Majdanpek

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Majdanpek
Мајданпек
Town and municipality
Majdanpek sa Starice noću 01.jpg
Panorama Donjeg Milanovca 1.jpg
From top: Majdanpek panorama, Donji Milanovac town panorama
Coat of arms of Majdanpek
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Majdanpek within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Majdanpek within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°25′N 21°56′E / 44.417°N 21.933°E / 44.417; 21.933Coordinates: 44°25′N 21°56′E / 44.417°N 21.933°E / 44.417; 21.933
Country  Serbia
Region Southern and Eastern Serbia
District Bor
Settlements 14
Government
 • Mayor Dejan Vagner (SNS)
Area[1]
Area rank 15th
 • Town 178.08 km2 (68.76 sq mi)
 • Municipality 931.70 km2 (359.73 sq mi)
Elevation 362 m (1,188 ft)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 • Rank 77th
 • Town 10,109
 • Town density 57/km2 (150/sq mi)
 • Municipality 18,686
 • Municipality density 20/km2 (52/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code 19250
Area code +381(0)30
Car plates BO
Website www.majdanpek.rs

Majdanpek (Serbian Cyrillic: Мајданпек) is a town and municipality located in the Bor District of the eastern Serbia. According to 2011 census, the municipality of Majdanpek had a population of 18,686 people, while the town of Majdanpek had a population of 10,109.

Name[edit]

The name "Majdanpek" is derived from the words majdan meaning "quarry" (from Arabic maydān) and pek meaning "much, big, very" in Turkish. In Serbian Vlach (and Romanian), the town is known as simply Maidan.

History[edit]

The transition out of the Stone Age occurred between 6000 BCE and 2500 BCE for much of humanity living in North Africa and Eurasia. The first evidence of human metallurgy dates to between the 5th and 6th millennium BCE in the archaeological sites of Majdanpek, Yarmovac, and Pločnik in modern-day Serbia (a copper axe from 5500 BCE belonging to the Vinca culture), though not conventionally considered part of the Chalcolithic or "Copper Age", this provides the earliest known example of copper metallurgy.[3] Chalcolithic excavations exist in Kapetanova Pecina, Praurija, Kameni Rog and Roman site of Kamenjar.

The town is famous as a copper mine district, since the early 17th century. The origin of the name is based on words majdan (related to Turkish madän, mine) and river Pek - mine on river Pek. Throughout its history, mining development was held by many foreign owners (Czechs, Belgians, Austrians), and was extensively exploited. The town was industrialized in the mid-20th century, by the industrial program supported by SFR Yugoslavia's Government of that time, and the personal influence of J.B.Tito (marshal and lifetime prime minister since the end of World War II until 1980). Through the late 20th century, the town was in a period of industrial progress and one of the most developed areas in copper mining and metallurgy.

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Majdanpek has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dfb).

Climate data for Majdanpek
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1.7
(35.1)
3.3
(37.9)
9.1
(48.4)
14.9
(58.8)
19.9
(67.8)
23.0
(73.4)
25.6
(78.1)
25.7
(78.3)
21.8
(71.2)
15.3
(59.5)
7.6
(45.7)
2.8
(37)
14.2
(57.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.2
(29.8)
0.1
(32.2)
4.7
(40.5)
9.7
(49.5)
14.6
(58.3)
17.6
(63.7)
19.6
(67.3)
19.5
(67.1)
15.9
(60.6)
10.6
(51.1)
4.4
(39.9)
0.3
(32.5)
9.7
(49.4)
Average low °C (°F) −4.0
(24.8)
−3.1
(26.4)
0.4
(32.7)
4.6
(40.3)
9.3
(48.7)
12.2
(54)
13.6
(56.5)
13.4
(56.1)
10.0
(50)
5.9
(42.6)
1.1
(34)
−2.2
(28)
5.1
(41.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 45
(1.77)
44
(1.73)
45
(1.77)
57
(2.24)
80
(3.15)
93
(3.66)
72
(2.83)
58
(2.28)
50
(1.97)
44
(1.73)
55
(2.17)
56
(2.2)
699
(27.5)
Source: Climate-Data.org [4]

Settlements[edit]

The municipality includes the following settlements:

Towns
Villages

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194819,610—    
195321,155+1.53%
196123,022+1.06%
197126,120+1.27%
198126,628+0.19%
199127,378+0.28%
200223,703−1.30%
201118,686−2.61%
Source: [5]

According to the 2011 census results, the municipality of Majdanpek has a population of 18,686 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups[edit]

Most of the settlements in the Majdanpek municipality have Serb ethnic majority. The settlement with Vlach ethnic majority is Vlaole. Ethnically mixed settlement with relative Vlach majority is Jasikovo. The ethnic composition of the municipality:[6]

Ethnic group Population
Serbs 14,670
Vlachs 2,442
Montenegrins 70
Romanians 68
Macedonians 56
Yugoslavs 51
Croats 33
Bulgarians 22
Others 1,274
Total 18,686

Tourism[edit]

One of the most notable tourist attractions in Majdanpek is Rajkova Pećina (Rajko's Cave).[7][8]

Economy[edit]

The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):[9]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 125
Mining 1,097
Processing industry 740
Distribution of power, gas and water 52
Distribution of water and water waste management 96
Construction 118
Wholesale and retail, repair 380
Traffic, storage and communication 149
Hotels and restaurants 126
Media and telecommunications 38
Finance and insurance 20
Property stock and charter -
Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities 45
Administrative and other services 57
Administration and social assurance 276
Education 320
Healthcare and social work 299
Art, leisure and recreation 59
Other services 33
Total 4,030

Gallery[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  3. ^ "Neolithic Vinca was a metallurgical culture". Archaeo News. Reuters. 17 November 2007. Retrieved 25 January 2011.
  4. ^ "Climate: Majdanpek, Serbia". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved December 27, 2017.
  5. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). Stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  6. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). Stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 August 2014. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-04-03. Retrieved 2010-03-31.
  8. ^ "Turizam - Srbija - Majdanpek - Rajkova pecina - Rajko's cave". Paundurlic.com. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
  9. ^ "ОПШТИНЕ И РЕГИОНИ У РЕПУБЛИЦИ СРБИЈИ, 2017" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 17 February 2017.

External links[edit]