Maison Dieu, Faversham
|OS grid reference|
|Built for||Henry III|
|Governing body||English Heritage|
|Designated||29 July 1950|
Maison Dieu ('House of God') is a hospital, monastery, hostel, retirement home and royal lodge commissioned by Henry III in 1234. The timber framed building is located beside Watling Street, now the A2 road, in Ospringe, Faversham, in Kent, England.
Edward Hasted noted in 1798 that it was dedicated to the Virgin Mary. The foundation consisted of a master and three regular brethren of the Order of the Holy Cross. There were also two secular clerks, who celebrated mass for the soul of the founder and the souls of his royal predecessors and successors. They were required to be hospitable, and to entertain the poor and needy passers-by and pilgrims (heading along Watling Street). There was a chamber in the building which the king used to rest when he passed this way; it was called Camera Regis, or the king's chamber. The history and records of the building also give insight into the way sick and disabled people fitted into society during the medieval period. For example, in 1235 the 'blind daughter of Andrew of Faversham' was admitted to Maison Dieu as a 'servant of God and sister of the hospital'.
|1234||Commissioned by Henry III|
|1240||King Henry III granted to the master and brethren of the Maison Dieu the privilege of a market and a fair to be held in this parish of Headcorn. The fair used formerly to be held on St.Peter's Day, June 29. But it had been for some years past[when?], held on June 12.|
|1245||Robert de Bathel, the abbot of St Augustine's Abbey in Canterbury, granted the right of burial to the brethren of this hospital, wearing the habit, and to the diseased who happened to die here, but to none else.|
|1314||Nicholas de Staple (the master), left the hospital after an argument with the other brethren, and went to the hospital of St. John the Baptist, Oxford. The brethren of the Oxford hospital sent a brother to Ospringe in his place. In 1334, he returned to Ospringe.|
|1384||On a taxation, the revenues of the hospital were valued at the church of Headcorn, at 20 marks, that is £13 6s 8d.|
|28 September 1511||Archbishop Warham made a visit to the hospital.|
|November 1518||The last brethren of the Order of the Holy Cross died, supposedly of the plague, which scared away others from the place. Afterwards the hospital became secular. The estate then passed to St John's College, Cambridge. The contents were given to the abbots of St Augustine's Abbey. The building then became a public house.|
|1573||The building was leased to Robert Transham (a friend of Thomas Arden (from the 1592 play Arden of Faversham)). He also rebuilt the Parsonage (also leased from St John's College), using materials from the Maison Dieu chapel. Robert was later buried in Ospringe Parish Church.|
|1925||The building became England's earliest village museum. Water Lane beside Maison Dieu still flooded every winter until 1965, when the stream was diverted by a culvert during the building of the M2 motorway.|
|1950||The building became a Grade II* listed building.|
It is owned by English Heritage and managed by the Faversham Society. Currently it is used to display Roman artefacts from the surrounding area including the ruined 'Church of Our Lady of Elwarton' in Stone. but is only open at weekends from April to October.
- Hasted, Edward (1798). "Parishes". The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent. Institute of Historical Research. 6: 499–531. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
- History of Place project - Maison Dieu history http://historyof.place/story/maison-dieu-living-on-the-road-to-canterbury/#section=1
- Hasted, Edward (1798). "Parishes". The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent. Institute of Historical Research. 6: 324–336. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
- Hasted, Edward (1798). "Parishes". Hospitals: Ospringe, A History of the County of Kent. Institute of Historical Research. 2: 222–224. Retrieved 14 March 2014.
- Edward Jacob (1774)The history of the town and port of Faversham: in the county of Kent, p. 37, at Google Books
- Roy Kendall (2003)Christopher Marlowe and Richard Baines: Journeys Through the Elizabethan, p. 176, at Google Books
- Robert Turcan (11 November 2013)Faversham Through Time at Google Books
- "The Maison Dieu Museum, Faversham". www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- "Faversham Stone Chapel (Our Lady of Elverton)". English Heritage. Retrieved 18 May 2012.