Major County, Oklahoma

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Major County, Oklahoma
Glass Mountains, OK (4244781757).jpg
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Major County
Location in the U.S. state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
Founded 1907
Seat Fairview
Largest city Fairview
Area
 • Total 958 sq mi (2,481 km2)
 • Land 955 sq mi (2,473 km2)
 • Water 3.0 sq mi (8 km2), 0.3%
Population (est.)
 • (2013) 7,683
 • Density 7.9/sq mi (3/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Major County is a county located in the northwestern part of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,527.[1] Its county seat is Fairview.[2] The county was created in 1907.[3]

Located in northwestern Oklahoma, Major County is bounded by Woods and Alfalfa counties in the north, Garfield County on the east, Kingfisher, Blaine and Dewey on the south, and Woodward on the west, Major County has 957.87 square miles of land and water. It is drained by the North Canadian and Cimarron rivers and the Eagle Chief, Griever, and Sand creeks.

History[edit]

Upon statehood in 1907, Major County was created from southern part of a territorial county.[4] Fairview, which had been settled following the Land Run of 1893, was designated the county seat and voters reaffirmed the choice on December 22, 1908.[5] The county's commissioners rented office space until a brick courthouse was constructed.[5] A second courthouse, made of stone, was erected in 1928.[5]

Named for John Charles Major, a representative to the state's 1906 Constitutional Convention, the area was originally settled by large numbers of Kansas Mennonites.[4] One county town, Meno, received its name from an early leader of the Mennonite movement, Menno Simons.[4]

The county experienced "Black Sunday" dust storms on April 14, 1935.[6]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 958 square miles (2,480 km2), of which 955 square miles (2,470 km2) is land and 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2) (0.3%) is water.[7]

Eagle Chief Creek, which empties into the Cimarron River near Cleo Springs, was known to the Cheyenne people as Maheonekamax.[8]

There is a large gypsum formation extending across much of western Oklahoma, and the Ames Structure, which is buried under 3,000 meters of sand and soil and is possibly the result of a meteorite impact.

The town of Ringwood is a well known producer of watermelons in the region and holds a Watermelon Festival annually.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 15,248
1920 12,426 −18.5%
1930 12,206 −1.8%
1940 11,946 −2.1%
1950 10,279 −14.0%
1960 7,808 −24.0%
1970 7,529 −3.6%
1980 8,772 16.5%
1990 8,055 −8.2%
2000 7,545 −6.3%
2010 7,527 −0.2%
Est. 2016 7,772 [9] 3.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2013[1]
Age pyramid for Major County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 7,545 people, 3,046 households, and 2,208 families residing in the county. The population density was 8 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 3,540 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (1/km²). Nearly all of the county's residents (94.96 percent) were listed as white and 94.7 percent spoke English. Most of the remaining residents were listed as Hispanic or Latino (4.02 percent) who spoke Spanish (4.1 percent), Native American (.9 percent), or mixed (1.44 percent). A small group (1 percent) spoke German as their first language.

Of the 3,046 households in 2000, 31 percent had children under the age of 18, 63.7 percent belonged to married couples, 6 percent were run by a female householder with no husband present, and 27.5 percent were non-families. A quarter of the households were made up of individuals and 13.5 percent had someone living alone who was 65 year of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.92.

The median age of the county's residents in 2000 was 42 years. The population was spread out with 24.7 percent under the age of 18, 6.7 percent age 18 to 24, 24.4 percent age 25 to 44, 24.9 percent age 45 to 64, and 19.4 percent who were 65 years of age or older. Women and girls slightly outnumber males, with 95.4 males for every 100 females and 91.5 males for every 100 females 18 and over.

The median income for a household in the county in 2000 was $30,949, and the median income for a family was $36,888. Males had a median income of $28,078 versus $17,658 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,272. About 9.3 percent of families and 12 percent of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.1 percent of those under age 18 and 9.3 percent of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2017[15]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
Democratic 777 17.56%
Republican 3,325 75.14%
Unaffiliated 264 7.30%
Total 4,425 100%

Major County has been won by the Republican Presidential nominee in every election except the 1932 Roosevelt landslide, when Herbert Hoover lost every county in the West South Central States,[16] being the only county in Oklahoma to be won by Alf Landon in 1936.[17] In the last five elections the Republican Presidential candidate has defeated the Democratic candidate by at least sixty percentage points,[18] and no Democrat since Jimmy Carter in 1976 has obtained even thirty percent of the county’s vote.

