Map of Sarangani showing the location of Maitum
|Region||SOCCSKSARGEN (Region XII)|
|Founded||May 7, 1959|
|• Mayor||Elsie Lucille R. Perrett|
|• Total||290.66 km2 (112.22 sq mi)|
|• Density||130/km2 (330/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Income class||2nd class|
According to the last general elections, it has a total voting population of 18,953 voters.
According to local folklore, "Maitum" refers to the black stones in Saub River. It is believed that the river stones turned black when the local native princess and her warrior lover passed through it as they eloped and escaped from the wrath of the princess' father who disapproved their marriage. "Maitum" is a native word meaning black. In 1928, Maitum became part of the municipality of Kiamba. It became a separate municipality on May 7, 1959 through Republic Act No. 2189.
Maitum is politically subdivided into 19 barangays.
- New La Union
- Old Poblacion
People and culture
|Population census of Maitum, Sarangani|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
Internationally, Maitum is known for the discovery of very old cave artifacts called Maitum Anthropomorphic Potteries in one of the caves nearby. Ancient burial jars were discovered by archaeologists from the National Museum in Ayub Cave, Maitum, in 1991 and in 2008, at Sagel Cave, Maitum (now declared by National Historical Institute as a national historical sites). Amid Mindanao's armed conflicts, artifacts found thereat prove settlements of pre-historic civilization in Maitum.
The economy of Maitum is largely based on agriculture and is often called the "rice-granary" of Sarangani due to its high level production of rice. Aqua-culture is the second biggest income earner, notably the culture of milkfish (bangus), prawns (particularly giant prawns) and shrimps for export. Other agricultural products are coconuts, maize, sugarcane, bananas, pineapples, mangoes, pork, eggs, beef, and fish. Maitum is also a food basket nationally famous for its dried fish.
The economy has accelerated in the past decade driven by advances in global communication technology and the finishing of a modern highway that tremendously improved trade and transport.
Tarsiers have been discovered in Maitum's mountainous areas.
Caves and the rainforest of Maitum are the natural habitat of a rare fruit bat species called Giant Golden-crowned Flying Fox (Acedoron jubatus), also known as "silent planter," since it contributes greatly to forest regeneration, because of eating lots of fruits and their seeds. The rare Writhed-billed Hornbill and Tarictic Hornbill are also found in the surrounding rainforest. The Philippine Eagle (a monkey-eating eagle) also thrives in the area.
The endangered Hawksbill Turtles have their nesting grounds in Maitum's former main village called "Old Poblacion".
Sea turtles or pawikan can also be found in Maitum, Sarangani specifically at the Pawikan Nesting Sanctuary founded in 2003.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 6 October 2013.
- pia.gov.ph, Island resort now Sarangani landmark
- balita.ph/2008/11, Sarangani gears for foundation anniversary festival
- www.gmanews.tv/video, Born to be Wild: Giant Bats, 07/03/2008
- Official Website of the Municipality of Maitum
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- 1995 Philippine Census Information
- 2000 Philippine Census Information
- 2007 Philippine Census Information (1)
- 2007 Philippine Census Information (2)
- Local Governance Performance Management System
- Maitum cave yields artifacts similar to 1991 find