Major County, Oklahoma

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Major County
Glass Mountains
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Major County
Location within the U.S. state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 36°19′N 98°32′W / 36.31°N 98.54°W / 36.31; -98.54
Country United States
State Oklahoma
Founded1907
SeatFairview
Largest cityFairview
Area
 • Total958 sq mi (2,480 km2)
 • Land955 sq mi (2,470 km2)
 • Water3.0 sq mi (8 km2)  0.3%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total7,527
 • Estimate 
(2019)
7,629
 • Density7.9/sq mi (3.1/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district3rd

Major County is a county in the northwestern part of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, its population was 7,527.[1] Its county seat is Fairview.[2] The county was created in 1907.[3]

Located in northwestern Oklahoma, Major County is bounded by Woods and Alfalfa Counties in the north, Garfield County on the east, Kingfisher, Blaine and Dewey on the south, and Woodward on the west. Major County has 957.87 square miles of land and water. It is drained by the North Canadian and Cimarron Rivers and the Eagle Chief, Griever, and Sand Creeks.

History[edit]

Upon statehood in 1907, Major County was created from southern part of a territorial county.[4] Fairview, which had been settled following the Land Run of 1893, was designated the county seat, and voters reaffirmed the choice on December 22, 1908.[5] The county commissioners rented office space until a brick courthouse was constructed.[5] A second courthouse, made of stone, was erected in 1928.[5]

Named for John Charles Major, a representative to the state's 1906 Constitutional Convention, the area was originally settled by large numbers of Kansas Mennonites.[4] One county town, Meno, received its name from an early leader of the Mennonite movement, Menno Simons.[4]

The county experienced "Black Sunday" dust storms on April 14, 1935.[6]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 958 square miles (2,480 km2), of which 955 square miles (2,470 km2) are land and 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2) (0.3%) are covered by water.[7]

Eagle Chief Creek, which empties into the Cimarron River near Cleo Springs, was known to the Cheyenne people as Maheonekamax.[8]

A large gypsum formation extends across much of western Oklahoma, and the Ames Structure, which is buried under 3,000 meters of sand and soil, is possibly the result of a meteorite impact.

The town of Ringwood is a well-known producer of watermelons in the region and holds a Watermelon Festival annually.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
191015,248
192012,426−18.5%
193012,206−1.8%
194011,946−2.1%
195010,279−14.0%
19607,808−24.0%
19707,529−3.6%
19808,77216.5%
19908,055−8.2%
20007,545−6.3%
20107,527−0.2%
2019 (est.)7,629[9]1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2019[1]
Age pyramid for Major County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.

As of the census[14] of 2000, 7,545 people, 3,046 households, and 2,208 families resided in the county. The population density was 8 people per square mile (3/km2). The 3,540 housing units averaged 4 per square mile (1/km2). Nearly all of the county's residents (94.96%) were listed as White and 94.7% spoke English. Most of the remaining residents were listed as Hispanic or Latino (4.02%), who spoke Spanish (4.1%), Native American (0.9%), or mixed (1.44%). A few spoke German as their first language.

Of the 3,046 households in 2000, 31% had children under 18, 63.7% were married couples, 6% were a female householder with no husband present, and 27.5% were not families. A quarter of the households were made up of individuals, and 13.5% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.44, and the average family size was 2.92.

The median age was 42 years. The age distribution was 24.7% under 18, 6.7% were 18 to 24, 24.4% were 25 to 44, 24.9% were 45 to 64, and 19.4% were 65 or older. Females slightly outnumber males, with 95.4 males for every 100 females and 91.5 males for every 100 females 18 and over.

The median income for a household was $30,949, and for a family was $36,888. Males had a median income of $28,078 versus $17,658 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,272. About 9.3 percent of families and 12 percent of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.1% of those under 18 and 9.3% of those 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2019[15]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
Democratic 642 14.93%
Republican 3,310 76.98%
Others 348 8.10%
Total 4,300 100%

Major County has been won by the Republican presidential nominee in every election except the 1932 Roosevelt landslide, when Herbert Hoover lost every county in the West South Central States,[16] being the only county in Oklahoma to be won by Alf Landon in 1936.[17] In the last five elections the Republican presidential candidate has defeated the Democratic candidate by at least 60%,[18] and no Democrat since Jimmy Carter in 1976 has obtained even 30% of the county's vote.

