev(i)

Some examples:

  • ovuru-t /machete-INSTR/ ‘with a machete’
  • weso ar /house LOC/ ‘in the house’
  • mundu evi /village ALL/ ‘to the village’

Possessors[edit]

Mairasi possessor prefixes:[3]:546

sg pl
1 o- ee-
2 ne- e-
3 na- ne-

Examples of inalienable possessors:

  • ee-rovo /1PL.POSS-hand/ ‘our hands’
  • na-iambi /3SG.POSS-skin/ ‘his skin’

Directionals[edit]

Mairasi has two directional suffixes, which are only used with movement verbs.[3]:549

  • -aʔi ‘up, inland’
  • -ari ‘down, seaward’

Examples of directional suffixes in use:

  • o-is-aʔi /1SG.SBJ-stand-up/ ‘I stand up’
  • o-fon-ari /1SG.SBJ-sit-down/ ‘I sit down’

Animacy[edit]

Animacy is marked by the adjective modifier n-, as exemplified by the contrast in the following two noun phrases.[3]:546

fariri Ø-avwer
word INAN-big
‘a big word’
fariri n-avwer
word ANIM-big
‘a long-winded person’

Vowel changes can modify the number of animate nouns:[3]:546

uratu n-avwer
fish ANIM-big.SG
‘a big fish’
uratu n-evwer
fish ANIM-big.PL
‘big fishes’

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mairasi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Mairasi". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Foley, William A. (2018). "The languages of Northwest New Guinea". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 433–568. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.