Majid Kalakani

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Majid Kalakani
مجید کلکانی
Born1939
Died8 June 1980
Occupationpoet
OrganizationShalleh-ye Javiyd
SAMA
Known forRevolutionary leader in Afghanistan
MovementMaoism

Abdul Majid Kalakani[1] (Persian: مجید کلکانی‎; 1939 – 8 June 1980) also known as Majid Agha[2] was an Afghan political revolutionary and poet.[3] He was the founder and leader of the maoist Liberation Organization of the People of Afghanistan (SAMA).

Biography[edit]

Majid Kalakani was born in 1939 in the village of Kalakan in Shomali Plain. In 1945 his father and grandfather were arrested and executed by the Mohammad Hashim Khan regime.[4] Kalakani was a Maoist activist in the 1960s[5] and a member of the movement Shalleh-ye Javiyd. In 1978 Kalakani founded SAMA.[6] He was a leader of the Maoist resistance against the PDPA regime and Soviet invasion.[7] In 1979 he founded the United National Front of Afghanistan.[8] On 27 February 1980 Majid Kalakani was arrested near Kabul[9] as the result of the 3 Hut uprising against Soviet occupation.[10] He was executed on June 8, 1980.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ludwig Adamec and Frank Clements. Conflict in Afghanistan: A Historical Encyclopedia. ABC‐Clio, 2003.
  2. ^ Hafizullah Emadi. Repression, Resistance, and Women in Afghanistan. Praeger , 2002.
  3. ^ Hafizullah Emadi. Culture and Customs of Afghanistan. Greenwood, 2005.
  4. ^ Hafizullah Emadi. Dynamics of Political Development in Afghanistan: The British, Russian, and American Invasions.Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.
  5. ^ Gilles Dorronsoro. Revolution Unending: Afghanistan, 1979 to the Present. Columbia University Press, 2002.
  6. ^ Ludwig Adamec and Frank Clements. Conflict in Afghanistan: A Historical Encyclopedia. ABC‐Clio, 2003.
  7. ^ Anthony Hyman. Afghanistan under Soviet Domination, 1964–91. Palgrave Macmillan, 1992.
  8. ^ Mohammed Kakar. Afghanistan: The Soviet Invasion and the Afghan Response, 1979-1982.University of California Press, 1997.
  9. ^ Halim Tanwir. Afghanistan: History, Diplomacy and Journalism Volume 1. Xlibris, 2013.[self-published source]
  10. ^ Six Days That Shook Kabul: The ‘3 Hut uprising’, first urban protest against the Soviet occupation

Further reading[edit]

  • Journal of the University of Baluchistan, 1981: Abd al-Majid Kalakani as the Symbol of National Resistance.

External links[edit]