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Macarius is a Latinized form of a Greek given name Makarios (Μακάριος). The old Greek word μακάριος makarios (mak-ar'-ee-os) is a prolonged form of the poetical μάκαρ makar (of the same meaning); supremely blessed, by extension fortunate, well off, blessed, happy.
In other languages the name has the following forms:
- Finnish: the given name Kari or Karri. Derived surname: Mäkäräinen.
- Greek: Makarios
- Italian: Macario, which is also a family name
- Portuguese: Macário
- Russian/Ukrainian/Belarusian: Makar (Макар) or its archaic/Church Slavonic form Makariy (Макарий), -ий being a common Russian language rendering of Greek and Latin suffixes -ios/-ius/-ium. Makariy is still in use in the context of the Russian Orthodox Church, which uses Church Slavonic traditions. Derived surnames: Makarov/Makarova, Makarenko, Makarchuk, Makarevich.
- Serbian: Makarije/Макарије
- Romanian: Macarescu (surname)
People named Macarius
- Macarius of Alexandria, a martyr, saint, and companion of Faustus, Abibus and Dionysius of Alexandria
- Macarius of Egypt: (300–390) Egyptian monk and hermit. Also known as Pseudo-Macarius, Macarius-Symeon, Macarius the Elder, or St. Macarius the Great
- Macarius of Jerusalem, Bishop in 314–333
- Macarius of Alexandria, also known as Macarius the Younger (died 395)
- Macarius Magnes, 4th century Christian author of an apology "Apocriticus"
- Macarius I of Antioch: Patriarch of Antioch, deposed in 681
- Pope Macarius I of Alexandria, ruled in 933–953
- Pope Macarius II of Alexandria, ruled in 1102–1128
- Macarius of Esztergom, Archbishop in 1142–1147
- Macarius II of Antioch, Patriarch in 1164–1166
- Venerable Macarius of Yellow Water Lake and Unzha (1349–1444), founder of several Russian monasteries.
- Macarius (1482–1563), metropolitan of Moscow
- Macarius III Zaim, Melkite Patriarch of Antioch from 1647 to 1672
- Macarius, elder of Optina monastery
- Macarius of Corinth
- Macarius IV Tawil, Patriarch of the Melkite Greek Catholic Church in 1813–1815
- Macarius I, head of the Holy Synod in 1879–1882 in Russia, better known as his church's leading historian.
- Macarius II, head of the Holy Synod in 1912–1917 in Russia
- Makarios I, archbishop of Cyprus from 1854 to 1865
- Pope Macarius III of Alexandria, ruled in 1944–1945
- Makarios II, archbishop of Cyprus from 1948 to 1950
- Makarios III, archbishop (1950–1977) and president of Cyprus (1960–1977)
- Makarios (Tillyrides), Eastern Orthodox Archbishop of Nairobi since 2001
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