History and origin
The Majhwar get their name from the Hindi word madhya, which means those at the centre. They claim to have originally belonged to the Gond community. About 500 years ago, there was a battle between the Muslims and the Gonds, where their ancestors occupied the centre of the battlefield. As the Gond were defeated, they emigrated and settled in Mirzapur. They are now mainly found there and in Allahabad and Varanasi.
The Majhwar are divided into six divisions based on their earlier places of settlement. These sub-groups are further divided into gotras. Their main gotras include the Tekam, Netam, Airum, Keram, Karium, Sarium, Bhajbi, Mashram and Shyam. They are endogamous, and practice clan exogamy.
The Majhwar are now mainly farmers, with the raising of livestock as a secondary occupation. A few are also engaged in wage labour. They are Hindu, and have their own deities such as Burha-deo, Burhi-mai and Maror-maidevi. Their customs are similar to other communities in their neighbourhood, such as the Bind and Chero.
- People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part Two edited by A Hasan & J C Das pages 942 to 947
- "A-10 Individual Scheduled Caste Primary Census Abstract Data and its Appendix - Uttar Pradesh". Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2017-02-06.