Maithripala Sirisena

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His Excellency
Maithripala Sirisena
මෛත්‍රිපාල සිරිසේන
மைத்திரிபால சிறிசேன
Maithripala Sirisena (cropped).jpg
7th President of Sri Lanka
Assumed office
9 January 2015
Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe
Preceded by Mahinda Rajapaksa
Leader of the House
In office
3 May 2004 – 9 August 2005
President Chandrika Kumaratunga
Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa
Preceded by W. J. M. Lokubandara
Succeeded by Nimal Siripala de Silva
Minister of Defence
Assumed office
12 January 2015
President Himself
Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe
Preceded by Mahinda Rajapaksa
Minister of Mahaweli Development and Environment [N 1]
Assumed office
12 January 2015
President Himself
Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe
Preceded by Susil Premajayanth
In office
23 November 2005 – 23 April 2010
President Mahinda Rajapaksa
Prime Minister Ratnasiri Wickremanayake
Succeeded by Mahinda Yapa Abeywardena
Minister of Health
In office
23 April 2010 – 21 November 2014
President Mahinda Rajapaksa
Prime Minister D. M. Jayaratne
Preceded by Nimal Siripala de Silva
Succeeded by Tissa Attanayake
Minister of Irrigation, Mahaweli and Rajarata Development[N 2]
In office
10 April 2004 – 23 November 2005
President Chandrika Kumaratunga
Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa
Minister of Mahaweli Development and Parliamentary Affairs
In office
1997–2001
President Chandrika Kumaratunga
Prime Minister Ratnasiri Wickremanayake
Sirimavo Bandaranaike
Preceded by S. B. Dissanayake
Succeeded by A. H. M. Azwer
Chairman of the Sri Lanka Freedom Party
Assumed office
15 January 2015
Preceded by Mahinda Rajapaksa
12th Chairperson-in-office of the Commonwealth of Nations
In office
9 January 2015 – 27 November 2015
Head Elizabeth II
Preceded by Mahinda Rajapaksa
Succeeded by Joseph Muscat
Member of the Sri Lankan Parliament
for Polonnaruwa District
In office
15 February 1989 – 9 January 2015
Succeeded by Jayasinghe Bandara
Personal details
Born Pallewatte Gamaralalage Maithripala Yapa Sirisena
(1951-09-03) 3 September 1951 (age 65)
Yagoda, Gampaha District, Western Province, Dominion of Ceylon
(now Sri Lanka)
Nationality Sri Lanka
Political party Sri Lanka Freedom Party
(1968–Present)
Communist Party of Ceylon
(1966-1968)
Other political
affiliations
United People's Freedom Alliance
(2004–Present)[N 3]
New Democratic Front
(2014–2015)[N 4]
People's Alliance
(1994–2004)
Spouse(s) Jayanthi Pushpa Kumari
Children Chathurika
Daham
Dharani
Alma mater Royal Central College, Polonnaruwa
Agriculture School, Kundasale
Maxim Gorky Literature Institute
Occupation Politician
Profession Agriculturist
Signature
Website Official website

Pallewatte Gamaralalage Maithripala Yapa Sirisena (pronounced [pallewat̪t̪ə ɡaməraːləlaːɡeː majt̪ɾiːpaːlə jaːpaː siɾiseːnə]; Sinhalese: මෛත්‍රිපාල සිරිසේන; Tamil: மைத்திரிபால சிறிசேன; born 3 September 1951) is a Sri Lankan politician who is the 7th and current President of Sri Lanka, since 2015.[1][2] Although born in the Western Province, Sirisena hails from the North Central Province of the country and is the first president from that province. He is an agriculturist and does not belong to the Sri Lankan political elite.[3]