It is part of Oklahoma's 3rd congressional district, which has a Cook Partisan Voting Index of R+18 and is represented by Frank Lucas. In the Oklahoma Senate it is part of the 27th district and is represented by Republican Bryce Marlatt. In the Oklahoma House of Representatives it is part of the 58th district and is represented by Republican Jeff Hickman.

Presidential Elections Results[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 86.5% 2,948 9.1% 310 4.4% 149
2012 85.8% 2,700 14.2% 446
2008 85.2% 2,956 14.8% 515
2004 85.3% 3,122 14.7% 537
2000 79.7% 2,672 18.9% 635 1.3% 45
1996 62.3% 2,188 25.6% 900 12.1% 424
1992 57.4% 2,154 19.5% 731 23.2% 870
1988 71.9% 2,638 26.8% 982 1.4% 51
1984 83.9% 3,385 15.3% 619 0.8% 31
1980 81.8% 3,059 15.6% 584 2.6% 96
1976 61.7% 2,282 36.7% 1,357 1.6% 58
1972 83.9% 3,203 13.4% 512 2.7% 103
1968 72.8% 2,550 17.0% 594 10.2% 357
1964 65.4% 2,436 34.6% 1,291
1960 80.2% 2,892 19.8% 716
1956 74.8% 2,826 25.2% 951
1952 80.5% 3,495 19.5% 845
1948 66.8% 2,467 33.2% 1,227
1944 75.4% 3,019 24.1% 965 0.5% 21
1940 70.6% 3,453 28.7% 1,404 0.7% 34
1936 53.0% 2,230 45.9% 1,929 1.1% 45
1932 35.2% 1,374 64.8% 2,525
1928 78.7% 2,891 18.4% 674 2.9% 107
1924 58.5% 1,781 21.3% 649 20.2% 614
1920 60.0% 1,921 24.5% 784 15.5% 496
1916 39.7% 946 32.0% 762 28.3% 674
1912 48.3% 1,200 27.8% 689 23.9% 594

Economy[edit]

The county's economy has historically been based on agriculture, specifically wheat farming, poultry raising and cattle ranching. Major crops have included corn, wheat, Kaffir corn, broomcorn and alfalfa. The Hallren Poultry and Creamery founded in Fairview in 1936 was the county's largest employer by the late 1950s.[4]

Oil and gas production have significantly bolstered the county economy, especially around the Ames Structure and the Ringwood oil field.[4]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated places[edit]

NRHP sites[edit]

The following sites in Major County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved November 9, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Oklahoma: Individual County Chronologies". Oklahoma Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. Retrieved February 24, 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Peterson-Veatch, Ross. "Major County," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society, 2009. Accessed April 4, 2015.
  5. ^ a b c Wilson, Linda D. "Fairview," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society, 2009. Accessed April 4, 2015.
  6. ^ a b Peterson-Veatch, Ross. "Ringwood," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society, 2009. Accessed April 4, 2015.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 21, 2015. 
  8. ^ Petter, Rodolphe. (1915). English-Cheyenne dictionary. Kettle Falls, Wash.: V. Petter. p. 920. 
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 21, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 21, 2015. 
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 21, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 21, 2015. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  15. ^ https://www.ok.gov/elections/documents/20170115%20-%20Registration%20By%20County%20%28vr2420%29.pdf
  16. ^ Robinson, Edgar Eugene; The Presidential Vote 1896-1932, pp. 68, 109 ISBN 9780804716963
  17. ^ Geographie Electorale
  18. ^ New York Times Election Map (Zoom in on Oklahoma)
  19. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

Coordinates: 36°19′N 98°32′W / 36.31°N 98.54°W / 36.31; -98.54