major party is a political party that holds substantial influence in a country's politics, standing in contrast to a minor party. It should not be confused with majority party.
According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary:
Major party: a political party having electoral strength sufficient to permit it to win control of a government usually with comparative regularity and when defeated to constitute the principal opposition to the party in power.
— Merriam-Webster Dictionary online
Major parties hold a significant percentage of the vote in elections and claim higher membership than minor parties. Typically, major parties have the most donors, best-organized support networks and excellent funding for elections. Their candidates for political positions are closely watched since they have the highest chance of being elected to office because of the high membership, recognition and donations that these parties are able to generate.
Two major parties can lead to a
two-party system. If there is only one major party, then it is a dominant-party system. In a multi-party system, a major party is one that occasionally controls the presidency or premiership and is the most influential party in a coalition government.
List of major parties [ edit ]
major party Centre-right/Right-wing
major party Other major party
Socialist Party of Albania
Democratic Party of Albania
National Liberation Front
National Rally for Democracy
Social Democratic Party
Democrats for Andorra
Australian Labor Party
Liberal Party of Australia
Social Democratic Party of Austria
Austrian People's Party
Freedom Party of Austria
Bangladesh Awami League
Bangladesh Nationalist Party
Barbados Labour Party
Democratic Labour Party
Brazilian Social Democracy Party
Brazilian Democratic Movement Party
Bulgarian Socialist Party
Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria
African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde
Movement for Democracy
New Democratic Party
Conservative Party of Canada
Liberal Party of Canada
The Liberal party was a major federal party until 2011, when it won the fewest seats in its history.
Citizens' Action Party (PAC)
National Liberation Party (PLN)
PLN defines itself as "centrist" but is generally considered to be more right-wing than PAC.
Social Democratic Party of Croatia
Croatian Democratic Union
Czech Social Democratic Party
Civic Democratic Party was the dominant centre-right party until 2013.
Danish People's Party
The Danish People's Party is third largest, and is currently polling just behind the Social Democrats as second largest party.
Party of European Socialists
European People's Party
Social Democratic Party of Finland
National Coalition Party
Social Democratic Party of Germany
Christian Democratic Union
Coalition of the Radical Left
2012 legislative election, Pasok was the major party of the centre-left.
Hungarian Socialist Party
Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Union
Social Democratic Alliance
Indian National Congress
Bharatiya Janata Party
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Khazgam
Indonesian Democratic Party-Struggle
Gerindra Party and Democratic Party
Fianna Fáil received the largest share of the vote in Ireland from 1932 to 2011, when it was returned in third place with just 17.4% of the vote.
Five Star Movement
Until 1992 the major party was Christian Democracy, which had been in government for five decades; the second party was the Italian Communist Party.
Liberal Democratic Party
People's National Party
Jamaica Labour Party
Democratic United Party
Social Democratic Party "Harmony"
Union of Greens and Farmers
Lithuanian Social Democratic Party
Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party
Christian Social People's Party
Social Democratic Union of Macedonia
Party of the Democratic Revolution
National Action Party
Institutional Revolutionary Party
Democratic Party of Socialists
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
Christian Democratic Appeal
Social Democratic Party
Republic of China (Taiwan)
Democratic Progressive Party
Social Democratic Party
National Liberal Party
Workers' Party of Singapore
People's Action Party
Direction – Social Democracy
Christian Democratic Movement
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party
United National Party
United People's Freedom Alliance
Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna & Tamil National Alliance
Swedish Social Democratic Party
Republican People's Party
Justice and Development Party
From the 17th through mid-19th century, the Whigs and the Tories were the major parties.
United Kingdom (Scotland)
Scottish National Party & Scottish Labour Party
Scottish Conservative Party
Scottish Liberal Democrats
Scotland has similar major parties to that of the United Kingdom, with the exception of having its own nationalist party which is also centre left.
United Kingdom (Northern Ireland)
Democratic Unionist Party
Social Democratic and Labour Party & Ulster Unionist Party
Despite being part of the UK, the main parties in Northern Ireland differ from those in Great Britain.
United Kingdom (Wales)
Welsh Conservative Party
Plaid Cymru & Welsh Liberal Democrats
Wales has similar major parties to that of the United Kingdom, with the exception of having its own nationalist party.
At various times during the 18th and 19th centuries, the Federalist Party, Democratic-Republican Party, and Whig Party were all major.
United States (Puerto Rico)
New Progressive Party
Popular Democratic Party
Puerto Rico is the only territory within the jurisdiction of USA with different major parties from the rest of the USA.
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]