Sirisena joined mainstream politics in 1989 as a member of the Parliament of Sri Lanka and has held several ministries since 1994.[4] He was the general-secretary of the Sri Lanka Freedom Party and was Minister of Health until November 2014 when he announced his candidacy for the 2015 presidential election as the opposition coalition's "common candidate".[5][6] His victory in the election is generally viewed as a surprise, coming to office through the votes won from the alternative Sinhala-majority rural constituency and the Tamil and Muslim minority groups that have been alienated by the Rajapaksa government on post-war reconciliation and growing sectarian violence.[3][7][8][9] Their votes were more anti-Rajapaksa than pro-Sirisena.[10] Maithripala Sirisena pledged to implement a 100-day reform program where he promised to rebalance the executive branch within 100 days of being elected, by reinforcing Sri Lanka's judiciary and parliament, to fight corruption and to investigate allegations of war crimes from 2009, repeal the controversial eighteenth amendment, re-instate the seventeenth amendment and appoint UNP leader Ranil Wickremesinghe as Prime Minister.[11][12][13]

Sirisena was sworn in as the sixth Executive President before Supreme Court judge K. Sripavan in Independence Square, Colombo at 6.20pm on 9 January 2015.[14][15] Immediately afterwards he appointed Ranil Wickremesinghe as the new Prime Minister.[16][17] After being sworn in Sirsena stated that he would only serve one term.[18][19] On 28 April 2015, Sirisena voluntarily transferred significant presidential powers to parliament.[20][21]

Early life and career[edit]

Maithripala Sirisena was born on 3 September 1951 in Yagoda, a village in present-day Gampaha District.[22][23] He is the son of World War II veteran Albert Sirisena, who was awarded five acres of paddy land in Polonnaruwa near Parakrama Samudra by D. S. Senanayake.[23][24] His mother was a school teacher.[25]

He was educated at Thopawewa Maha Vidyalaya and Royal College, Polonnaruwa where he first developed an interest in politics.[24][25][26] While still in school, as a teenager, Sirisena became interested in communism and joined the Communist Party becoming closely associated with party leader N. Shanmugathasan in party activities.[25] In 1968 he took part in a communist party anti-government rally which was broken up by baton charging police.[3]

At the age of 17 years he was chosen as the secretary of the SLFP Youth Organisation in Polonnaruwa by the SLFP Member of Parliament for Polonnaruwa, Leelaratna Wijesingha.[24][25] In 1971, aged 19, he was jailed for 15 months for alleged involvement in the Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna Insurrection.[27][28] Following his release from prison, Sirisena joined All Ceylon SLFP Youth Organization led by Anura Bandaranaike and joined politics at the national level. After serving at a number of state institutions, Sirisena obtained the SLFP membership in 1978.[25] In 1974 Sirisena started working at the Palugasdamana Multi Purpose Cooperative Society as a purchasing office and in 1976 he became a grama niladhari (village officer) but resigned in 1978.[29][30][31] He rose up the SLFP ranks, joining its politburo in 1981, where he was chosen as the President of the All Island SLFP Youth Organisation, and also later served as Treasurer.[24] During the 1981 Presidential poll, when Basil Rajapaksa joined the United National Party, he took over the responsibility of the Secretary of the organisation. Subsequently, he was appointed the Polonnaruwa SLFP chief organiser by the SLFP hierarchy.[25] He became president of the All Island SLFP Youth Organisation in 1983.[30]

Sirisena studied for three years at the Sri Lanka School of Agriculture, Kundasale from where he earned a diploma in agriculture in 1973.[29] In 1980 he earned a Diploma in political science at the Maxim Gorky Literature Institute in Russia.[30][32]

Legislative career[edit]

Sri Lankan Parliament[edit]

Sirisena contested the 1989 parliamentary election as one of the SLFP's candidates in Polonnaruwa District and was elected to the Parliament.[33] He was re-elected at the 1994 parliamentary election, this time as a People's Alliance (PA) candidate.[34] In 1997 he was appointed as the General Secretary of the SLFP for the first time, from which he later resigned.[25] In August 2000 Sirisena tried to become general-secretary of the SLFP but was beaten by S. B. Dissanayake.[35][36] Sirisena was instead appointed one the Deputy Presidents of SLFP.[37] He became general-secretary of the SLFP in October 2001 following Dissanayake's defection to the United National Party (UNP).[38]

