Maisemore

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Maisemore
StGilesMaisemore.jpg
St Giles Parish church
Maisemore is located in Gloucestershire
Maisemore
Maisemore
Maisemore shown within Gloucestershire
Population 458 
OS grid reference SO814212
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town GLOUCESTER
Postcode district GL2
Dialling code 01452
Police Gloucestershire
Fire Gloucestershire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
GloucestershireCoordinates: 51°53′20″N 2°16′16″W / 51.889°N 02.271°W / 51.889; -02.271

Maisemore is a village and civil parish in Gloucestershire, England. It lies on the A417 road 2.5 miles northwest of Gloucester, on the west bank of the River Severn. In the 2001 census the parish had a population of 488,[1] reducing to 458 at the 2011 census.[2] There is a church, dedicated to St Giles.[3]

Maisemore Bridge connects the village to Alney Island, and provides a viewpoint for the Severn bore. Maisemore Weir and Lock were built in about 1870.[4] The weir is at the upper limit of the tides on the Severn. The lock is no longer in use.

The name of the village appears to be of Welsh origin, meaning "great field" (Welsh: maes mawr).[5] The northern part of Alney Island, which is within the parish of Maisemore, is known as Maisemore Ham, combining Welsh and Old English words for field or meadow (ham, meaning "meadow"[6]).

The area is prone to flooding, which from time to time closes the A417 between Maisemore and Gloucester, especially in the spring when the swollen River Severn meets high tides coming up the estuary.

Maisemore Bridge[edit]

The construction of the bridge was commenced in 1939 but was stopped during the war of 1939-45. It was completed in 1956.

The bridge stands on or near the site of at least six previous bridges. The first recorded one had a cross with an inscription stating it was begun by William Fitz Anketil circa A.D. 1230.

The next known bridge was recorded as "cut down" by royalist besiegers of Gloucester in 1643 which suggests it might have been a wooden structure: It is known to have been rebuilt of timber.

The parishoners of Maisemore were, by ancient custom, liable for the repair of the bridge, but this apparently proved beyond their means as in 1709, they were fined £200 for non-repair. At the same time the County Justices voted £200 towards "a good substantial brick and stone bridge". The latter as destroyed by great floods and in 1777, trustees were established by act of parliament to build a new bridge in place of a temporary wooden one which had been built lower down the river. A new two-arch brick bridge was begun in 1785 by Thomas Badford, the cost being defrayed by tolls levied by the trustees until 1795.

The trustees continued to maintain the bridge until 1936, when by agreement their powers were ceded to the Gloucester County Council. This bridge was demolished in 1939 to make way for the present structure and a temporary timber bridge was erected which carried the traffic from 1939 to 1956.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ONS Census 2001
  2. ^ "Parish population 2011.Retrieved 1 April 2015". 
  3. ^ Maisemore, St Giles - a church near you
  4. ^ Victoria County History of Gloucestershire: Gloucester Quays and Docks
  5. ^ Mills, A.D. and Room, A, A Dictionary of British Place-Names Oxford University Press
  6. ^ Oxford English Dictionary
  7. ^ Encyclopedia of nineteenth-century photography, Volume 1, John Hannavy, accessed September 2009]

External links[edit]

Media related to Maisemore at Wikimedia Commons