Majorelle Garden

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Majorelle Garden
Jardins Majorelle
Le jardin des majorelle 40.JPG
Majorelle Garden
Established 1923
Location Marrakesh, Morocco
Coordinates Coordinates: 31°38′34″N 8°00′11″W / 31.64278°N 8.00306°W / 31.64278; -8.00306
Type Art museum Garden
Key holdings Berber Museum, Islamic Art Museum, Musée Yves Saint Laurent
Collections Berber art, Islamic art, Haute couture
Founder Jacques Majorelle

The Majorelle Garden (French: Jardin Majorelle, Arabic: حديقة ماجوريل‎ hadiqat mmajuril, Berber languages: ⵓⵔⵜⵉ ⵎⴰⵊⵓⵔⵉⵍ urti majuril) is a two and half acre botanical garden and artist's landscape garden in Marrakech, Morocco. It was created by French Orientalist artist, Jacques Majorelle over almost forty years, starting in 1923 and features a Cubist villa designed by French architect, Paul Sinoir in the 1930s. The property was the residence of the artist and his wife from 1923 until their divorce in the 1950s. In the 1980s, the property was purchased by fashion designers, Yves Saint-Laurent and Pierre Bergé who worked to restore it. Today the garden and villa complex is open to the public. The villa houses the Islamic Art Museum of Marrakech, the Berber Museum and has recently opened the Musee Yves Saint Laurent.

History[edit]

Majorelle Garden's cactus collection, with Villa in the background

The Majorelle Garden was designed by the French artist, Jacques Majorelle (1886-1962), son of the Art Nouveau ébéniste (cabinet-maker) of Nancy, Louis Majorelle. As a young aspiring painter, Jacques Majorelle was sent to Morocco in around 1917 to convalesce from a serious medical condition. After spending a short time in Casablanca, he travelled to Marrakech and like many of his contemporaries, fell in love with the vibrant colours and street life he found there. After travelling around North Africa and the Mediterranean, he eventually decided to settle permanently in Marrakech. [1]

In 1923, just four years after his marriage to Andrée Longueville, Majorelle purchased a four-acre plot, situated on the border of a palm grove in Marrakech and built a house in the Mooroccan style. In 1931, he commissioned the architect, Paul Sinoir, to design a Cubist villa for the property. Gradually, he purchased additional land, extending his holding by some 10 acres. In the grounds around the residence, Majorelle began planting a luxuriant garden which would become known as the Jardins Majorelle (Majorelle Garden). The garden became his life's work and he devoted himself to developing it for almost forty years.[2]

The garden proved costly to run and in 1947, Majorelle opened the garden to the public with an admission fee designed to defray the cost of maintenance.[3] At times, he sold off parcels of land to fund the growing garden. Following his divorce in the 1950s, Majorelle was forced to sell the house and land. After this, the garden was neglected and fell into disrepair. The garden and villa were rediscovered in the 1980s, by fashion designers, Yves Saint-Laurent and Pierre Bergé who set about restoring it and saving it.[4]

An example of Majorelle Blue from the house in the garden

During his lifetime, Majorelle earned a reputation as a celebrated Orientalist painter. Though Majorelle's watercolors are largely forgotten today, the gardens remain as his creative masterpiece. The special shade of bold cobalt blue, inspired by the coloured tiles he had seen around Marrakech and in Berber burn-houses, was used extensively in the garden and its buildings and is named after him, bleu Majorelle—Majorelle Blue.[5][6] Prior to his death, Majorelle patented the colour which carries his name.

Gardens and complex[edit]

The gardens and buildings form a complex, where specific buildings are dedicated to various museums and exhibits of interest to visitors. The gardens, which cover two and half acres, are open to the public daily and house an important collection of cacti and sculpture. The villa is home to the Berber Museum and also features a collection of Majorelle's paintings.[7] Majorelle's former studio workshop has become the location of the Islamic Art Museum of Marrakech which features a collection of North African textiles from Saint-Laurent's personal collection as well as ceramics and jewelry. [8]

Development of the garden complex is ongoing. Profits from the gardens are used to fund new projects. In October 2017, the Musee Yves Saint Laurent was opened to the public as a tribute to the designer's legacy and his links with Marrakech. [9] The gardens are a major tourist drawcard in Marrakech, attracting more than 700,000 visitors annually. [10]

Organisation and management[edit]

Since 2010, the property has been owned by the Foundation Pierre Bergé – Yves Saint Laurent, a French not-for-profit organisation and since 2011 has been managed by the Foundation Jardin Majorelle, a recognized non-profit organization in Marrakech.[11] Pierre Bergé was the director of the Garden's Foundation until his death in September, 2017. [12]


Gallery[edit]

The garden hosts more than 15 bird species that are endemic to North Africa. It has many fountains, and a notable collection of cacti.[5]

Yves Saint-Laurent[edit]

The garden was owned by Yves Saint-Laurent and Pierre Bergé between 1980 and 2008. After Yves Saint Laurent died in 2008 his ashes were scattered in the Majorelle Garden.[13]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marcilhac, F., La Vie et l'Oeuvre de Jacques Majorelle: 1886-1962, [The Orientalists Volume 7], ARC Internationale edition, 1988, pp 11-12
  2. ^ Jardin Majorelle, Biography- Jacques Majorelle, Online: http://jardinmajorelle.com/ang/jacques-majorelle-in-morocco/
  3. ^ "Jacques Majorelle," Atlas Elite Magazine International, 10 July 2017, p. 8
  4. ^ Notes on Jacques Majorelle, 2003, https://web.archive.org/web/20081122043640/http://www.painterskeys.com/clickbacks/majorelle.asp
  5. ^ a b "Painters I Should Have Known About (007) Jacques Majorelle". Articles & Texticles. 2007. Archived from the original on 2 September 2007. Retrieved 28 March 2016. 
  6. ^ "Jacques Majorelle". The Painter's Keys. 18 November 2003. Archived from the original on November 22, 2008. Retrieved 13 August 2008. 
  7. ^ Foundation Jardin Majorelle, Le Cahiers de Musee Berbere, [English version], 2017
  8. ^ "Bienvenue au Jardin Majorelle" (in French). Jardin Majorelle. Retrieved 28 March 2016. 
  9. ^ Panguang, J.C., "In Marrakesh, a New Museum Celebrates Yves Saint Laurent," New York Times, 21 August, 2017, <Online: https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/21/t-magazine/fashion/yves-saint-laurent-museum-marrakesh.html>
  10. ^ Foundation Jardin Majorelle, Online: http://jardinmajorelle.com/ang/fondation-jardin-majorelle/
  11. ^ Foundation Jardin Majorelle, Online: http://jardinmajorelle.com/ang/fondation-jardin-majorelle/
  12. ^ Diderich, J., "Pierre Bergé Ties the Knot With Madison Cox," WWD, 4 May, 2017; Howell, V., "Pierre Bergé Obituary," The Guardian (UK),Online: https://www.theguardian.com/fashion/2017/sep/10/pierre-berge-obituary
  13. ^ "Love 1936-2008". Fondation Pierre Bergé - Yves Saint Laurent. 2008. Retrieved 2011-10-27. 

External links[edit]