Minister of Mahaweli Development[edit]

Sirisena was appointed Deputy Minister of Irrigation in the new PA government led by Chandrika Kumaratunga in 1994.[24] In 1997 President Kumaratunga promoted him to the Cabinet, appointing him Minister of Mahaweli Development.[24] While in this office he initiated many concessionary grants to improve the standard of the farming community. He was also responsible for influencing the government's decision to give farmers a bag of fertilizer for Rs. 350 in order to combat the food crisis at the time. He also saved the Paddy Marketing Board from privatization converting it into a government institution when he became the Agriculture Minister, in 2005. The Paddy Marketing Board continues to regulate the prices of paddy to this day.[25] He also began important irrigation projects such as Moragahakanda, Kalu and Walawe rivers.[39] He was re-elected to Parliament at the 2000 parliamentary election and retained his ministerial portfolio.[40][41]

Opposition[edit]

He was re-elected at the 2001 parliamentary election but the PA lost the election and so Sirisena lost his ministerial position.[42]

In January 2004 the SLFP joined forced with the Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna to form a political alliance called the United People's Freedom Alliance (UPFA).[43] Sirisena was re-elected at the 2004 parliamentary election as a UPFA candidate.[44] President Kumaratunga appointed him Minister of River Basin Development and Rajarata Development in the new UPFA government in April 2004.[45][46][47] He was also appointed Leader of the House.[48][49] Sirisena's ministerial portfolio was renamed as Minister of Irrigation, Mahaweli and Rajarata Development in July 2005.[50][51] He resigned as Leader of the House in August 2005.[52]

Minister of Agriculture[edit]

After the 2005 presidential election newly elected President Mahinda Rajapaksa appointed Sirisena Minister of Agriculture, Environment, Irrigation and Mahaweli Development in November 2005.[53][54] On 27 March 2006 Sirisena's personal secretary M. L. Dharmasiri was shot dead by unknown gunmen in Aranangawila.[55] Following a cabinet reshuffle in January 2007 he was appointed Minister of Agricultural Development and Agrarian Services Development by President Rajapaksa.[56][57]

In order to combat the 2007–08 world food price crisis, Sirisena initiated a plan under the scheme ‘Api Wavamu – Rata Nagamu’ to improve local food production on national scale. Festivals of tilling were conducted in each divisional secretariat every year leading to the re cultivation of more than 1 million abandoned paddy fields under the programme. The project was considered a great success being acknowledged as his green revolution.[25][39]

While the serving as the Minister of Agriculture Sirisena also served as the acting Defence Minister for several occasions during the Sri Lankan civil war.[58][59] He was acting defence minister during the last two weeks of the civil war when some of the worst alleged war crimes were committed.[60][61]

Assassination attempts

Sirisena has claimed that LTTE may have tried to assassinate him on at least five occasions.[62] Sirisena narrowly escaped death on 9 October 2008 when a convoy he was part of was attacked by a Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam's suicide bomber at Piriwena Junction in Boralesgamuwa, Colombo.[63][64] One person was killed and seven injured.[65]

Minister of Health[edit]

Sirisena was re-elected at the 2010 parliamentary election and was appointed Minister of Health in April 2010.[66][67][68] During his time Sirisena sought to combat cigarette and alcohol consumption within the country. He introduced a National Medicinal Drug Policy based on that of the Sri Lanka National Pharmaceuticals Policy of Seneka Bibile and brought the Cigarette and Alcohol act to parliament against cigarette packaging that include pictorial warnings. The act recommended 80% of packaging include the pictorial warnings, however this was reduced to 60% due to pressure form many multinational companies and from some areas of the government itself.[25][39] In May 2014 Sirisena was elected as one of the Vice Presidents of the World Health Assembly.[69]

Committees[edit]

