Mak language

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Mak
Native toChina
RegionLibo County, southern Guizhou
Ethnicity10,000 (2000)[1]
Native speakers
5,000 (2007)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3mkg
Glottologmakc1235[2]

The Mak language (Chinese: 莫语; autonym: ʼai3 ma꞉k8)[3] is a Kam–Sui language spoken in Libo County, Qiannan Prefecture, Guizhou, China. It is spoken mainly in the four townships of Yangfeng 羊/阳风乡 (including Dali 大利村 and Xinchang 新场村 dialects[4]), Fangcun 方村, Jialiang 甲良, and Diwo 地莪 in Jialiang District 甲良, Libo County. Mak speakers can also be found in Dushan County. Mak is spoken alongside Ai-Cham and Bouyei.[5] The Mak are officially classified as Bouyei by the Chinese government.

Yang (2000) considers Ai-Cham and Mak to be different dialects of the same language.

The Fangcun was first studied by Fang-Kuei Li in 1942, and the Yangfeng dialect was studied in the 1980s by Dabai Ni of the Minzu University of China.[5] Ni also noted that the Mak people only sing Bouyei folk songs, and that about 5,000 Mak people have shifted to the Bouyei language.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mak at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Mak (China)". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ See Proto-Tai_language#Tones for an explanation of the tone codes.
  4. ^ Ni Dabai [倪大白]. 2010. 侗台语概论 [An introduction to Kam-Tai languages], p.249. Beijing: Ethnic Publishing House [民族出版社]. ISBN 978-7-105-10582-3
  5. ^ a b Dabai, Ni. 1988. "Yangfeng Mak of Libo county." In Jerold A. Edmondson and David B. Solnit (eds.), Comparative Kadai: Linguistic studies beyond Tai, 87-106. Summer Institute of Linguistics Publications in Linguistics, 86. Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics and the University of Texas at Arlington.
  • Edmondson, J. A., & Solnit, D. B. (1988). Comparative Kadai: linguistic studies beyond Tai. Summer Institute of Linguistics publications in linguistics, no. 86. [Arlington, Tex.]: Summer Institute of Linguistics. ISBN 0-88312-066-6.
  • 杨通银 / Yang Tongyin. 莫语研究 / Mo yu yan jiu (A Study of Mak). Beijing: 中央民族大学出版社 / Zhong yang min zu da xue chu ban she, 2000.
  • Zhou, Guoyan 周国炎. 2013. Zhōngguó xīnán mínzú zájū dìqū yǔyán guānxì yǔ duō yǔ héxié yánjiū: Yǐ diān qián guì pílín mínzú zájū dìqū wèi yánjiū gè'àn 中国西南民族杂居地区语言关系与多语和谐研究:以滇黔桂毗邻民族杂居地区为研究个案. Beijing: China Social Sciences Academy Press 中国社会科学出版社. ISBN 978-7-5161-1985-3