Majid bin Said of Zanzibar

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Majid bin Said
ماجد بن سعيد  (Arabic)
Sultan Majid bin Said (cropped).jpg
Painting by unknown c.1859
Sultan of Zanzibar
Reign19 October 1856 – 7 October 1870
PredecessorFirst Sultan
SuccessorBarghash bin Said
Bornc. 1834
Died7 October 1870(1870-10-07) (aged 35–36)
Zanzibar (Unguja)
Makusurani Cemetery
ConsortSayyida Aisha Al-Said
IssueSayyida Khanfora bint Majid Al-Said
Sayyid Majid bin Said Al-Busaid
HouseAl Busaid
FatherSaid bin Sultan
ReligionIbadi Islam

Majid bin Said al-Busaidi (Arabic: ماجد بن سعيد البوسعيد‎) (c. 1834(1870-10-07)7 October 1870) was the first Sultan of Zanzibar. He ruled Zanzibar from 19 October 1856 to 7 October 1870.[1]


Sayyid Majid bin Said Al-Busaid was born on 1834 in Zanzibar to Said bin Sultan and an Ethiopian mother.[2]

Majid became Sultan of Zanzibar and Oman on the death of his father, Sayyid Said bin Sultan, but his accession was contested. Following the struggle over the accession to the position of Sultan of Oman, Zanzibar and Oman were divided into two separate principalities, with Majid ruling Zanzibar and his older brother Thuwaini ruling Oman.

His marriage only produced one daughter, Sayyida Khanfora bint Majid (who married her cousin, Hamoud bin Mohammed). Consequently, Majid was succeeded as Sultan by his brother Barghash. Majid's grandson Ali bin Hamud Al-Busaid later became the 8th Sultan of Zanzibar, while his great-grandson Abdullah bin Khalifa Al-Said was the 10th Sultan.

In 1866, he purchased the former Confederate commerce raider CSS Shenandoah and renamed her El Majidi after himself.[3]

In 1871, botanists published a genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Sapindaceae, from Central Africa and called it Majidea in his honour.[4]


  1. ^ Keane 1907, p. 483
  2. ^ Nicolini, Beatrice (2009). The Myth of the Sultans in the Western Indian Ocean during the Nineteenth Century: A New Hypothesis. p. 250.
  3. ^ "CSS Shenandoah Confederate Navy Cruiser American Civil War".
  4. ^ "Majidea Kirk ex Oliv. | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 17 May 2021.


External links[edit]

Preceded by
Sultan of Zanzibar
Succeeded by