Committees Involved[70]
  • Parliament of Sri Lanka Consultative Committee on Irrigation and Water Resources Management
  • Parliament of Sri Lanka Consultative Committee on Health
  • Parliament of Sri Lanka Consultative Committee on Agriculture
  • Parliament of Sri Lanka Consultative Committee on Co-operatives and Internal Trade
  • Parliament of Sri Lanka Consultative Committee on Livestock & Rural Community Development
  • Parliament of Sri Lanka Consultative Committee on Defence
  • Parliament of Sri Lanka Consultative Committee on Defence and Urban Development
Committees Served[70]
  • Parliament of Sri Lanka Committee on Parliamentary Business (14th Parliament)
  • Parliament of Sri Lanka Committee of Selection (14th Parliament)
  • Parliament of Sri Lanka Committee on High Posts (14th Parliament)
  • Parliament of Sri Lanka Select Committee of Parliament on Traffic Accidents (14th Parliament)
  • Parliament of Sri Lanka Select Committee of Parliament to Recommend and Report on Political and Constitutional Measures to Empower the Peoples of Sri Lanka to Live as One Nation (14th Parliament)

Presidency[edit]

Presidential campaign[edit]

Presidential Standard adopted by Maithripala Sirisena

Following days of speculation in the media, Sirisena announced on 21 November 2014 that he would challenge incumbent President Mahinda Rajapaksa at the 2015 presidential election as the common opposition candidate.[71][72] Sirisena claimed that everything in Sri Lanka was controlled by one family and that the country was heading towards a dictatorship with rampant corruption, nepotism and a breakdown of the rule of law.[73][74] He has pledged to abolish the executive presidency within 100 days of being elected, repeal the controversial eighteenth amendment, re-instate the seventeenth amendment and appoint UNP leader Ranil Wickremasinghe as Prime Minister.[11][12][13] Following the announcement Sirisena, along with several other ministers who supported him, were stripped of their ministerial positions and expelled from the SLFP.[75][76][77] His ministerial security and vehicles were also withdrawn.[78][79]

Sirisena released his manifesto, titled A Compassionate Maithri Governance — A Stable Country, on 19 December 2014 at a rally at Viharamahadevi Park.[80][81] The main pledge in the manifesto was the replacement of the executive presidency with a Westminster style cabinet but the manifesto acknowledged that Sirisena would need the support of the parliament to amend the constitution.[82] The manifesto also made a commitment to replace the open list proportional representation system with a mixture of first-past-the-post and PR for electing MPs.[82] Parliamentary elections will be held in April 2015 after the constitution has been amended.[83] Independent commissions would be established to oversee the judiciary, police, elections department, Auditor-General's Department and Attorney-General's Department.[84][85] The Commission on Bribery and Corruption would be strengthened and political diplomatic appointments annulled.[84][85][86] Populist measures in the manifesto included a commitment to write-off 50% of farmers' loans, reduce fuel prices by removing taxes and a salary increase of Rs.10,000 for public servants.[85][87][88][89] Public spending on health would increase from 1.8% of GDP to 3% of GDP whilst that on education would increase from 1.7% of GDP to 6% of GDP.[90][91] The manifesto also stated that the casino licences granted to Kerry Packer's Crown Resort and John Keells Holdings's Water Front will be cancelled.[92][93] Political victims during Rajapaksa's rule, including Sarath Fonseka and Shirani Bandaranayake, would be re-appointed.[87][94] In a separate document Sirisena pledged that, whilst resisting any international investigation, he would establish an independent domestic inquiry into the alleged war crimes during the final stages of the Sri Lankan Civil War.[85][95]

Sirisena was declared the winner after receiving 51.28% of all votes cast compared to Rajapaksa's 47.58%.[96][97] Sirsena was the winner in 12 electoral districts whilst Rajapaksa was victorious in the remaining 10.[98][99] On the contrary Rajapakse won in 90 electorates while Sirisena managed to win only in 70 electorates.[100] The result was generally seen as a shock.[101][102][103] When Rajapaksa called the election in November 2014 he had looked certain to win.[104][105][106]

