|Town and municipality|
From top: Majdanpek panorama, Donji Milanovac town panorama
Location of the municipality of Majdanpek within Serbia
|Region||Southern and Eastern Serbia|
|• Mayor||Dejan Vagner (SNS)|
|• Municipality||932 km2 (360 sq mi)|
|Elevation||498 m (1,634 ft)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Majdanpek (Serbian Cyrillic: Мајданпек) is a town and municipality located in the Bor District of the eastern Serbia. According to 2011 census, the municipality of Majdanpek had a population of 18,686 people, while the town of Majdanpek had a population of 10,109.
The name "Majdanpek" is derived from the words majdan meaning "quarry" (from Arabic maydān) and pek meaning "much, big, very" in Turkish. In Serbian Vlach (and Romanian), the town is known as simply Maidan.
The transition out of the Stone Age occurred between 6000 BCE and 2500 BCE for much of humanity living in North Africa and Eurasia. The first evidence of human metallurgy dates to between the 5th and 6th millennium BCE in the archaeological sites of Majdanpek, Yarmovac, and Pločnik in modern-day Serbia (a copper axe from 5500 BCE belonging to the Vinca culture), though not conventionally considered part of the Chalcolithic or "Copper Age", this provides the earliest known example of copper metallurgy. Chalcolithic excavations exist in Kapetanova Pecina, Praurija, Kameni Rog and Roman site of Kamenjar.
The town is famous as a copper mine district, since the early 17th century. The origin of the name is based on words majdan (related to Turkish madän, mine) and river Pek - mine on river Pek. Throughout its history, mining development was held by many foreign owners (Czechs, Belgians, Austrians), and was extensively exploited. The town was industrialized in the mid-20th century, by the industrial program supported by SFR Yugoslavia's Government of that time, and the personal influence of J.B.Tito (marshal and lifetime prime minister since the end of World War II until 1980). Through the late 20th century, the town was in a period of industrial progress and one of the most developed areas in copper mining and metallurgy.
Aside from the town of Majdanpek, the municipality includes the following settlements:
According to the 2011 census results, the municipality of Majdanpek has a population of 18,686 inhabitants.
Most of the settlements in the Majdanpek municipality have Serb ethnic majority. The settlement with Vlach ethnic majority is Vlaole. Ethnically mixed settlement with relative Vlach majority is Jasikovo. The ethnic composition of the municipality:
- Dejan Petkovic (b. 1972), Serbian football player
Society and culture
One of the best tourist attractions in Majdanpek is Rajkova Pećina (Rajko's Cave), one of the most beautiful caves in Serbia. For more info about this area or travel guidance - contact travel agency Mirno More.
- "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
- "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- "Neolithic Vinca was a metallurgical culture". Archaeo News. Reuters. 17 November 2007. Retrieved 25 January 2011.
- "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
- "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
- RTV Majdanpek
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