It is part of Oklahoma's 3rd congressional district, which has a Cook Partisan Voting Index of R+29 and is represented by Frank Lucas. In the Oklahoma Senate, it is part of the 27th district and is represented by Republican Casey Murdock. In the Oklahoma House of Representatives, it is part of the 58th district and is represented by Republican Carl Newton.

United States presidential election results for Major County, Oklahoma[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 3,084 88.95% 320 9.23% 63 1.82%
2016 2,948 86.53% 310 9.10% 149 4.37%
2012 2,700 85.82% 446 14.18% 0 0.00%
2008 2,956 85.16% 515 14.84% 0 0.00%
2004 3,122 85.32% 537 14.68% 0 0.00%
2000 2,672 79.71% 635 18.94% 45 1.34%
1996 2,188 62.30% 900 25.63% 424 12.07%
1992 2,154 57.36% 731 19.47% 870 23.17%
1988 2,638 71.86% 982 26.75% 51 1.39%
1984 3,385 83.89% 619 15.34% 31 0.77%
1980 3,059 81.81% 584 15.62% 96 2.57%
1976 2,282 61.73% 1,357 36.71% 58 1.57%
1972 3,203 83.89% 512 13.41% 103 2.70%
1968 2,550 72.84% 594 16.97% 357 10.20%
1964 2,436 65.36% 1,291 34.64% 0 0.00%
1960 2,892 80.16% 716 19.84% 0 0.00%
1956 2,826 74.82% 951 25.18% 0 0.00%
1952 3,495 80.53% 845 19.47% 0 0.00%
1948 2,467 66.78% 1,227 33.22% 0 0.00%
1944 3,019 75.38% 965 24.09% 21 0.52%
1940 3,453 70.60% 1,404 28.71% 34 0.70%
1936 2,230 53.04% 1,929 45.88% 45 1.07%
1932 1,374 35.24% 2,525 64.76% 0 0.00%
1928 2,891 78.73% 674 18.36% 107 2.91%
1924 1,781 58.51% 649 21.32% 614 20.17%
1920 1,921 60.01% 784 24.49% 496 15.50%
1916 946 39.71% 762 31.99% 674 28.30%
1912 1,210 48.50% 689 27.62% 596 23.89%
1908 1,446 51.59% 877 31.29% 480 17.12%

Economy[edit]

The county's economy has historically been based on agriculture, specifically wheat farming, poultry raising, and cattle ranching. Major crops have included corn, wheat, kaffir corn, broomcorn, and alfalfa. The Hallren Poultry and Creamery founded in Fairview in 1936 was the county's largest employer by the late 1950s.[4]

Oil and gas production have significantly bolstered the county economy, especially around the Ames Structure and the Ringwood oil field.[4]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated places[edit]

NRHP sites[edit]

These sites in Major County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Oklahoma: Individual County Chronologies". Oklahoma Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. Archived from the original on April 2, 2018. Retrieved February 24, 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d e Peterson-Veatch, Ross. "Major County," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society, 2009. Accessed April 4, 2015.
  5. ^ a b c Wilson, Linda D. "Fairview," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society, 2009. Accessed April 4, 2015.
  6. ^ a b Peterson-Veatch, Ross. "Ringwood," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society, 2009. Accessed April 4, 2015.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  8. ^ Petter, Rodolphe. (1915). English-Cheyenne dictionary. Kettle Falls, Wash.: V. Petter. pp. 920.
  9. ^ "County Population Totals: 2010-2019". Retrieved February 7, 2021.
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 9, 2022. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  14. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  15. ^ "Oklahoma Registration Statistics by County" (PDF). OK.gov. January 15, 2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 17, 2020. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  16. ^ Robinson, Edgar Eugene; The Presidential Vote 1896-1932, pp. 68, 109 ISBN 9780804716963
  17. ^ Geographie Electorale
  18. ^ New York Times Election Map (Zoom in on Oklahoma)
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 29, 2018.

Coordinates: 36°19′N 98°32′W / 36.31°N 98.54°W / 36.31; -98.54