Transition

According to Mangala Samaraweera and Rajitha Senaratne, senior figures in the Sirisena campaign, Rajapaksa attempted to stage a coup in order to stay in power when it became clear he was going to lose the election.[107][108] They alleged that Rajapaksa and his brother Gotabhaya Rajapaksa, the Defence Secretary, summoned Commander of the Army Daya Ratnayake, Inspector General of Police N. K. Illangakoon and Attorney General Yuwanjana Wanasundera to Temple Trees at around 1 am on 9 January 2015.[109] Rajapaksa allegedly pressured the three officials to deploy troops, annul the election results and declare a state of emergency but they refused.[9][110] According to the Colombo Telegraph Rajapaksa also wanted to dissolve parliament.[111] It was only then Rajapaksa decided to concede defeat and summoned Ranil Wickremesinghe to assure him of a smooth transition of power.[112]

A spokesman for Rajapaksa has denied the allegations as baseless.[113][114] The army and police have also denied the allegations.[115] The new government is to investigate the alleged coup attempt.[116]

Sirsena was sworn in as Sri Lanka's sixth executive president before Supreme Court judge K. Sripavan in Independence Square, Colombo at 6.20pm on 9 January 2015.[14][15] It is custom for the president to be sworn in before the chief justice but Sirsena had refused to be sworn in before Chief Justice Peiris who had been appointed by Rajapaksa after the controversial impeachment of the previous chief justice.[117][118] Immediately afterwards, Wickremesinghe was sworn in as Sri Lanka's new prime minister before Sirsena.[16][17] After being sworn in Sirisena stated that he would only serve one term.[18][19]

100-day reform program[edit]

Sirisena's 100 days Program cabinet
10 most senior members
Office Name Term
Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe° Jan-Aug
Minister of Foreign Affairs Mangala Samaraweera° Jan-Aug
Minister of Defence Maithripala Sirisena Jan-Aug
Minister of Finance Ravi Karunanayake° Jan-Aug
Minister of Justice Wijeyadasa Rajapakshe° Jan-Aug
Minister of Home Affairs Joseph Michael Perera Jan-Aug
Minister of Industry and Commerce Rishad Bathiudeen Jan-Aug
Minister of Health and Indigenous Medicine Rajitha Senaratne° Jan-Aug
Minister of Education Akila Viraj Kariyawasam° Jan-Aug
Minister of Agriculture Duminda Dissanayake° Jan-Aug
*Retained from previous administration
°Retained after August elections

On 10 January 2015 former minister Nimal Siripala de Silva announced that the UPFA would support Sirisena's 100-day program unconditionally.[119][120] Addressing the nation from Temple of the Tooth the following day, Sirisena invited all political parties to join to form a national unity government.[121] Shortly afterwards a group of 21 SLFP MPs pledged their support for Sirisena.[122][123] According to Sirisena's team he has enough support in parliament to secure a majority.[124]

With an interim cabinet formed on 12 January, Sirisena called the Parliamentary elections two years ahead of schedule for 23 April.[125] It is to be carried out after the 100-day reform program against corruption.[126] The president will establish a stable cabinet after the elections. Sirisena has taken the defence portfolio for himself, and appointed Ranil Wickremesinghe as minister of reconciliation, policy development and economic affairs, to go with his Prime Ministership.[127]

Sirisena has also lifted a ban on news websites, blocked under his predecessor, and promised to enact a Right to Information bill.[127] Reports also say he is ready to reinstate Shirani Bandaranayake, the former Chief Justice whose Impeachment Mahinda Rajapaksa engineered two years ago.[10]

Parliamentary elections[edit]

In his election manifesto Sirisena had promised a 100-day reform program planning to dissolve the parliament and holding new elections on 23 April 2015.[106][128] However, Srisena and his government faced opposition from a large contingent of legislators loyal to Mahinda Rajapaksa, and, although some reforms, such as the curtailing of presidential powers and re-introducing the two term limit, were introduced by the passing of the nineteenth amendment, others, notably electoral reforms, were not carried out.[129] With electoral reforms stalled and the 100-day reform program falling behind schedule, the UNP started calling for parliamentary elections.[130][131] Sirisena dissolved parliament on 26 June 2015.[132][133][134]

