Mairasi languages

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Etna Bay
New Guinea
Linguistic classificationOne of the world's primary language families
Mairasi map.svg
Distribution of the Mairasi languages

The Mairasi languages, also known as Etna Bay[2] are a small independent family of Papuan languages in the classification of Malcolm Ross, that had been part of Stephen Wurm's Trans–New Guinea proposal.


The Mairasi languages are clearly related to each other.

Mairasi cannot be linked to other families by its pronouns. However, Voorhoeve (1975) links in to the Sumeri (Tanah Merah) language of the Trans–New Guinea family, and further research is needed.


The pronouns Ross reconstructs for proto-Mairasi are,

I *omo we *etumaka (inclusive), *eme (exclusive)
thou *nemi you *keme
s/he ? they *negi

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Mairasic". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ NewGuineaWord Etna Bay
  • Ross, Malcolm (2005). "Pronouns as a preliminary diagnostic for grouping Papuan languages". In Andrew Pawley; Robert Attenborough; Robin Hide; Jack Golson (eds.). Papuan pasts: cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. pp. 15–66. ISBN 0858835622. OCLC 67292782.