Maithil Brahmin

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Maithil Brahmins are a Hindu Brahmin community from the Mithila region of the Indian subcontinent that lies in northern and eastern Bihar of India and Province No. 2 of Nepal. They are one of the five Pancha-Gauda Brahmin communities.[1][2]


Some of the dynastic families of the Mithila region, such as the Oiniwars, were Maithil Brahmins and were noted for their patronage of Maithil culture.[3]

In the 1960s and 1970s, the Maithil Brahmins became politically significant in Bihar. Binodanand Jha and Lalit Narayan Mishra emerged as prominent political leaders of the community. Under the Chief Ministry of Jagannath Mishra many Maithil Brahmins assumed important political positions in Bihar.[4]


According to the Vedic Sanghita, Maithil Brahmins are divided into the Bachasnai and the Chhandog and each group is strictly exogamous. They are also further classified by four main Mulgrams, the Strotiyas, the Yogs, the Panjis and the Jaiwars. They are all expected to be endogamous however these days this is no longer enforced strictly.[5]

Religious practices[edit]

They are mainly practitioners of Shaktism in various forms, however there are also Vaishnavites and Shaivites.[6] Those Maithil Brahmins who practice Shaktism worship Bhagawati.[7]


Panjis or Panji Prabandh are extensive genealogical records maintained among Maithil Brahmins similar to the Hindu genealogy registers at Haridwar.[8] They are used mainly when fixing marriages and delineate the last 14 generations of the bride and grooms family.[citation needed]

Notable persons[edit]

  • Vidyapati- also known by the sobriquet Maithil Kavi Kokil (the poet cuckoo of Maithili), was a Maithili poet and a Sanskrit writer[9]
  • Sanjay Jha – Motorola Mobility [10]
  • Vācaspati Miśra – founder of the Bhāmatī school of Advaita Vedanta philosophy[11]
  • Maṇḍana Miśra – was a Hindu philosopher, who wrote on the Mīmāmsā and Advaita systems of thought.[12]
  • Udit Narayan Jha - is an Indian playback singer of mixed Indian and Nepalese ancestry, whose songs have been featured mainly in Bollywood movies of Hindi language.[13]
  • Amarnath Jha - was the Vice Chancellor (VC) of University of Allahabad and Banaras Hindu University[14]
  • Durgananda Jha-was Nepalese democratic fighter who attempted to assassinate King Mahendra of Nepal in January 1962 in Janakpur in southeastern Nepal.[15]
  • Binodanand Jha-Former Chief Minister of Bihar[16]
  • Parmanand Jha-is a Nepali politician who served as the first Vice President of Nepal from 23 July 2008 to 31 October 2015.[17]
  • Jagannath Mishra- is an Indian politician who has been Chief Minister of Bihar and a minister in the Union cabinet.[18]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ James G. Lochtefeld (2002). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism: N-Z. Rosen. pp. 490–491. ISBN 9780823931804.
  2. ^ D. Shyam Babu and Ravindra S. Khare, ed. (2011). Caste in Life: Experiencing Inequalities. Pearson Education India. p. 168. ISBN 9788131754399.
  3. ^ "Civilizational Regions of Mithila & Mahakoshal". p. 64.
  4. ^ Verma, Ravindra Kumar (May 1991). "Caste and Bihar Politics". Economic and Political Weekly. Sameeksha Trust. 26 (18): 1142–4. Retrieved 28 March 2013.
  5. ^ "Anthropology of Ancient Hindu Kingdoms: A Study in Civilizational Perspective". p. 32. Retrieved 6 April 2017.
  6. ^ Jha, Makhan (1997). Anthropology of Ancient Hindu Kingdoms: A Study in Civilizational Perspective. M.D. Publications Pvt. Ltd. pp. 38–. ISBN 978-81-7533-034-4.
  7. ^ Maitra, Asim (1986). Religious Life of the Brahman: A Case Study of Maithil Brahmans. Inter-India Publications. p. 54.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 July 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-16.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Biography of Vidyapati Thakur". Archived from the original on Dec 23, 2014.
  10. ^ "Sanjay Jha". Linkedin.
  11. ^ Bagchi, Jhunu (1 January 1993). The History and Culture of the Pālas of Bengal and Bihar: Cir. 750 A.D.-cir. 1200 A.D. Abhinav Publications. p. 75. ISBN 978-81-7017-301-4.
  12. ^ John Grimes (2001). "Sureśvara". In Robert L. Arrington. A Companion to the Philosophers. Oxford: Blackwell. ISBN 0-631-22967-1.
  13. ^ "Artistes have no borders, Udit Narayan tells Nepal - Times of India". The Times of India.
  14. ^
  15. ^ "First pro-republic martyr Durgananda Jha remembered - The Rising Nepal (TRN)". 1 October 2015.
  16. ^ Bihar Information. Director, Public Relations. 1962.
  17. ^ "Jha vows to work in independent manner". July 19, 2008. Archived from the original on 7 October 2008.
  18. ^ "Chief Ministers of Bihar". Archived from the original on 19 March 2011.

External links[edit]