The date of the election was set for 17 August 2015, with the new parliament is expected to convene on 1 September 2015.[135][136] Nominations took place between 6 July 2015 and 13 July 2015.[137] The UPFA/SLFP Mps who remained loyal to former President Rajapaksa called for Rajapaksa to be made the UPFA's prime ministerial candidate for the election.[138][139][140] This alarmed those members of the UPFA/SLPF who had supported Sirisena during the presidential election. They urged Sirisena to prevent Rajapaksa's return to politics but Sirisena remained silent on the matter.[141][142] After the parliamentary election was called it was announced that Rajapaksa would contest but not as the prime ministerial candidate which would be decided after the election.[143][144][145][146] Feeling "betrayed" by Sirisena, his supporters in the UPFA/SLFP allied themselves with the UNP to form the United National Front for Good Governance.[147][148][149] On 8 July 2015, several factions accused Sirisena of having betrayed the mandate that was given to him by the people in the 2015 presidential election over nominating his predecessor Rajapaksa, who faces various allegations of human rights violations, to contest in this election. Despite his assurances to the media that he would not grant nominations to pro-Rajapaksa parliamentarians who were involved in various criminal activities, some were nominated.[150][151][152] On 14 July 2015, at a special press conference, President Sirisena announced he would remain impartial during the elections after granting the nomination to Rajapaksa, hinted that Rajapaksa could be defeated in the parliamentary election similar to the presidential election.[153][154]

The United National Front for Good Governance became the largest group in Parliament after securing 45.66% of votes and 106 seats whilst the UPFA won 42.38% of votes and 95 seats.[155][156] Rajapaksa quickly conceded defeat in his attempt to become Prime Minister.[157][158] The result left the UNFGG seven seats short of a majority in Parliament.[159][160] However, on 20 August 2015 the central committee of the SLFP agreed to form a national government with the UNP for two years.[161][162] Wickremesinghe was sworn in as Prime Minister on 21 August 2015.[163][164] Immediately afterwards a memorandum of understanding to work together in Parliament was signed by acting SLFP general secretary Duminda Dissanayake and UNP general secretary Kabir Hashim.[165][166]

The elections saw minor violence and violations of election laws but was generally incident free, peaceful, free and fair.[167][168] Sirisena was praised for "shepherding an inclusive process" during the elections by the United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.[169] The European External Action Service spokesperson also stated that the election was "genuine, well administered and peaceful."[170][171]

National government[edit]

On 20 August 2015 the central committee of the Sri Lanka Freedom Party (SLFP), the main constituent of the UPFA, agreed to form a national government with the UNP for two years.[161][162] Ranil Wickremesinghe was sworn in as Prime Minister on 21 August 2015.[163][164] Immediately afterwards a memorandum of understanding to work together in Parliament was signed by acting SLFP general secretary Duminda Dissanayake and UNP general secretary Kabir Hashim.[165][166]

Three UNFGG cabinet ministers were sworn in on 24 August 2015.[172][173] A further 39 cabinet ministers, 28 from the UNFGG and 11 from the UPFA, were sworn in on 4 September 2015.[174][175] Three more cabinet ministers, one from the UNFGG and two from the UPFA, were sworn in on 9 September 2015.[176][177] 19 state ministers (11 UNFGG, 8 UPFA) and 21 deputy ministers (11 UNFGG, 10 UPFA) were also sworn in on 9 September 2015.[178][179] Two more deputy ministers, both from the UPFA, were sworn in on 10 September 2015.[180][181]

Nepotism[edit]

