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Census Town
Maithon is located in Jharkhand
Location in Jharkhand, India
Maithon is located in India
Maithon (India)
Coordinates: 23°47′N 86°49′E / 23.78°N 86.81°E / 23.78; 86.81Coordinates: 23°47′N 86°49′E / 23.78°N 86.81°E / 23.78; 86.81
Country India
CD blockNirsa
 • Total18,830
 • OfficialHindi, Urdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationJH
Lok Sabha constituencyDhanbad
Vidhan Sabha constituencyNirsa

Maithon is a census town in Nirsa CD Block in Dhanbad district in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It is situated on the banks of river Barakar


The name has been derived from Maithan or Mai-Ka-Than (Hindi) or Ma-Er-Than (Bengali), the "than" being an apa-bhransha or a local pronunciation of Sanskrit/Bengali "Sthan" for "place". The place of Mai or Ma or mother, refers to Goddess Durga or Ma Kalyaneswari of the famous Kalyaneswari temple nearby.

Maithon Dam[edit]

Sunset at Maithon

Maithon Dam, of the Damodar Valley Corporation, constitutes one of the most accomplished and successful river valley projects of India, which was a part of the First Five Year Plan after India's independence. The Damodar Valley region, which Maithon forms a part of, is often hailed as the Ruhr Valley of India.


As per 2011 Census of India Maithon had a population of 18,830, of which 9,942 were males and 8,888 females. Scheduled Castes numbered 2,830 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 1,128.[1]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Maithon had a population of 19,728. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Maithon has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 81%, and female literacy is 67%. In Maithon, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.


As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Maithon was 14,611 out of which 8,225 were males and 6,386 were females.[1]


The Kalyaneshwari temple 6 km away from the Maithon dam is considered to be the seat to a very powerful deity, Ma Kalyaneshwari. The temple was erected in the early 1900s .


Civil Services Institute Maithon




  1. ^ a b "2011 Census C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". Jharkhand – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.

External links[edit]

Maithon travel guide from Wikivoyage