Despite pledges made during the presidential campaign, Sirisena has himself been accused of nepotism since becoming president.[182][183][184] A few days after Sirisena took power in January 2015, his brother Kumarasinghe Sirisena was appointed chairman of the state-owned Sri Lanka Telecom.[185][186] The appointment came despite objections from Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe and several other cabinet ministers.[187][188] Sirisena's son-in-law Thilina Suranjith Wewelpanawa (Chathurika's husband) was appointed public relations officer at the Ministry of Defence in February 2015 - Sirisena is Minister of Defence.[189][190][191] In September 2015 Sirisena's son Daham accompanied his father as he visited New York City for the Seventieth session of the United Nations General Assembly.[192][193] Despite having no official role, Daham Sirisena sat with the Sri Lankan delegation in the United Nations General Assembly and accompanied his father as he met world leaders such as Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi and President of the Swiss Confederation Simonetta Sommaruga.[194][195][196] Sirisena's daughter Chathurika, who also has no official role, has been the guest of honour/chief guest at several Ministry of Defence events.[197][198][199][200] At another event where Chathurika was chief guest, she was accompanied by members of the Presidential Security Division.[201] In September 2015 Chathurika was accompanied by government officials and police officers as she went on a private "fact finding mission" to Mahawelithenna near Welikanda.[202][203]

Domestic policy[edit]

Death Penalty[edit]

Sirisena commented in October 2015, after a series of high profile incidents of rape, killing and sexual abuse, that he supports a dialogue on the introduction of the Death Penalty should it be approved by Parliament.[204][205]

Comments about Enrique Iglesias Concert[edit]

In 2015, Maithripala Sirisena criticized and called for the organisers of an Enrique Iglesias concert of Colombo to be whipped, after the behavior of some female fans."I don't advocate that these uncivilized women who removed their brassieres should be beaten with toxic stingray tails, but those who organised such an event should be." He commented this on public meeting.[206][207]

Foreign policy[edit]

President Maithripala Sirisena on a State Visit to India, February 2015

With the country becoming ever closer to China, during the previous administration, while departing from the traditional ally of India, Sirisena says he will treat key Asian countries, India, China, Pakistan and Japan equally.[10] Sri Lanka has moved closer to China, especially in terms of naval agreements. India and Sri Lanka in February 2015 signed a nuclear energy deal to improve relationships. Recently elected Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi met with Sirisena in New Delhi stated that: "India is Sri Lanka's closest neighbor and friend. Our destinies are interlinked."[208] President Maithripala Sirisena says the foreign policy of the current government is to work cooperatively with all nations, but with an emphasis on Asia. "My Government will pay more attention towards an Asia-centric middle-path foreign policy."[209]

Recognition and public image[edit]

Although legally entitled to use the style His Excellency as the President of Sri Lanka, he requested the media and the people of Sri Lanka, avoid using the style and also to avoid using the word First Lady for his wife, and requested only to use "President's wife".[210]

Family and personal life[edit]

Sirisena is married to Jayanthi Pushpa Kumari, they have two daughters, Chathurika, Dharani, and a son, Daham.[29][31]

Sirisena is a teetotaler, vegetarian[211] a Buddhist.[3]

President Sirisena's youngest brother, Priyantha Sirisena, died on 28 March 2015 after an axe attack two days earlier in his hometown of Polonnaruwa, 215 kilometres north-east of the capital Colombo. Priyantha was immediately transferred to hospital in a critical condition, where he died from severe head injuries. At that time, President Sirisena was in China on a state visit.[212][213]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Minister of Agriculture, Environment, Irrigation and Mahaweli Development (November 2005 - January 2007)
    Agricultural Development and Agrarian Services (January 2007 - April 2010)
  2. ^ Minister of River Basin Development and Rajarata Development (April 2004 - July 2005)
  3. ^ Except for the 2015 Presidential Election
  4. ^ Only for the 2015 Presidential Election

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sirisena to be sworn in as Sri Lanka's new president". Gulf Times. Agence France-Presse. 9 January 2015. 
  2. ^ Balachandran, P. K. (9 January 2015). "Sirisena Finally Romps Home With 51.28 Per Cent". The New Indian Express. 
  3. ^ a b c d Burke, Jason (9 January 2015). "Sri Lanka election result: Who is new President Maithripala Sirisena?". The Guardian. 
  4. ^ "All you need to know about Maithripala Sirisena". The Hindu. 9 January 2015. 
  5. ^ "Central & South Asia Sri Lanka minister to challenge president". Al Jazeera. 21 November 2014. 
  6. ^ "Maithiripala Sirisena of SLFP emerges as common opposition candidate contesting Rajapaksa". TamilNet. 21 November 2014. 
  7. ^ "Sirisena Calls for Peace After Surprise Sri Lanka Victory". Bloomberg News. 9 January 2015. 
  8. ^ Crabtree, James (9 January 2015). "Maithripala Sirisena faces task of repairing Sri Lanka’s image". Financial Times. 
  9. ^ a b Burke, Jason; Perera, Amantha (10 January 2015). "Sri Lanka’s new president promises ‘no more abductions, no more censorship’". The Guardian. 
  10. ^ a b c Haviland, Charles. "Sri Lanka's life after Rajapaksa". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 14 January 2015. 
  11. ^ a b Bastians, Dharisha (22 November 2014). "No Maithri for Mahinda". Daily FT. 
  12. ^ a b Mallawarachi, Bharatha (21 November 2014). "Sri Lanka leader to face health minister in polls". San Francisco Chronicle. Associated Press. 
  13. ^ a b Srinivasan, Meera (22 November 2014). "Chandrika returns to politics". The Hindu. 
  14. ^ a b "Sirisena sworn in as Sri Lanka president". Al Jazeera. 9 January 2015. 
  15. ^ a b "Maithri sworn in". The Daily Mirror (Sri Lanka). 9 January 2015. 
  16. ^ a b Srinivasan, Meera (9 January 2015). "Sirisena deposes Rajapaksa". The Hindu. 
  17. ^ a b "Ranil new Prime Minister". The Daily Mirror (Sri Lanka). 9 January 2015. 
  18. ^ a b "Sri Lanka's new president appoints PM". Special Broadcasting Service. Australian Associated Press. 10 January 2015. 
  19. ^ a b Boyle, Darren (10 January 2015). "New Sri Lankan president vows to curtail his own power before appointing opposition leader as prime minister". Mail Online. 
  20. ^ Maithripala’s finest hour The Sunday Times, Retrieved 4 May 2015
  21. ^ The Monk and the Man who changed history Sunday Observer, Retrieved 4 May 2015
  22. ^ "Directory of Members: Sirisena, Maithripala". Parliament of Sri Lanka. 
  23. ^ a b Domínguez, Gabriel (9 January 2015). "introducing Maithripala Sirisena - Sri Lanka's new president". Deutsche Welle. 
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External links[edit]

Official
Other
Political offices
Preceded by
Mahinda Rajapaksa
President of Sri Lanka
2015–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Mahinda Rajapaksa
Minister of Defence
2015–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Susil Premajayanth
Mahaweli Development and Environment
2015–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Nimal Siripala de Silva
Minister of Health
2010–2014
Succeeded by
Tissa Attanayake
Preceded by
Minister of Agricultural Development and Agrarian Services
2005–2010
Succeeded by
Mahinda Yapa Abeywardena
Preceded by
W. J. M. Lokubandara
Leader of the House
2004–2005
Succeeded by
Nimal Siripala de Silva
Preceded by
Minister of Irrigation, Mahaweli and Rajarata Development
2004–2005
Succeeded by
Preceded by
S. B. Dissanayake
Mahaweli Development and Parliamentary Affairs
1997–2001
Succeeded by
A. H. M. Azwer
Parliament of Sri Lanka
Preceded by
Member of Parliament
for Polonnaruwa

1989–2015
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by
Mahinda Rajapaksa
Chairman of the Sri Lanka Freedom Party
2015–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
S. B. Dissanayake
General-Secretary of the Sri Lanka Freedom Party
2001–2014
Succeeded by
Anura Priyadharshana Yapa
Preceded by
General-Secretary of the Sri Lanka Freedom Party
1997–?
Succeeded by
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Mahinda Rajapaksa
Chairperson of the Commonwealth of Nations
2015
Succeeded by
Joseph Muscat